1914 – World War I: The German colony of Togoland surrenders to French and British forces after a 20-day campaign.
1914 – World War I: During the retreat from Mons, the British II Corps commanded by General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien fights a vigorous and successful defensive action at Le Cateau.
1920 – The 19th amendment to United States Constitution takes effect, giving women the right to vote.
1922 – Greco-Turkish War (1919–22): Turkish army launched what has come to be known to the Turks as the Great Offensive (Büyük Taarruz). The major Greek defense positions were overrun.
1936 – Spanish Civil War: Santander falls to the nationalists and the republican interprovincial council is dissolved.
1940 – World War II: Chad becomes the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France’s first black colonial governor.
1942 – The Holocaust in Ukraine: At Chortkiv, the Ukrainian police and German Schutzpolizei deport two thousand Jews to Bełżec extermination camp. Five hundred of the sick and children are murdered on the spot. This continued until the next day.
1944 – World War II: Charles de Gaulle enters Paris.
1966 – The South African Border War starts with the battle at Omugulugwombashe.
1970 – The fiftieth anniversary of American women being able to vote is marked by a nationwide Women’s Strike for Equality.
1977 – The Charter of the French Language is adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec
1978 – Papal conclave: Albino Luciani is elected as Pope John Paul I.
1980 – After John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey’s Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada, in the United States, the FBI inadvertently detonates the bomb during its disarming.
1997 – Beni Ali massacre occurs in Algeria, leaving 60 to 100 people dead.
1998 – The first flight of the Air Force Delta III ends in disaster 75 seconds after liftoff resulting in the loss of the Galaxy X satellite.
1999 – Russia begins the Second Chechen War in response to the Invasion of Dagestan by the Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade.
2003 – A Beechcraft 1900 operating as Colgan Air Flight 9446 crashes after taking off from Barnstable Municipal Airport in Yarmouth, Massachusetts, killing both pilots on board.
2009 – Kidnapping victim Jaycee Dugard is discovered alive in California after being missing for over 18 years. Her captors, Phillip and Nancy Garrido are apprehended.
2011 – The Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing’s all-new composite airliner, receives certification from the EASA and the FAA.
2014 – The Jay Report into the Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal is published.
2015 – Two U.S. journalists are shot and killed by a disgruntled former coworker while conducting a live report in Moneta, Virginia.
2018 – Three people are killed and eleven wounded during a mass shooting at a Madden NFL ’19 video game tournament in Jacksonville, Florida.
Artists are eligible to be inducted 25 years after the release of their first album. Their influence and contributions to the development of rock and roll are also considered. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation nominating committee selects nominees every year in Performer category. The international voting body of over 600 includes artists, historians, and music industry members. Those who receive the most votes of over 50% are inducted.
The first year of inductions was 1986. There have been 36 induction ceremonies, 351 total number of inductees. Some artists may appear more than once if they belonged to different groups or went solo as well.
The original class of inductees included Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley, Fats Domino, James Brown, Jerry Lee Lewis, Little Richard, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke and the Everly Brothers.
This year the inductees are:
- Tina Turner
- Carole King
- The Go-Go’s
- Foo Fighters
- Todd Rundgren
Early Influence Award:
- Charley Patton
- Gil Scott-Heron
Musical Excellence Award:
- LL Cool J
- Billy Preston
- Randy Rhoads
Ahmet Ertegun Award:
The museum house many creations—some works almost like paintings, but enhanced by the 3D quality of their medium. Many of the creations are by AFOL (Adult Fans of LEGO) and LUG (LEGO Users Group). Also on display are many LEGO-licensed pieces commissioned years ago by the company for its varied attractions, road shows and partnerships. Many large statues such as Spider Man, Darth Vader and Scooby Doo bring the museum to life.
Also known as the Unofficial Lego Museum, this usual archive specializes in the little plastic bricks that have captured the imagination of children (and adults!) for decades.
Museum founder Dan Brown owns the worlds largest private collection of LEGO products and opened the museum in 2007. It is housed in a former middle-school. At 3 stories high and 36,000 the museum is unlike any other tribute to toy in the world. The museum features artwork, architecture, theme rooms and animatronic displays. Brown actually owns another former school in town just to house his “spare parts”.
The Plastic Toy and Brick museum also houses the Guinness’s certified world’s largest LEGO image in the world – a mosaic of a tractor trailer created by AFOL members and local students. According to Brown, it was Guinness’s recognition of the unofficial artwork that sparked their instance that Brown never use the LEGO name again.
The owners of Nile’s Iron and Metal commissioned a sculpture to be built to commemorate their parent’s 40th anniversary.
The artist, Rabbi Sidney Rackoff, a former steelworker himself was given free reign to design a fitting homage. He was able to use anything he could find in the Niles scrap yard. The workers at the plant collaborated with Rackoff helping him find pieces of scrap to work with for the sculptor. Rackoff, a self-taught scrap steel sculptor and sites those workers as the true inspiration for the piece.
The 20 foot abstract sculpture called “The Steelworker” is, of course, welded of scrap iron and depicts a steelworker with safety helmet and welding goggles. Holding a blow torch in his right hand he is surrounded by 13 circles of iron as if he is working on a project.
Built in 1994 this state still stands today as a testament to blue collar, working class Ohioans and serves as a reminder of Ohio’s proud past in the steel and manufacturing industry.
The Amish a break of group of the Protestant Christian religion. Today they mostly exist in the US and Canada. Originally the Amish were Mennonites but broke aw from the earlier group due to difference in opinion on religion.
Jakob Amman was the founder of the Amish. He was a Mennonite bishop in Switzerland who argue that his followers must commit themselves to living a Godly lifestyle. The Amish were to “shun” any member who disobeyed God’s word—basically meaning the “shunned” would be excommunicated literally and spiritually from the community.
As the Mennonites, the Amish faced persecution over religion in Europe. The Amish came to Pennsylvania during the 1700s but later spread over the Midwest and into Canada. The first Amish in Ohio arrived around the early 1800s. They mostly settled in the northeast parts of Ohio.
Today many of them still make their living through agriculture. While the Amish are known for eschewing modern amenities like cars, electricity and phones most communities have varying rules about what is OK and what is not. Many Amish, for example, while they won’t drive a car themselves will pay a non-Amish driver to convey them and many communities have a public phone that can be used but own personal cellphones or keep a phone in their home. They dress conservatively and don’t use buttons or zippers in their clothing. They usually only marry within their sect or community.
Amish culture and “Amish country” are a big part of local tourism for many Ohio communities.