Famous Ohioans: Doris Day

One of the best known actresses in the United States in the mid to late twentieth century was Doris Day.

On April 3, 1922, she was born in Ohio. A 1937 automobile injury left her with a severely injured right leg. Von Kappelhoff performed in an amateur competition for a Cincinnati radio station. She became a regular performer onWLW after winning the competition.

Barney Rapp, Bob Crosby, and Les Brown were some of the popular big bands. Von Kappelhoff was suggested a new stage name by Rapp. Doris chose Doris Day. She took her last name from a song that she had won several years before. Day enjoyed two number one hits, “Sentimental Journey” and “My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time”, while singing with Brown’s band.

When she embarked on a solo career in 1946, Day remained a big band singer. She starred in Romance on the High Seas in 1948. During the 1950s and 1960’s, Day starred in a number of films, including The Man Who Knew Too Much, Please Do not Eat the Daisies, and With Six You. She was nominated for an Academy Award. She won an Oscar for her performance in The Man Who Knew Too Much. The Doris Day Show moved to weekly network television in 1968. The show was in production until 1973.

Day became a spokesman for animal rights after the completion of the show. She started several nonprofits, including the Doris Day Animal League. She was against the treatment of animals in laboratories. The Presidential Medal of Freedom was awarded to Day in 2004.

Famous Ohioan: Waldo Semon

On September 10, 1898, Waldo Semon was born in Alabama. Semon’s father worked as a civil engineer in Washington when Semon was seven years old. Semon first studied chemistry at the University of Washington in 1916. Semon changed his major to chemical engineering. Semon earned a PhD in chemical engineering from the University of Washington in 1924.

Semon was an instructor at the University of Washington. He supplemented his income by doing consulting work, and he earned three thousand dollars a year in this position. The Washington government implemented a law that required all government employees to turn over their consulting fees. Semon accepted a position at the B.F. rather than staying in Washington. Goodrich Company in Akron, Ohio.

Upon arriving at B.F. Semon’s first task was to find a way to bond rubber with metal. After trying a lot of different substances, Semon tested polyvinyl chloride. Semon succeeded in creating a flexible, water-proof, and fire-resistant plastic that could bond to metal as well as be formed into products by itself.

Forty-four billion pounds of plastic is produced each year, making it the second most used plastic in the world. Twenty billion dollars per year is how much retail sale of PVC makes producers. The majority of the material is used in pipes and window frames. Credit cards and vinyl records are other uses for the material.

Semon’s next breakthrough is at B.F. A new way of manufacturing synthetic rubber was developed by Goodrich in 1940. Ameripol is a cheaper version of synthetic rubber. Ameripol made synthetic rubber production more cost effective. To meet the country’s needs during World War II. The United States’ dependence on foreign rubber was ended by Semon’s invention. Synthetic rubber items for peacetime use began to be produced by these companies after World War II ended.

Semon received 116 patents for his inventions. Semon was proudest of having developed synthetic-rubber bubble gum, which was probably his most important invention. This bubble gum was made from synthetic rubber. It allowed someone to blow larger bubbles than they could with regular chewing gum.
Upon retiring from B.F. Semon became a research professor at Kent State University in 1963. He passed away in Hudson, Ohio, on May 26, 1999.

Famous Ohioans: Jacob Burnet

Jacob Burnet was a political leader in Ohio in the first half of the 19th century.
On February 22, 1770, Burnet was born in Newark, New Jersey. He established a law practice in Cincinnati after passing the bar. Although he disliked public service, he became one of Ohio’s leading citizens during the late 1790s and early 1800s. President John Adams appointed Burnet to the Territorial Council. He served until 1802. The majority of his colleagues were in favor of the Democratic-Republican Party. Governor Arthur St. was strongly supported by Burnet. Clair and his Federalist program. Burnet’s support of St. The Ohio Constitutional Convention of 1802 was not decided by Hamilton County voters.
A strong supporter of St. The two voted against important policies. He was in favor of giving adult male taxpayers the right to vote. Town meetings were the official form of local government. He was well known for disagreeing with St. Clair about the secret ballot. Voters should state their vote publicly and not write it down on a sheet of paper. Burnet was a judge of the Northwest Territory. He was elected to the Ohio legislature by the voters of Cincinnati. He was in this body from 1814 to 1816. By the time he was elected to the legislature, he was a member of the Democratic-Republican Party. The War of 1812 was supported by the Democratic-Republican Party.
The president of the Cincinnati branch of the Second Bank of the United States was Burnet. He was aware of the financial hardship many Ohioans faced. The Land Act of 1800 allowed people to buy land on credit. The federal government should help people purchase land. The Land Act was enacted in 1820. He was appointed to fill the United States Senate seat of William Henry Harrison who resigned in 1828, after serving on the Supreme Court of Ohio. He helped make possible the construction of the Miami and Erie Canal. He convinced Congress to allow Ohio to place tollgates on the National Road to raise money for internal improvements. At the Whig Party’s national convention, William Henry Harrison was nominated for the presidency.
Burnet held elected or appointed political offices for most of his adult life. He spent a lot of time making Cincinnati an important American city. He was the president of the Cincinnati chapters of the American Colonization Society. The Medical College of Ohio was headed by him.

Unusual Ohio Critter

If someone caught an American eel, they might not know what it was. They’re brown on top and tan on the sides. They have a long, snake-like body with small gill openings. It’s a good idea to identify them by the continuous dorsal, caudal and anal fin. It’s somewhat nocturnal, feeding mostly at night and relying on its sense of smell rather than sight.
The American eel is the farthest away from spawning in Ohio. Eels are born in saltwater and mature in freshwater. Eels travel to the Atlantic Ocean’s Sargasso Sea to breed. Scientists think that the males and females die after spawning. Over 2.5 million eggs may be laid by females. They’re worm-like and transparent when they’re born. The “glass elvers” begin a trip to the United States. The males will stay in nearby rivers once they reach the Gulf and Atlantic coasts. The females will use streams to get to the Great Lakes and then into Ohio waters. The journey may take a year.
Females can reach up to fifty-two inches in body length, while males can reach eighteen inches. They eat fish, invertebrates, and carrion.
Eels are sold for food. In Asia, the price for elvers can be as high as $300 per pound. The demand for eels in the Midwest isn’t high.
The completion of the Welland Canal is thought to have caused American Eels to live in Lake Erie. The Ohio Fish Commission released over a hundred thousand elvers throughout Ohio in the 19th century. The practice continued for 10 years.
Eels were common in central Ohio between 1895 and 1910. Many of them were caught by fishermen andeelers. In Fishes of Ohio is an Ohio zoology professor. The American eel is a threatened species in Ohio and numbers are beginning to decline throughout the United States due to commercial fishing. The barriers prevent the eels from leaving their spawning grounds.

Jacob Barnes, Famous Ohioan

Jacob Barnes was a conductor on the Underground Railroad.
Barnes was born in New Haven, Connecticut. Barnes and his family moved to Canfield, Ohio, where he purchased farmland and a home. Loghurst is the oldest log cabin in the Connecticut Western Reserve. Barnes lived on this land until his death. Barnes and his wife had twelve children.
Barnes was involved in the Underground Railroad. He helped slaves get their freedom in Canada. Barnes worked closely with Chauncey Fowler.
This abolitionist’s life was in danger because of Barnes’s participation on the Underground Railroad. Barnes and Fowler attended an anti-slavery meeting. Barnes and Fowler discovered that pro-slavery men shaved their horse’s tail after placing their wagon on top of a pole. The two men were chased by a mob as they returned to Canfield. The mob closed on the men after they rode together on a horse. Barnes hid from the pro-slavery men by jumping into a tree. Fowler rode the horse to safety. Barnes was with him the next morning.
Tensions over slavery between Northerners and Southerners grew during the early 19th century. Runaway slaves don’t necessarily gain their freedom when they arrive in a free state. Slaveowners were allowed to take back their slaves. Some slaves were able to escape their owners on their own, while others received assistance from sympathetic Northerners, such as Barnes.