Perry’s Victory and International Peace Memorial stands on South Bass island to commemorate the Battle of Lake Erie. This battle, in which Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry won one of the most important navel battles of the War of 1812. The column memorial also represents the lasting peace between Canada, the U.K. and the U.S. after the war.
The monument is known to be the worlds biggest Doric column at 352 feet tall. In a commission from multiple states to memorialize international peace by arbitration and disarmament. It was built between 1912-195 after an international contest over the design which was won by A.D. Seymour and Joseph H. Freelander.
This memorial to international peace is just five miles from the longest border I the world.
While the monument bears Perry’s name, six other officers killed during the Battle of Lake Erie are interred under the monument’s rotunda. Oliver Hazard Perry is buried in Newport, Rhode Island. The six officers include 3 American and 3 British officers.The names of soldiers and sailors injured or killed at the battle are carved into the walls of the rotunda.
Perry’s Monument is the only international peace memorial that is part of the US National Park System. It is 47 feet taller than the Statue of Liberty and it’s upper deck platform is 12 feet higher than the Lady Liberty’s torch.
Fort Recovery is the site of two well-known battles in the Northwest Indian War. Ohio was under the claim of Native American nations and war broke out when the then young U.S. built towns for settlers north of the Ohio River. Arthur St. Clair, Northwest Territory governor, lead troops from Fort Washington to quell the Western Confederacy at Kekionga in 1791. This battle was never to be as the U.S. forces were annihilated. St. Clair’s Defeat is the U.S.’s greatest loss against a Native American troops.
Because of this great Native American victory, the Legion of the United States was founded. General “Mad Anthony” Wayne was given command. In 1973, Wayne brought 300 men to the grounds of St. Clair’s defeat and built Fort Recovery there. They were able to identify the site due to the large number of unburied remains. George Will, a private, wrote that they had to move bones to make space for their beds.
On June 30th a large Native American with a few British officers laid siege to Fort Recovery. The Legion prevailed and was able to keep the fort under their control despite heavy losses.
Wayne would use Fort Recovery as a staging ground to make military advances into the territory. He finally defeated the Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. During the creation of the Treaty of Greenville, Fort Recovery was used as a reference point for the border between the Native American territories and the U.S. territory.
Today, Fort recovery is a village in Ohio’s Mercer County with a population of roughly 1,400 people. The village is built near the site of Fort Recovery and near the headwaters of the Wabash River.
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, October 4, in history.
1582 Last day of the Julian calendar in Italy, many Catholic countries 1636 First code of law for Plymouth Colony 1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen 1777 Battle of Germantown 1824 Mexico becomes a republic 1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands 1862 Battle of Corinth ends 1864 National black convention meets (Syracuse NY) 1864 New Orleans Tribune, first black daily newspaper, forms 1883 Orient Express’ 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail 1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “The Problem of Thor Bridge” (BG) 1901 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America’s Cup 1906 Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year 1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England 1912 Nicaraguan Gen Zeledon, opponent of US occupation, is executed 1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game 1916 Market Street’s “Path of Gold” lit for 1st time 1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hrs). Referee overturns the decision 1924 NY Giants become 1st team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series (World Series #21) 1926 Dahlia is officially designated as SF city flower 1928 25th World Series begins, NY Yankees vs St Louis Cardinals 1931 The comic strip Dick Tracy by Chester Gould debuts 1940 Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps 1940 Wrestling returns to Madison Sq Garden after 12 year lay off 1944 The St Louis World Series-Cards vs Browns – St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance (World Series #41) 1948 Cleveland Indians beat Red Sox, 8-0, in 1st AL playoff game 1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58«% to keep blacks out 1955 Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory, beating Yankees in 7 (World Series #52) 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul 1957 “Leave It to Beaver,” debuts on CBS 1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite 1958 5th French republic established 1958 Transatlantic coml jet passenger service began (BOAC) 1959 First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA) 1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon’s far side 1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit 1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300 m 1962 Whitey Ford’s world series 33 2/3 scoreless inning streak ends World Series #59) 1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government 1964 3 cars of a commuter train derail in South Africa killing 81 1964 Patriots’ Gino Cappelletti kicks 6-of-6 field goals against Broncos 1964 St Louis Cards clinch NL pennant 1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN) 1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon 1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day) 1967 First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers (World Series #64) 1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters 1969 Baseball’s 1st divisional playoff games, Mets beat Braves 9-5 & Orioles beat Twins 4-3 in 12 innings 1970 Jan Stenerud of Kansas City Chiefs kicks 55-yard field goal 1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma 1971 Borden’s opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World 1974 John Lennon releases “Walls & Bridges” album 1976 Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns due to telling a racial joke 1977 Pier 39 opens in SF 1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I 1981 Pasakevi Kouna of Greece (9) is youngest intl gymnastics participant 1983 Richard Noble reaches record 1019 kph in jet-powered car 1984 US government closes down due to budget problems 1984 Yankees clinch AL East 1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia 1985 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley 1987 First “Scrub Sunday” of NFL football with replacement players 1987 Blues Jays lose final 7 games allowing Tigers to win the AL pennant 1987 James Jefferson of Winnipeg scores 2 TDs on interception returns without making an interception. (He scored on laterals) 1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid 1990 Regional elections held, in what was East Germany 1991 NHL NY Rangers trade Bernie Nichols to Edmonton for Mark Messier
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 27, in history.
1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000 1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola 1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British 1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain 1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification 1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence 1821 Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw 1825 Railroad transportation is born with 1st track in England 1854 Steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard 1863 Jo Shelby’s calvery in action at Moffat’s Station, Arkansas 1877 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti 1881 Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small “crowd” of 12 1894 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY 1905 First published blues composition goes on sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues 1905 Boston’s Bill Dinneen no-hits Chic White Sox, 2-0 1910 First test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France) 1919 Democratic National Committee votes to admit women 1919 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs 1921 Yanks beat Indians 21-7 in Polo Grounds 1923 Lou Gehrig’s 1st homer 1928 US recognizes Nationalist Chinese government 1930 Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf 1930 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn’t handle the ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St Louis Browns 1931 Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game 1937 First Santa Claus school opens (Albion NY) 1938 Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched at Glasgow 1939 Warsaw, Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance 1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces 1940 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller 1941 First WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched 1942 NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down 1942 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of the season 1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis 1953 Bert Bechichar, Baltimore Colts, kicks a 56-yard field goal 1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan 1954 School integration begins in Wash DC & Baltimore Md public schools 1954 Steve Allen’s “Tonight Show” premiers 1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit 1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, kills nearly 5,000 1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN 1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles 1963 At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000 1964 Phillies 7th straight loses sends them into 2nd place 1964 Warren Commission released, finding Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone 1967 Phillies Jim Bunning ties NL record of 5, 1-0 losses in a year 1968 Cardinal’s super pitcher Bob Gibson’s 13th shutout of the year 1970 Ken Boswell sets 2nd baseman record of 85 games without an error 1972 First game at Nassau Coliseum, Rangers beat Islanders 6-4 (exhibition) 1973 Nolan Ryan strikesout his 383rd batter of the year 1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days) 1977 Phillies clinch 2nd straight NL East Division title 1979 Congress’ final approval to create Dept of Education 1980 WHOT (Bkln NY pirate radio station) begins on 1620 AM & 92.5 FM 1982 John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show 1985 Hurricane Gloria’s 130 MPH wind hits the Atlantic coast 1986 Senate joins House of Reps voting for sweeping tax reforms 1987 NFL players’ strike 1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story 1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not Christ`s burial cloth 1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes 1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash 1990 A gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkley Calif 1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly 1990 Senate Judiciary committee approves Souter’s Supreme Court nomination 1990 Tour de France champion Greg LeMond visits White House 1991 “Princesses” premiers on CBS TV 1991 President Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert 1991 First scheduled NHL exhibition game in St Petersburg Florida, is cancelled due to poor ice conditions (NY Islanders vs Boston Bruins)
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 20, in history.
622 Mohammad’s Hegira 1519 Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of the world 1565 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Fla & massacre the French 1664 Maryland enacts 1st anti-amaglmation law to prevent widespread intermarriage of English women & black men 1777 Paoli massacre 1792 French defeat Prussians at Valmy 1797 US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston 1830 First National Black convention meets (Phila) 1850 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue 1854 British & French defeat Russians at Alma, in the Crimea 1859 Patent granted on the electric range 1860 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (King Edward VII) 1863 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tenn, ends 1873 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) 1877 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan) 1879 President US Grant comes to SF for elaborate extended visit 1881 Chester A Arthur sworn in as president 1884 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria 1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for Pres & VP 1902 Chic White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0 1907 Pitts Nick Maddox no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-1 1908 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith 2nd no-hitter, beats Phila 1-0 1911 Yankees set team record 12 errors in a double header 1933 Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2 1942 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m 1945 German rocket engineers begin work in US 1948 Mexican Baseball league disbanded 1949 Tennis player Pancho Gonzales turns professional 1951 First North Pole jet crossing 1951 Ford Frick elected commissioner of baseball 1954 First FORTRAN computer program run 1954 First National People’s Congress adopts Chinese constitution 1954 Roger Bannister awarded Britain’s Silver Pears Trophy 1958 Baltimore Oriole knuckler Hoyt Wilhelm no-hits NY Yankees 1-0 1958 Martin Luther King Jr stabbed in chest by a deranged black woman in NYC 1960 UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations) 1961 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls 1961 Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26 1962 James Meredith is blocked from entering Miss U as its 1st black 1964 Paramount theater (NYC) presented the Beatles & Steve & Eydie 1966 US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23 1967 Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38 1968 Mickey Mantle hits final career homer # 536 1969 Pittsburgh Pirate Bob Moose no-hits NY Giants, 4-0 1970 Luna 16 lands on Moon’s Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample 1972 Police find cannabis growing on Paul & Linda McCartney’s farm 1973 Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match 1973 Willie Mays announces retirement at end of 1973 season 1975 David Bowie’s “Fame,” single goes #1 for 2 weeks 1975 Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28¬” draw 1976 Playboy releases Jimmy Carter’s interview that he lusts for women 1976 Sid Berstein offers $230 million charity concert for Beatle reunion 1977 Voyager 2 launched for fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune 1979 Bloodless coup in Central African Rep overthrows Emperor Bokassa I 1979 NASA launches HEAO 1980 Plaque dedicated in Thurman Munson’s memory at Yankee Stadium 1980 Spectacular Bid runs in Belmont alone as 3 horses drop out 1981 Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal 1982 NFL players begin a 57 day strike 1983 3,112 turn out to see the Pirates play the NY Mets at Shea Stadium 1984 Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut 1985 Curtis Strong is convicted for selling cocaine to pro baseball players 1985 Walt Disney World’s 200-millionth guest 1986 Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State 1987 Alain Prost wins record 28th Formula one auto race 1987 Walter Payton scores NFL record 107th rushing touchdown 1990 Both Germanys ratify reunification 1990 Saddam Hussein demands US networks broadcast his message