Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 20, in history.
622 Mohammad’s Hegira 1519 Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of the world 1565 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Fla & massacre the French 1664 Maryland enacts 1st anti-amaglmation law to prevent widespread intermarriage of English women & black men 1777 Paoli massacre 1792 French defeat Prussians at Valmy 1797 US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston 1830 First National Black convention meets (Phila) 1850 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue 1854 British & French defeat Russians at Alma, in the Crimea 1859 Patent granted on the electric range 1860 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (King Edward VII) 1863 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tenn, ends 1873 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) 1877 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan) 1879 President US Grant comes to SF for elaborate extended visit 1881 Chester A Arthur sworn in as president 1884 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria 1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for Pres & VP 1902 Chic White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0 1907 Pitts Nick Maddox no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-1 1908 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith 2nd no-hitter, beats Phila 1-0 1911 Yankees set team record 12 errors in a double header 1933 Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2 1942 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m 1945 German rocket engineers begin work in US 1948 Mexican Baseball league disbanded 1949 Tennis player Pancho Gonzales turns professional 1951 First North Pole jet crossing 1951 Ford Frick elected commissioner of baseball 1954 First FORTRAN computer program run 1954 First National People’s Congress adopts Chinese constitution 1954 Roger Bannister awarded Britain’s Silver Pears Trophy 1958 Baltimore Oriole knuckler Hoyt Wilhelm no-hits NY Yankees 1-0 1958 Martin Luther King Jr stabbed in chest by a deranged black woman in NYC 1960 UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations) 1961 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls 1961 Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26 1962 James Meredith is blocked from entering Miss U as its 1st black 1964 Paramount theater (NYC) presented the Beatles & Steve & Eydie 1966 US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23 1967 Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38 1968 Mickey Mantle hits final career homer # 536 1969 Pittsburgh Pirate Bob Moose no-hits NY Giants, 4-0 1970 Luna 16 lands on Moon’s Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample 1972 Police find cannabis growing on Paul & Linda McCartney’s farm 1973 Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match 1973 Willie Mays announces retirement at end of 1973 season 1975 David Bowie’s “Fame,” single goes #1 for 2 weeks 1975 Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28¬” draw 1976 Playboy releases Jimmy Carter’s interview that he lusts for women 1976 Sid Berstein offers $230 million charity concert for Beatle reunion 1977 Voyager 2 launched for fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune 1979 Bloodless coup in Central African Rep overthrows Emperor Bokassa I 1979 NASA launches HEAO 1980 Plaque dedicated in Thurman Munson’s memory at Yankee Stadium 1980 Spectacular Bid runs in Belmont alone as 3 horses drop out 1981 Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal 1982 NFL players begin a 57 day strike 1983 3,112 turn out to see the Pirates play the NY Mets at Shea Stadium 1984 Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut 1985 Curtis Strong is convicted for selling cocaine to pro baseball players 1985 Walt Disney World’s 200-millionth guest 1986 Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State 1987 Alain Prost wins record 28th Formula one auto race 1987 Walter Payton scores NFL record 107th rushing touchdown 1990 Both Germanys ratify reunification 1990 Saddam Hussein demands US networks broadcast his message
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 6, in history.
1620 Pilgrims set sail from Plymouth England to the New World 1628 Puritans land at Salem, from Mass Bay Colony, witches soon to settle 1839 Great fire in NY 1848 National Black Convention meets (Cleveland) 1853 Women’s Rights Convention met (NYC) 1862 Stonewall Jackson occupies Fredrick, Maryland 1863 After 59 day siege, confederates evacuate Ft Wagner, SC 1869 First westbound train arrives in SF 1869 Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale Pennsylvania 1873 Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street 1876 Race riot in Charleston SC 1876 Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed 1883 Cub’s Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn 1899 Carnation processes its 1st can of evaporated milk 1903 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Creeping Man” (BG) 1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Company established 1905 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith no-hits Detroit Tigers, 15-0 1909 Word received, Adm Peary discovers North Pole 5 months earlier 1910 Saskatchewan (then Regina) Roughriders football club formed 1912 NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Phila, 3-0 1913 First aircraft to loop the loop (Adolphe P‚goud-France) 1914 Battle of the Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris 1920 First radio broadcast of a prizefight 1924 Charles Paddock captures 100 & 200 yd AAU national senior outdoor track & field championships 1930 Brooklyn Dodgers beat Phillies 22-8 1941 All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star 1941 Jews of Vilna Poland are confined to a ghetto 1943 “Congressional Limited” train derails near Frankfort Pa, kills 79 1946 All-American Football Conference plays 1st game (Clev 44, Miami 0) 1948 Juliana becomes queen of the Netherlands 1949 Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in 12 minutes 1954 Yankees use a record 10 pinch hitters 1963 Major league baseballs 100,000th game 1966 “Star Trek” premiers on NBC TV 1966 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia 1968 Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day) 1972 John & Yoko appear on Jerry Lewis Muscular Dystrophy Telethon 1973 NY Times reports almost all Superfectas run at Yonkers, Roosevelt & Monticello from Jan-Mar of 1973 were fixed 1975 6.8 quake along Anatolian Fault kills over 2,000 in Lice Turkey 1976 Russian pilot defects to Japan in a Mig 25 jet 1978 Begin & Sadat meet at Camp David to discuss peace 1980 Chantal Langlace sets women’s record for fastest 100K run (7h27m22s) 1980 College football longest losing streak of 50 games ends for Macalaster U of St Paul, Minn beating Mount Senario 17-14 1981 Bob Lemon named Yankee manager 1982 Paul McCartney releases “Tug of War” 1982 Polish dissidents seize the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland 1983 USSR admits to shooting down KAL 007 on 9/2 1984 Today Show begins live remote telecasts from Moscow 1986 Barbra Streisand’s 1st live concert in 20 years 1986 USSR charges correspondent Nicholas Daniloff with spying 1987 Saskatchewan’s Dave Ridgway kicks a CFL-record 60-yard field goal 1988 Crippled soviet Soyuz TM-5 lands safely with 2 cosmonauts aboard 1989 Amateur Atheletic Fed strips Ben Johnson of all track records 1991 USSR recognizes independence of the 3 baltic republics
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 30, In history.
31 -BC- Origin of Era of Augustus 257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope 1645 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty 1843 First black participation in national political convention (Liberty Party) 1850 Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city 1854 John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels 1862 Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY 1862 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee 1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda 1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day 1905 Ty Cobb’s 1st major league at bat (Detroit Tigers) 1906 Hal Chase became 1st Yankee to hit 3 triples in a game 1910 Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleve 5-0 in 11 1912 St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1 1913 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled 1916 Boston’s Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0 1916 Paul Von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany 1939 NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph (152 kph) 1941 Siege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began during WW II 1941 St Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cin Reds, 2-0 1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest Romania 1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japan 1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas 1961 First Negro judge of a US District Court confirmed-JB Parsons 1961 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning baseball game 1963 Hot Line communications link between Wash DC & Moscow went begins 1965 Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball 1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland 1967 US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice 1968 First record under Apple label (Beatle’s Hey Jude) 1969 120,000 attend Texas Intl Pop Festival 1969 25,000 attend 2nd Annual Sky River Rock Festival, Tenino Wash 1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale Florida 1974 Express train runs full speed into Zagreb, Yugo rail yard killing 153 1975 KTW-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX) 1976 Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of the Today Show 1979 First recorded occurrence-comet hits sun (energy=1 mil hydrogen bombs) 1979 President Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains Ga 1983 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-launched (6 days) 1984 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D)-Discovery 1-launched (6 days) 1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report) 1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100 m in world record 9.83 sec 1987 Stefka Kostadinova of Bulgaria sets high jump women’s record (6’10¬”) 1987 Yves Pol of France runs complete marathon backwards (3:57:57) 1988 Julianne Philips files for divorce from Bruce Springsteen 1988 Tennis star Chris Everett weds skier Andy Mills 1989 Roman Polanski marries actress Emmanuelle Seigner 1990 Ken Griffey & Ken Griffey Jr become 1st father & son to play on the same team (Seattle Mariners), both single in the 1st inning 1991 Dan O’Brien sets US decathalon record with 8,812 points 1991 France beats US by narrowest Ryder Cup margin – 14« to 13« 1991 Mike Powell of the US, sets then long jump record at 29′ 4«”
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 2, in history.
257 St Stephen I ends his reign as Catholic Pope 640 Severinus ends his reign as Catholic Pope 686 John V ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1375 First roller skating rink opens (London) 1492 Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella 1776 Formal signing of the Declaration of Independence 1798 British under Adm Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile 1819 First parachute jump in US 1832 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sac & Fox indians, end Black Hawk War 1832 Black Hawk defeated (IA) 1832 Whites decimate Indians in Battle of Bad Axe River, Wisc 1858 First street mailboxes-Boston, Mass 1864 2nd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens 1873 First trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones 1877 SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes 1903 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey 1906 Chicago White Sox begin record 19 game win streak 1909 First Lincoln head pennies minted 1909 Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers 1914 Sherlock Holmes Adventure “His Last Bow” takes place 1929 Phillies Don Hurst sets NL record of 6 consecutive games with a HR 1932 Charlie Grimm replaces Roger Hornsby as manager of Chicago Cubs 1934 First airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it 1934 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour 1938 First test of a yellow baseball (Dodgers vs Cardinals) 1939 Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers 1941 Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia 1943 PT-109 rammed & sunk 1959 Milwaukee Brave Bill Bruton hits 2 bases loaded triples 1961 Beatles 1st gig as house band of Liverpool’s Cavern Club 1961 St Louis Cards (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 36-7 in Toronto 1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m 1964 North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in Gulf of Tonkin 1964 Race riot in Jersey City NJ 1965 Morley Safer’s sends 1st Vietnam report indicating we are losing 1966 Radio Vila (New Hebrides) begins transmitting 1967 New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season game, they lose to LA Rams 16-77 1967 US’s Lunar Orbiter 5 launched; enters lunar orbit Aug 5 1972 Gold hits record $70 an ounce in London 1975 Billy Martin named manager of NY Yankees (1st time) 1979 Gilda Radner Live From New York opens on Broadway 1980 US swimmers set 3 world records at National championships 1983 STS-8 vehicle moves to launch pad 1983 US District Court begins trying Yonkers accuse of race discrimination 1985 5 die in a train crash in Westminster Colo 1985 NASA launches space vehicle S-209 1986 Jackie Joyner-Kersee (US) sets record for heptathlon (7161 pts) 1986 TODAY/PC born today 1987 Cin Red Eric Davis becomes 7th & earliest 30 HR 30 steal man 1987 Don Brown sets flight record for handbow (1,336 yds 1’3″) 1987 Kevin Seitzer (KC Royals), gets 6 hits in one baseball game 1987 Michael Andretti runs fastest Indy car race in history (171.49 MPH) 1988 Raymond Acevedo is retired from singing group Menudo 1988 System Enhancement Assoc settles case with PKware (ARC vs PKARC) 1989 NASA confirmed Voyager 2’s discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2, 1989 N3 & 1989 N24 1990 Iraq invades & occupies Kuwait 1991 Funk singer Rick James, arrested on sexual torture charges 1991 Hedy Lamaar is arrested for shoplifting in LA 1991 Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) launched
Jody Victor: here’s what happened on this day, July 27, in history.
432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1501 Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral 1586 Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia 1661 Parliament confirms the Navigation Act 1689 Jacobite Scottish Highlanders defeat royal force at Killiecrankie 1694 Bank of England chartered 1789 Congress establishes Dept of Foreign Affairs (State dept) 1816 Fort Blount on Apalachicola Bay Fla, attacked by US Troops 1836 Adelaide, South Australia founded 1837 US Mint opens in Charlotte, NC 1844 Fire destroys the US mint at Charlotte, NC 1861 Union Gen George McClellan took command of Potamic Army 1862 Steamer “Golden Gate” burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico 1866 Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long) 1879 C H F Peters discovers asteroid #200 Dynamene 1880 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson was wounded, breaks out 1897 37.5 cm (14.75″) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record) 1898 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Dancing Men” (BG) 1905 J Palisa discovers asteroid #569 Misa 1908 A Kopff discovers asteroid #668 Dora 1909 Orville Wright tests first US Army airplane, flying 1h12m 1918 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY 1919 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured) 1920 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America’s Cup 1924 8th Olympic games closes in Paris 1933 G Van Biesbroeck discovers asteroid #1312 Vassar 1933 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1284 Latvia 1940 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts 1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China 1944 First British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor) 1944 US regains possession of Guam from Japanese 1946 Red Sox Rudy York hits 2 grand slams in 1 game 1947 Yogi Berra starts record 148 game errorless streak 1949 Havilland Comet 40-passenger airliner makes maiden flight 1953 Armistice signed ending Korean War 1954 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries 1955 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation 1955 Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1751 Herget 1960 VP Nixon nominated for president at Republican convention in Chicago 1962 Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission 1962 Martin Luther King Jr jailed in Albany Georgia 1968 Race Riot in Gary Indiana 1969 Pioneer 10 launched 1972 NHL star Maurice “Rocket” Richard signs with WHL Quebec Nordiques 1973 Walter Blum becomes 6th jockey to ride 4,000 winners 1974 House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment 1976 8.2 Tangshan earthquake kills estimated 240,000 Chinese 1977 John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US 1982 Indian PM Indira Gandhi 1st visit to US in almost 11 years 1987 John Demjanjuk, accused Nazi “Ivan the Terrible” testifies in Israel 1988 Boston’s worst traffic jam in 30 years 1988 Radio Shack announces the Tandy 1000 SL computer 1989 Atlanta Brave Dale Murphy is 10th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th) 1990 Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop 1991 Rocker Jani Lane, (Warrant-Cherry Pie) marries model Bobbie Brown 1991 TV Guide publishes it’s 2000th edition