Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, October 4, in history.

1582 Last day of the Julian calendar in Italy, many Catholic countries
1636 First code of law for Plymouth Colony
1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen
1777 Battle of Germantown
1824 Mexico becomes a republic
1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
1862 Battle of Corinth ends
1864 National black convention meets (Syracuse NY)
1864 New Orleans Tribune, first black daily newspaper, forms
1883 Orient Express’ 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “The Problem of Thor Bridge” (BG)
1901 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America’s Cup
1906 Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year
1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
1912 Nicaraguan Gen Zeledon, opponent of US occupation, is executed
1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
1916 Market Street’s “Path of Gold” lit for 1st time
1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hrs). Referee overturns the decision
1924 NY Giants become 1st team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series (World Series #21)
1926 Dahlia is officially designated as SF city flower
1928 25th World Series begins, NY Yankees vs St Louis Cardinals
1931 The comic strip Dick Tracy by Chester Gould debuts
1940 Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps
1940 Wrestling returns to Madison Sq Garden after 12 year lay off
1944 The St Louis World Series-Cards vs Browns – St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance (World Series #41)
1948 Cleveland Indians beat Red Sox, 8-0, in 1st AL playoff game
1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58«% to keep blacks out
1955 Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory, beating Yankees in 7 (World Series #52) 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
1957 “Leave It to Beaver,” debuts on CBS
1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite
1958 5th French republic established
1958 Transatlantic coml jet passenger service began (BOAC)
1959 First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA)
1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon’s far side
1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300 m
1962 Whitey Ford’s world series 33 2/3 scoreless inning streak ends World Series #59)
1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
1964 3 cars of a commuter train derail in South Africa killing 81
1964 Patriots’ Gino Cappelletti kicks 6-of-6 field goals against Broncos
1964 St Louis Cards clinch NL pennant
1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN)
1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon
1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1967 First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers (World Series #64)
1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters
1969 Baseball’s 1st divisional playoff games, Mets beat Braves 9-5 & Orioles beat Twins 4-3 in 12 innings
1970 Jan Stenerud of Kansas City Chiefs kicks 55-yard field goal
1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
1971 Borden’s opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World
1974 John Lennon releases “Walls & Bridges” album
1976 Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns due to telling a racial joke
1977 Pier 39 opens in SF
1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I
1981 Pasakevi Kouna of Greece (9) is youngest intl gymnastics participant
1983 Richard Noble reaches record 1019 kph in jet-powered car
1984 US government closes down due to budget problems
1984 Yankees clinch AL East
1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia
1985 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley
1987 First “Scrub Sunday” of NFL football with replacement players
1987 Blues Jays lose final 7 games allowing Tigers to win the AL pennant
1987 James Jefferson of Winnipeg scores 2 TDs on interception returns without making an interception. (He scored on laterals)
1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid
1990 Regional elections held, in what was East Germany
1991 NHL NY Rangers trade Bernie Nichols to Edmonton for Mark Messier

Jody Victor

Once Upon A Time….

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 27, in history.

1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000
1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola
1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British
1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification
1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence
1821 Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
1825 Railroad transportation is born with 1st track in England
1854 Steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard
1863 Jo Shelby’s calvery in action at Moffat’s Station, Arkansas
1877 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
1881 Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small “crowd” of 12
1894 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
1905 First published blues composition goes on sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues
1905 Boston’s Bill Dinneen no-hits Chic White Sox, 2-0
1910 First test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France)
1919 Democratic National Committee votes to admit women
1919 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs
1921 Yanks beat Indians 21-7 in Polo Grounds
1923 Lou Gehrig’s 1st homer
1928 US recognizes Nationalist Chinese government
1930 Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf
1930 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn’t handle the ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St Louis Browns
1931 Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game
1937 First Santa Claus school opens (Albion NY)
1938 Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched at Glasgow
1939 Warsaw, Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces
1940 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller
1941 First WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched
1942 NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down
1942 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of the season
1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis
1953 Bert Bechichar, Baltimore Colts, kicks a 56-yard field goal
1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan
1954 School integration begins in Wash DC & Baltimore Md public schools
1954 Steve Allen’s “Tonight Show” premiers
1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit
1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, kills nearly 5,000
1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN
1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles
1963 At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000
1964 Phillies 7th straight loses sends them into 2nd place
1964 Warren Commission released, finding Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
1967 Phillies Jim Bunning ties NL record of 5, 1-0 losses in a year
1968 Cardinal’s super pitcher Bob Gibson’s 13th shutout of the year
1970 Ken Boswell sets 2nd baseman record of 85 games without an error
1972 First game at Nassau Coliseum, Rangers beat Islanders 6-4 (exhibition)
1973 Nolan Ryan strikesout his 383rd batter of the year
1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days)
1977 Phillies clinch 2nd straight NL East Division title
1979 Congress’ final approval to create Dept of Education
1980 WHOT (Bkln NY pirate radio station) begins on 1620 AM & 92.5 FM
1982 John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show
1985 Hurricane Gloria’s 130 MPH wind hits the Atlantic coast
1986 Senate joins House of Reps voting for sweeping tax reforms
1987 NFL players’ strike
1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story
1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not Christ`s burial cloth
1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes
1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash
1990 A gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkley Calif
1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly
1990 Senate Judiciary committee approves Souter’s Supreme Court nomination
1990 Tour de France champion Greg LeMond visits White House
1991 “Princesses” premiers on CBS TV
1991 President Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert
1991 First scheduled NHL exhibition game in St Petersburg Florida, is cancelled due to poor ice conditions (NY Islanders vs Boston Bruins)

Jody Victor

Those Were The Days

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 20, in history.

622 Mohammad’s Hegira
1519 Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of the world
1565 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Fla & massacre the French
1664 Maryland enacts 1st anti-amaglmation law to prevent widespread intermarriage of English women & black men
1777 Paoli massacre
1792 French defeat Prussians at Valmy
1797 US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
1830 First National Black convention meets (Phila)
1850 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
1854 British & French defeat Russians at Alma, in the Crimea
1859 Patent granted on the electric range
1860 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (King Edward VII)
1863 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tenn, ends
1873 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure)
1877 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)
1879 President US Grant comes to SF for elaborate extended visit
1881 Chester A Arthur sworn in as president
1884 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for Pres & VP
1902 Chic White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
1907 Pitts Nick Maddox no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-1
1908 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith 2nd no-hitter, beats Phila 1-0
1911 Yankees set team record 12 errors in a double header
1933 Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2
1942 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
1945 German rocket engineers begin work in US
1948 Mexican Baseball league disbanded
1949 Tennis player Pancho Gonzales turns professional
1951 First North Pole jet crossing
1951 Ford Frick elected commissioner of baseball
1954 First FORTRAN computer program run
1954 First National People’s Congress adopts Chinese constitution
1954 Roger Bannister awarded Britain’s Silver Pears Trophy
1958 Baltimore Oriole knuckler Hoyt Wilhelm no-hits NY Yankees 1-0
1958 Martin Luther King Jr stabbed in chest by a deranged black woman in NYC
1960 UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations)
1961 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls
1961 Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26
1962 James Meredith is blocked from entering Miss U as its 1st black
1964 Paramount theater (NYC) presented the Beatles & Steve & Eydie
1966 US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23
1967 Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38
1968 Mickey Mantle hits final career homer # 536
1969 Pittsburgh Pirate Bob Moose no-hits NY Giants, 4-0
1970 Luna 16 lands on Moon’s Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample
1972 Police find cannabis growing on Paul & Linda McCartney’s farm
1973 Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match
1973 Willie Mays announces retirement at end of 1973 season
1975 David Bowie’s “Fame,” single goes #1 for 2 weeks
1975 Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28¬” draw
1976 Playboy releases Jimmy Carter’s interview that he lusts for women
1976 Sid Berstein offers $230 million charity concert for Beatle reunion
1977 Voyager 2 launched for fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
1979 Bloodless coup in Central African Rep overthrows Emperor Bokassa I
1979 NASA launches HEAO
1980 Plaque dedicated in Thurman Munson’s memory at Yankee Stadium
1980 Spectacular Bid runs in Belmont alone as 3 horses drop out
1981 Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal
1982 NFL players begin a 57 day strike
1983 3,112 turn out to see the Pirates play the NY Mets at Shea Stadium
1984 Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut
1985 Curtis Strong is convicted for selling cocaine to pro baseball players
1985 Walt Disney World’s 200-millionth guest
1986 Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State
1987 Alain Prost wins record 28th Formula one auto race
1987 Walter Payton scores NFL record 107th rushing touchdown
1990 Both Germanys ratify reunification
1990 Saddam Hussein demands US networks broadcast his message

Jody Victor

It Happened Today

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 6, in history.

1620 Pilgrims set sail from Plymouth England to the New World
1628 Puritans land at Salem, from Mass Bay Colony, witches soon to settle
1839 Great fire in NY
1848 National Black Convention meets (Cleveland)
1853 Women’s Rights Convention met (NYC)
1862 Stonewall Jackson occupies Fredrick, Maryland
1863 After 59 day siege, confederates evacuate Ft Wagner, SC
1869 First westbound train arrives in SF
1869 Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale Pennsylvania
1873 Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street
1876 Race riot in Charleston SC
1876 Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed
1883 Cub’s Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn
1899 Carnation processes its 1st can of evaporated milk
1903 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Creeping Man” (BG)
1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Company established
1905 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith no-hits Detroit Tigers, 15-0
1909 Word received, Adm Peary discovers North Pole 5 months earlier
1910 Saskatchewan (then Regina) Roughriders football club formed
1912 NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Phila, 3-0
1913 First aircraft to loop the loop (Adolphe P‚goud-France)
1914 Battle of the Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris
1920 First radio broadcast of a prizefight
1924 Charles Paddock captures 100 & 200 yd AAU national senior outdoor track & field championships
1930 Brooklyn Dodgers beat Phillies 22-8
1941 All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star
1941 Jews of Vilna Poland are confined to a ghetto
1943 “Congressional Limited” train derails near Frankfort Pa, kills 79
1946 All-American Football Conference plays 1st game (Clev 44, Miami 0)
1948 Juliana becomes queen of the Netherlands
1949 Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in 12 minutes
1954 Yankees use a record 10 pinch hitters
1963 Major league baseballs 100,000th game
1966 “Star Trek” premiers on NBC TV
1966 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia
1968 Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1972 John & Yoko appear on Jerry Lewis Muscular Dystrophy Telethon
1973 NY Times reports almost all Superfectas run at Yonkers, Roosevelt & Monticello from Jan-Mar of 1973 were fixed
1975 6.8 quake along Anatolian Fault kills over 2,000 in Lice Turkey
1976 Russian pilot defects to Japan in a Mig 25 jet
1978 Begin & Sadat meet at Camp David to discuss peace
1980 Chantal Langlace sets women’s record for fastest 100K run (7h27m22s)
1980 College football longest losing streak of 50 games ends for Macalaster U of St Paul, Minn beating Mount Senario 17-14
1981 Bob Lemon named Yankee manager
1982 Paul McCartney releases “Tug of War”
1982 Polish dissidents seize the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland
1983 USSR admits to shooting down KAL 007 on 9/2
1984 Today Show begins live remote telecasts from Moscow
1986 Barbra Streisand’s 1st live concert in 20 years
1986 USSR charges correspondent Nicholas Daniloff with spying
1987 Saskatchewan’s Dave Ridgway kicks a CFL-record 60-yard field goal
1988 Crippled soviet Soyuz TM-5 lands safely with 2 cosmonauts aboard
1989 Amateur Atheletic Fed strips Ben Johnson of all track records
1991 USSR recognizes independence of the 3 baltic republics

Jody Victor

Those Were The Days

Jody Victor: Let’s see what happened on this day, August 16, in history.

1743 Earliest boxing code of rules formulated in England (Jack Broughton)
1777 Americans defeat British in Battle of Bennington, Vt
1780 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, SC
1812 General Hull surrenders Detroit & Michigan territory to England
1819 Manchester Massacre; English police charge unemployed demonstrators
1829 Siamese twins Chang & Eng Bunker arrive in Boston to be exhibited
1858 Britain’s Queen Victoria telegraphs President James Buchanan
1861 President Lincoln prohibits Union states from trading with Confederacy
1863 Emancipation Proclamation signed
1870 Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn’t an optical illusion
1876 The opera “Siegfried” is produced (Bayreuth)
1890 Alexander Clark, journalist/lawyer, named minister to Liberia
1896 Gold discovered in the Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Ala
1898 Roller coaster patented
1903 Tigers play a home game in Toledo Ohio, Yanks win 12-8
1915 KC’s Alex Main no-hits Buffalo (Federal League), 5-0
1920 Ray Chapman, of the Indians is hit in the head by Yanks’ Carl Mays pitch; he dies next day, only major league fatality
1934 US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915)
1934 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028′ (1922 m) in Bathysphere
1936 11th Olympic games close in Berlin
1948 The Israeli pound becomes legal tender
1954 Sports Illustrated publishes it’s 1st issue
1955 Fiat Motors orders first private atomic reactor
1956 Adlai E Stevenson nominated as Democratic presidential candidate
1959 USSR introduces installment buying
1960 Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus
1960 Joseph Kittinger parachutes from balloon at 31,330 m (84,700′)
1960 Republic of the Congo (Zaire) forms
1963 Independence is restored to Dominican Republic
1965 AFL awards its first expansion franchise (Miami Dolphins)
1976 St Louis Cards beat San Diego Chargers 20-10 in Tokyo (NFL expo)
1977 Yankees blow 9-4 lead in 9th but beat Chicago 11-10 in bottom of 9th
1981 Highest score in World Cup soccer match (New Zealand-13, Fiji-0)
1984 LA federal jury acquits auto maker John Z DeLorean on cocaine charges
1984 Largest harness racing purse ($2,161,000-Nihilator wins $1,080,500)
1984 NASA launches Ampte
1985 Singer Madonna weds actor Sean Penn
1986 Madonna’s “True Blue,” album goes #1 for 5 weeks & her single “Papa Don’t Preach,” goes #1 for 2 weeks
1987 156 die as Northwest Flight 255 crashes at take off in Detroit
1987 Astrological Harmonic Convergence-Dawn of New Age
1987 NY Mets beat Chicago Cubs, 23-9
1988 IBM introduces software for artificial intelligence
1988 Jailed black nationalist Nelson Mandela struck with tuberculosis
1988 Mayor Koch says he plans to wipe out street-corner windshield washers
1989 Roger Kingdom of USA sets the 110m hurdle record (12.92) in Zurich
1990 Iraq orders 4000 Britons & 2500 Americans in Kuwait to Iraq
1991 President Bush declares the recession is near an end

Jody Victor