Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, October 4, in history.
1582 Last day of the Julian calendar in Italy, many Catholic countries 1636 First code of law for Plymouth Colony 1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen 1777 Battle of Germantown 1824 Mexico becomes a republic 1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands 1862 Battle of Corinth ends 1864 National black convention meets (Syracuse NY) 1864 New Orleans Tribune, first black daily newspaper, forms 1883 Orient Express’ 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail 1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “The Problem of Thor Bridge” (BG) 1901 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America’s Cup 1906 Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year 1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England 1912 Nicaraguan Gen Zeledon, opponent of US occupation, is executed 1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game 1916 Market Street’s “Path of Gold” lit for 1st time 1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hrs). Referee overturns the decision 1924 NY Giants become 1st team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series (World Series #21) 1926 Dahlia is officially designated as SF city flower 1928 25th World Series begins, NY Yankees vs St Louis Cardinals 1931 The comic strip Dick Tracy by Chester Gould debuts 1940 Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps 1940 Wrestling returns to Madison Sq Garden after 12 year lay off 1944 The St Louis World Series-Cards vs Browns – St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance (World Series #41) 1948 Cleveland Indians beat Red Sox, 8-0, in 1st AL playoff game 1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58«% to keep blacks out 1955 Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory, beating Yankees in 7 (World Series #52) 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul 1957 “Leave It to Beaver,” debuts on CBS 1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite 1958 5th French republic established 1958 Transatlantic coml jet passenger service began (BOAC) 1959 First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA) 1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon’s far side 1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit 1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300 m 1962 Whitey Ford’s world series 33 2/3 scoreless inning streak ends World Series #59) 1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government 1964 3 cars of a commuter train derail in South Africa killing 81 1964 Patriots’ Gino Cappelletti kicks 6-of-6 field goals against Broncos 1964 St Louis Cards clinch NL pennant 1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN) 1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon 1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day) 1967 First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers (World Series #64) 1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters 1969 Baseball’s 1st divisional playoff games, Mets beat Braves 9-5 & Orioles beat Twins 4-3 in 12 innings 1970 Jan Stenerud of Kansas City Chiefs kicks 55-yard field goal 1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma 1971 Borden’s opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World 1974 John Lennon releases “Walls & Bridges” album 1976 Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns due to telling a racial joke 1977 Pier 39 opens in SF 1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I 1981 Pasakevi Kouna of Greece (9) is youngest intl gymnastics participant 1983 Richard Noble reaches record 1019 kph in jet-powered car 1984 US government closes down due to budget problems 1984 Yankees clinch AL East 1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia 1985 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley 1987 First “Scrub Sunday” of NFL football with replacement players 1987 Blues Jays lose final 7 games allowing Tigers to win the AL pennant 1987 James Jefferson of Winnipeg scores 2 TDs on interception returns without making an interception. (He scored on laterals) 1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid 1990 Regional elections held, in what was East Germany 1991 NHL NY Rangers trade Bernie Nichols to Edmonton for Mark Messier
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 6, in history.
1620 Pilgrims set sail from Plymouth England to the New World 1628 Puritans land at Salem, from Mass Bay Colony, witches soon to settle 1839 Great fire in NY 1848 National Black Convention meets (Cleveland) 1853 Women’s Rights Convention met (NYC) 1862 Stonewall Jackson occupies Fredrick, Maryland 1863 After 59 day siege, confederates evacuate Ft Wagner, SC 1869 First westbound train arrives in SF 1869 Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale Pennsylvania 1873 Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street 1876 Race riot in Charleston SC 1876 Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed 1883 Cub’s Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn 1899 Carnation processes its 1st can of evaporated milk 1903 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Creeping Man” (BG) 1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Company established 1905 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith no-hits Detroit Tigers, 15-0 1909 Word received, Adm Peary discovers North Pole 5 months earlier 1910 Saskatchewan (then Regina) Roughriders football club formed 1912 NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Phila, 3-0 1913 First aircraft to loop the loop (Adolphe P‚goud-France) 1914 Battle of the Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris 1920 First radio broadcast of a prizefight 1924 Charles Paddock captures 100 & 200 yd AAU national senior outdoor track & field championships 1930 Brooklyn Dodgers beat Phillies 22-8 1941 All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star 1941 Jews of Vilna Poland are confined to a ghetto 1943 “Congressional Limited” train derails near Frankfort Pa, kills 79 1946 All-American Football Conference plays 1st game (Clev 44, Miami 0) 1948 Juliana becomes queen of the Netherlands 1949 Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in 12 minutes 1954 Yankees use a record 10 pinch hitters 1963 Major league baseballs 100,000th game 1966 “Star Trek” premiers on NBC TV 1966 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia 1968 Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day) 1972 John & Yoko appear on Jerry Lewis Muscular Dystrophy Telethon 1973 NY Times reports almost all Superfectas run at Yonkers, Roosevelt & Monticello from Jan-Mar of 1973 were fixed 1975 6.8 quake along Anatolian Fault kills over 2,000 in Lice Turkey 1976 Russian pilot defects to Japan in a Mig 25 jet 1978 Begin & Sadat meet at Camp David to discuss peace 1980 Chantal Langlace sets women’s record for fastest 100K run (7h27m22s) 1980 College football longest losing streak of 50 games ends for Macalaster U of St Paul, Minn beating Mount Senario 17-14 1981 Bob Lemon named Yankee manager 1982 Paul McCartney releases “Tug of War” 1982 Polish dissidents seize the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland 1983 USSR admits to shooting down KAL 007 on 9/2 1984 Today Show begins live remote telecasts from Moscow 1986 Barbra Streisand’s 1st live concert in 20 years 1986 USSR charges correspondent Nicholas Daniloff with spying 1987 Saskatchewan’s Dave Ridgway kicks a CFL-record 60-yard field goal 1988 Crippled soviet Soyuz TM-5 lands safely with 2 cosmonauts aboard 1989 Amateur Atheletic Fed strips Ben Johnson of all track records 1991 USSR recognizes independence of the 3 baltic republics
Jody Victor: Let’s see what happened on this day, August 16, in history.
1743 Earliest boxing code of rules formulated in England (Jack Broughton) 1777 Americans defeat British in Battle of Bennington, Vt 1780 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, SC 1812 General Hull surrenders Detroit & Michigan territory to England 1819 Manchester Massacre; English police charge unemployed demonstrators 1829 Siamese twins Chang & Eng Bunker arrive in Boston to be exhibited 1858 Britain’s Queen Victoria telegraphs President James Buchanan 1861 President Lincoln prohibits Union states from trading with Confederacy 1863 Emancipation Proclamation signed 1870 Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn’t an optical illusion 1876 The opera “Siegfried” is produced (Bayreuth) 1890 Alexander Clark, journalist/lawyer, named minister to Liberia 1896 Gold discovered in the Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Ala 1898 Roller coaster patented 1903 Tigers play a home game in Toledo Ohio, Yanks win 12-8 1915 KC’s Alex Main no-hits Buffalo (Federal League), 5-0 1920 Ray Chapman, of the Indians is hit in the head by Yanks’ Carl Mays pitch; he dies next day, only major league fatality 1934 US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915) 1934 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028′ (1922 m) in Bathysphere 1936 11th Olympic games close in Berlin 1948 The Israeli pound becomes legal tender 1954 Sports Illustrated publishes it’s 1st issue 1955 Fiat Motors orders first private atomic reactor 1956 Adlai E Stevenson nominated as Democratic presidential candidate 1959 USSR introduces installment buying 1960 Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus 1960 Joseph Kittinger parachutes from balloon at 31,330 m (84,700′) 1960 Republic of the Congo (Zaire) forms 1963 Independence is restored to Dominican Republic 1965 AFL awards its first expansion franchise (Miami Dolphins) 1976 St Louis Cards beat San Diego Chargers 20-10 in Tokyo (NFL expo) 1977 Yankees blow 9-4 lead in 9th but beat Chicago 11-10 in bottom of 9th 1981 Highest score in World Cup soccer match (New Zealand-13, Fiji-0) 1984 LA federal jury acquits auto maker John Z DeLorean on cocaine charges 1984 Largest harness racing purse ($2,161,000-Nihilator wins $1,080,500) 1984 NASA launches Ampte 1985 Singer Madonna weds actor Sean Penn 1986 Madonna’s “True Blue,” album goes #1 for 5 weeks & her single “Papa Don’t Preach,” goes #1 for 2 weeks 1987 156 die as Northwest Flight 255 crashes at take off in Detroit 1987 Astrological Harmonic Convergence-Dawn of New Age 1987 NY Mets beat Chicago Cubs, 23-9 1988 IBM introduces software for artificial intelligence 1988 Jailed black nationalist Nelson Mandela struck with tuberculosis 1988 Mayor Koch says he plans to wipe out street-corner windshield washers 1989 Roger Kingdom of USA sets the 110m hurdle record (12.92) in Zurich 1990 Iraq orders 4000 Britons & 2500 Americans in Kuwait to Iraq 1991 President Bush declares the recession is near an end
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 2, in history.
257 St Stephen I ends his reign as Catholic Pope 640 Severinus ends his reign as Catholic Pope 686 John V ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1375 First roller skating rink opens (London) 1492 Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella 1776 Formal signing of the Declaration of Independence 1798 British under Adm Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile 1819 First parachute jump in US 1832 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sac & Fox indians, end Black Hawk War 1832 Black Hawk defeated (IA) 1832 Whites decimate Indians in Battle of Bad Axe River, Wisc 1858 First street mailboxes-Boston, Mass 1864 2nd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens 1873 First trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones 1877 SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes 1903 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey 1906 Chicago White Sox begin record 19 game win streak 1909 First Lincoln head pennies minted 1909 Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers 1914 Sherlock Holmes Adventure “His Last Bow” takes place 1929 Phillies Don Hurst sets NL record of 6 consecutive games with a HR 1932 Charlie Grimm replaces Roger Hornsby as manager of Chicago Cubs 1934 First airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it 1934 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour 1938 First test of a yellow baseball (Dodgers vs Cardinals) 1939 Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers 1941 Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia 1943 PT-109 rammed & sunk 1959 Milwaukee Brave Bill Bruton hits 2 bases loaded triples 1961 Beatles 1st gig as house band of Liverpool’s Cavern Club 1961 St Louis Cards (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 36-7 in Toronto 1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m 1964 North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in Gulf of Tonkin 1964 Race riot in Jersey City NJ 1965 Morley Safer’s sends 1st Vietnam report indicating we are losing 1966 Radio Vila (New Hebrides) begins transmitting 1967 New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season game, they lose to LA Rams 16-77 1967 US’s Lunar Orbiter 5 launched; enters lunar orbit Aug 5 1972 Gold hits record $70 an ounce in London 1975 Billy Martin named manager of NY Yankees (1st time) 1979 Gilda Radner Live From New York opens on Broadway 1980 US swimmers set 3 world records at National championships 1983 STS-8 vehicle moves to launch pad 1983 US District Court begins trying Yonkers accuse of race discrimination 1985 5 die in a train crash in Westminster Colo 1985 NASA launches space vehicle S-209 1986 Jackie Joyner-Kersee (US) sets record for heptathlon (7161 pts) 1986 TODAY/PC born today 1987 Cin Red Eric Davis becomes 7th & earliest 30 HR 30 steal man 1987 Don Brown sets flight record for handbow (1,336 yds 1’3″) 1987 Kevin Seitzer (KC Royals), gets 6 hits in one baseball game 1987 Michael Andretti runs fastest Indy car race in history (171.49 MPH) 1988 Raymond Acevedo is retired from singing group Menudo 1988 System Enhancement Assoc settles case with PKware (ARC vs PKARC) 1989 NASA confirmed Voyager 2’s discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2, 1989 N3 & 1989 N24 1990 Iraq invades & occupies Kuwait 1991 Funk singer Rick James, arrested on sexual torture charges 1991 Hedy Lamaar is arrested for shoplifting in LA 1991 Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) launched
Jody Victor: here’s what happened on this day, July 27, in history.
432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1501 Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral 1586 Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia 1661 Parliament confirms the Navigation Act 1689 Jacobite Scottish Highlanders defeat royal force at Killiecrankie 1694 Bank of England chartered 1789 Congress establishes Dept of Foreign Affairs (State dept) 1816 Fort Blount on Apalachicola Bay Fla, attacked by US Troops 1836 Adelaide, South Australia founded 1837 US Mint opens in Charlotte, NC 1844 Fire destroys the US mint at Charlotte, NC 1861 Union Gen George McClellan took command of Potamic Army 1862 Steamer “Golden Gate” burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico 1866 Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long) 1879 C H F Peters discovers asteroid #200 Dynamene 1880 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson was wounded, breaks out 1897 37.5 cm (14.75″) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record) 1898 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Dancing Men” (BG) 1905 J Palisa discovers asteroid #569 Misa 1908 A Kopff discovers asteroid #668 Dora 1909 Orville Wright tests first US Army airplane, flying 1h12m 1918 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY 1919 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured) 1920 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America’s Cup 1924 8th Olympic games closes in Paris 1933 G Van Biesbroeck discovers asteroid #1312 Vassar 1933 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1284 Latvia 1940 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts 1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China 1944 First British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor) 1944 US regains possession of Guam from Japanese 1946 Red Sox Rudy York hits 2 grand slams in 1 game 1947 Yogi Berra starts record 148 game errorless streak 1949 Havilland Comet 40-passenger airliner makes maiden flight 1953 Armistice signed ending Korean War 1954 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries 1955 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation 1955 Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1751 Herget 1960 VP Nixon nominated for president at Republican convention in Chicago 1962 Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission 1962 Martin Luther King Jr jailed in Albany Georgia 1968 Race Riot in Gary Indiana 1969 Pioneer 10 launched 1972 NHL star Maurice “Rocket” Richard signs with WHL Quebec Nordiques 1973 Walter Blum becomes 6th jockey to ride 4,000 winners 1974 House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment 1976 8.2 Tangshan earthquake kills estimated 240,000 Chinese 1977 John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US 1982 Indian PM Indira Gandhi 1st visit to US in almost 11 years 1987 John Demjanjuk, accused Nazi “Ivan the Terrible” testifies in Israel 1988 Boston’s worst traffic jam in 30 years 1988 Radio Shack announces the Tandy 1000 SL computer 1989 Atlanta Brave Dale Murphy is 10th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th) 1990 Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop 1991 Rocker Jani Lane, (Warrant-Cherry Pie) marries model Bobbie Brown 1991 TV Guide publishes it’s 2000th edition