Once Upon A Time….

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 27, in history.

1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000
1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola
1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British
1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification
1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence
1821 Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
1825 Railroad transportation is born with 1st track in England
1854 Steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard
1863 Jo Shelby’s calvery in action at Moffat’s Station, Arkansas
1877 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
1881 Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small “crowd” of 12
1894 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
1905 First published blues composition goes on sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues
1905 Boston’s Bill Dinneen no-hits Chic White Sox, 2-0
1910 First test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France)
1919 Democratic National Committee votes to admit women
1919 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs
1921 Yanks beat Indians 21-7 in Polo Grounds
1923 Lou Gehrig’s 1st homer
1928 US recognizes Nationalist Chinese government
1930 Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf
1930 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn’t handle the ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St Louis Browns
1931 Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game
1937 First Santa Claus school opens (Albion NY)
1938 Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched at Glasgow
1939 Warsaw, Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces
1940 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller
1941 First WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched
1942 NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down
1942 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of the season
1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis
1953 Bert Bechichar, Baltimore Colts, kicks a 56-yard field goal
1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan
1954 School integration begins in Wash DC & Baltimore Md public schools
1954 Steve Allen’s “Tonight Show” premiers
1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit
1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, kills nearly 5,000
1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN
1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles
1963 At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000
1964 Phillies 7th straight loses sends them into 2nd place
1964 Warren Commission released, finding Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
1967 Phillies Jim Bunning ties NL record of 5, 1-0 losses in a year
1968 Cardinal’s super pitcher Bob Gibson’s 13th shutout of the year
1970 Ken Boswell sets 2nd baseman record of 85 games without an error
1972 First game at Nassau Coliseum, Rangers beat Islanders 6-4 (exhibition)
1973 Nolan Ryan strikesout his 383rd batter of the year
1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days)
1977 Phillies clinch 2nd straight NL East Division title
1979 Congress’ final approval to create Dept of Education
1980 WHOT (Bkln NY pirate radio station) begins on 1620 AM & 92.5 FM
1982 John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show
1985 Hurricane Gloria’s 130 MPH wind hits the Atlantic coast
1986 Senate joins House of Reps voting for sweeping tax reforms
1987 NFL players’ strike
1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story
1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not Christ`s burial cloth
1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes
1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash
1990 A gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkley Calif
1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly
1990 Senate Judiciary committee approves Souter’s Supreme Court nomination
1990 Tour de France champion Greg LeMond visits White House
1991 “Princesses” premiers on CBS TV
1991 President Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert
1991 First scheduled NHL exhibition game in St Petersburg Florida, is cancelled due to poor ice conditions (NY Islanders vs Boston Bruins)

Jody Victor

Those Were The Days

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 20, in history.

622 Mohammad’s Hegira
1519 Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of the world
1565 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Fla & massacre the French
1664 Maryland enacts 1st anti-amaglmation law to prevent widespread intermarriage of English women & black men
1777 Paoli massacre
1792 French defeat Prussians at Valmy
1797 US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
1830 First National Black convention meets (Phila)
1850 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
1854 British & French defeat Russians at Alma, in the Crimea
1859 Patent granted on the electric range
1860 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (King Edward VII)
1863 Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tenn, ends
1873 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure)
1877 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)
1879 President US Grant comes to SF for elaborate extended visit
1881 Chester A Arthur sworn in as president
1884 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for Pres & VP
1902 Chic White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
1907 Pitts Nick Maddox no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-1
1908 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith 2nd no-hitter, beats Phila 1-0
1911 Yankees set team record 12 errors in a double header
1933 Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2
1942 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
1945 German rocket engineers begin work in US
1948 Mexican Baseball league disbanded
1949 Tennis player Pancho Gonzales turns professional
1951 First North Pole jet crossing
1951 Ford Frick elected commissioner of baseball
1954 First FORTRAN computer program run
1954 First National People’s Congress adopts Chinese constitution
1954 Roger Bannister awarded Britain’s Silver Pears Trophy
1958 Baltimore Oriole knuckler Hoyt Wilhelm no-hits NY Yankees 1-0
1958 Martin Luther King Jr stabbed in chest by a deranged black woman in NYC
1960 UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations)
1961 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls
1961 Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26
1962 James Meredith is blocked from entering Miss U as its 1st black
1964 Paramount theater (NYC) presented the Beatles & Steve & Eydie
1966 US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23
1967 Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38
1968 Mickey Mantle hits final career homer # 536
1969 Pittsburgh Pirate Bob Moose no-hits NY Giants, 4-0
1970 Luna 16 lands on Moon’s Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample
1972 Police find cannabis growing on Paul & Linda McCartney’s farm
1973 Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match
1973 Willie Mays announces retirement at end of 1973 season
1975 David Bowie’s “Fame,” single goes #1 for 2 weeks
1975 Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28¬” draw
1976 Playboy releases Jimmy Carter’s interview that he lusts for women
1976 Sid Berstein offers $230 million charity concert for Beatle reunion
1977 Voyager 2 launched for fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
1979 Bloodless coup in Central African Rep overthrows Emperor Bokassa I
1979 NASA launches HEAO
1980 Plaque dedicated in Thurman Munson’s memory at Yankee Stadium
1980 Spectacular Bid runs in Belmont alone as 3 horses drop out
1981 Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal
1982 NFL players begin a 57 day strike
1983 3,112 turn out to see the Pirates play the NY Mets at Shea Stadium
1984 Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut
1985 Curtis Strong is convicted for selling cocaine to pro baseball players
1985 Walt Disney World’s 200-millionth guest
1986 Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State
1987 Alain Prost wins record 28th Formula one auto race
1987 Walter Payton scores NFL record 107th rushing touchdown
1990 Both Germanys ratify reunification
1990 Saddam Hussein demands US networks broadcast his message

Jody Victor

Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: here’s what happened on this day, July 27, in history.

432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1501 Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral
1586 Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia
1661 Parliament confirms the Navigation Act
1689 Jacobite Scottish Highlanders defeat royal force at Killiecrankie
1694 Bank of England chartered
1789 Congress establishes Dept of Foreign Affairs (State dept)
1816 Fort Blount on Apalachicola Bay Fla, attacked by US Troops
1836 Adelaide, South Australia founded
1837 US Mint opens in Charlotte, NC
1844 Fire destroys the US mint at Charlotte, NC
1861 Union Gen George McClellan took command of Potamic Army
1862 Steamer “Golden Gate” burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico
1866 Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
1879 C H F Peters discovers asteroid #200 Dynamene
1880 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson was wounded, breaks out
1897 37.5 cm (14.75″) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
1898 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Dancing Men” (BG)
1905 J Palisa discovers asteroid #569 Misa
1908 A Kopff discovers asteroid #668 Dora
1909 Orville Wright tests first US Army airplane, flying 1h12m
1918 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
1919 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
1920 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America’s Cup
1924 8th Olympic games closes in Paris
1933 G Van Biesbroeck discovers asteroid #1312 Vassar
1933 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1284 Latvia
1940 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts
1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China
1944 First British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
1944 US regains possession of Guam from Japanese
1946 Red Sox Rudy York hits 2 grand slams in 1 game
1947 Yogi Berra starts record 148 game errorless streak
1949 Havilland Comet 40-passenger airliner makes maiden flight
1953 Armistice signed ending Korean War
1954 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
1955 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation
1955 Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1751 Herget
1960 VP Nixon nominated for president at Republican convention in Chicago
1962 Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission
1962 Martin Luther King Jr jailed in Albany Georgia
1968 Race Riot in Gary Indiana
1969 Pioneer 10 launched
1972 NHL star Maurice “Rocket” Richard signs with WHL Quebec Nordiques
1973 Walter Blum becomes 6th jockey to ride 4,000 winners
1974 House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment
1976 8.2 Tangshan earthquake kills estimated 240,000 Chinese
1977 John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US
1982 Indian PM Indira Gandhi 1st visit to US in almost 11 years
1987 John Demjanjuk, accused Nazi “Ivan the Terrible” testifies in Israel
1988 Boston’s worst traffic jam in 30 years
1988 Radio Shack announces the Tandy 1000 SL computer
1989 Atlanta Brave Dale Murphy is 10th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th)
1990 Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop
1991 Rocker Jani Lane, (Warrant-Cherry Pie) marries model Bobbie Brown
1991 TV Guide publishes it’s 2000th edition

Jody Victor

It Happened On this Day

Jody Victor: Let’s go back in time to see what happened on this day, February 16, in history.

0374 9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet
0600 Pope Gregory the Great decrees saying “God bless You” is the correct response to a sneeze
1349 Jews are expelled from Burgsdorf Switzerland
1486 Diet of Frankfort
1512 Battle at Valeggio French troops beat Venetianen
1559 Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
1641 English king Charles I accept Triennial Act
1655 Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker
1659 First known check (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey)
1666 Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty
1677 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested/confined in London Tower
1741 Benjamin Franklin’s General Magazine (2nd US Magazine) begins publishing
1742 Earl of Wilmington becomes British premier
1751 First publication of Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard”
1760 Native American hostages killed in Ft Prince George SC
1771 Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
1777 Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
1804 Lieutenant Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate “Philadelphia” after pirates seized it
1824 Athenaeum founded
1832 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches St-Pauls (1ºN, 29ºW)
1838 Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
1840 American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
1846 Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
1854 Franz Liszts symphony “Orpheus” premieres
1857 Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms (Washington DC)
1860 Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns
1862 Ft Donelson captured by General Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
1864 Battle of Mobile, AL – operations by Union Army
1868 Benevolent & Protective Order of the Elks founded in New York
1878 Silver dollar became US legal tender
1880 American Society of Mechanical Engineers founded, New York NY
1883 “Ladies Home Journal” begins publication
1887  First newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
1887 Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
1892 The opera “Werther” is produced (Vienna)
1894 British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
1899 Pelham Warner scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (England vs South Africa Johannesburg)
1900 First Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes 1st issue (Chung Sai Yat Po-San Francisco)
1900 Stanley Cup Montréal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
1903 -59º F (-51º C), Pokegama Dam MN (state record)
1905 First US Esperanto club organizes in Boston
1909 First subway car with side doors goes into service (New York NY)
1909 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
1912 VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
1913 President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico
1914 First airplane flight from to Los Angeles from San Francisco
1915 Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack; He sits out 1915 season
1916 Russian troops conquer Erzurum Armenia
1917 First synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
1918 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
1923 Howard Carter finds Pharoah Tutankhamen
1923 Allies accept Latvia’s occupation of Memel territory
1923 US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1923 US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1926 Suzanne Lenglen defeats Helen Wills in Tennis at Cannes France
1927 Noël Coward’s “Marquise” premieres in London
1927 US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey
1929 KID-AM in Idaho Falls ID begins radio transmissions
1931 Extreme right wing Svinhufvud becomes President of Finland
1932 First patent issued for a tree, to James Markham for a peach tree
1933 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against Nazis/communists
1933 England regains the Ashes, thanks to bodyline tactics
1936 4th Winter Olympics games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
1936 Spanish Frente Popular (People’s Front) wins elections
1937 DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
1937 Jean Anouilh’s “Le Voyageur Sans Baggage” premieres in Paris
1938 US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
1940 British search plane finds German Altmark off Norway
1942 German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
1943 -32º F (-36º C), Falls Village CT (state record)
1943 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gets pneumonia
1943 Red army conquers Kharkov
1943 Sign on Munich facade “Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!” done by “White Rose” student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
1943 Withdrawing Africa Corps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa
1945 US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
1945 Venezuela declares war on Nazi-Germany
1946 First commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport CT
1946 “Duchess Misbehaves” closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 5 performances
1947 Morton Gould’s 3rd Symphony, premieres
1948 Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
1948 First newsreel telecast, “20th Century Fox-Movietone News” shown on NBC
1950 Longest-running prime-time game show, “What’s My Line” begins on CBS
1950 Writers fail to elect anyone to Baseball’s Hall of Fame
1951 NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing
1951 San Francisco City Hall dome fire
1952 Hall of Famer Honus Wagner, 77, retires; Pirates retire his #33
1952 Ian Craig makes New South Wales cricket debut aged 16 years 249 days (New South Wales record)
1954 WNEM TV channel 5 in Bay City MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 Britain abolishes the death penalty
1958 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1959 Fidel Castro named himself Cuba’s premier after overthrowing Batista
1959 Leonard Spigelgass’ “Majority of One” premieres in New York NY
1960 US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip
1961 First all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island VA
1961 China uses it’s 1st nuclear reactor
1961 US satellite Explorer 9 is launched
1962 Darius Milhaud’s 12th Symphony, premieres
1962 US Open Tennis Jimmy Bostwick defeats brother Pete to win
1963 First round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US)
1963 Beatles top British rock charts with “Please, Please Me”
1963 C & A Building in Amsterdam burns down
1964 Beatles’ 2nd appearance on “Ed Sullivan Show”
1964 “Foxy” opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances
1965 “Baker Street” opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 313 performances
1965 Pegasus 1 launched to detect micro-meteors
1966 Bob Cowper makes 307 vs England at the MCG, 727 minute s, 20 fours
1966 End of Wally Grout’s Test Cricket career, 187 dismissals as Australia WK
1966 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
1967 Red Ruffing selected to Hall of Fame
1968 Beatles George Harrison & John Lennon & wives fly to India for transcendental meditation study with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
1968 Country’s 1st 911 phone system went into service in Haleyville AL
1968 Elvis Presley receives gold record for “How Great Thou Art”
1970 Joe Frazier KOs Jimmy Ellis in 5 for undisputed heavyweight boxing crown
1972 First NBA to score 30,000 points (Wilt Chamberlain in 940 games)
1972 German mass murderers “Three of Breda” freed
1972 Test Cricket debut of Lawrence Rowe West Indies vs New Zealand Kingston, 214 & 100
1972 Wilt Chamberlain hit 30,000 point mark during a game with Phoenix Suns
1973 West Indies vs Australia at Kingston, 1st time since 1955 without Sobers
1975 Washington Capitals 1st NHL shutout, beating Kansas City Scouts 3-0
1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1978 First Computer Bulletin Board System (Ward & Randy’s CBBS, Chicago)
1979 George Harrison releases “Blow Away”
1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1980 Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France
1980 Eric Heiden skates 5k in 7 02.29 (Olympics Record)
1982 Assembled STS-3 vehicle moves from Vandenberg AFB to launch pad
1982 Lee Majors & Farrah Fawcett Majors divorce
1982 Agatha Barbara elected as 1st female President of Malta
1984 Bill Johnson becomes 1st American to win Olympics downhill skiing gold
1984 New Jersey Devils 1st OT goal, Jan Ludvig beats Hartford Whalers 6-5
1985 Largest NBA crowd to date, 43,816, sees Philadelphia at Detroit
1985 New Jersey Devils score their fastest hat trick in 42 seconds
1985 Livingston Bramble defeats Ray “Boom Boom” Mancini to win WBA champion
1986 Mário Soares (Socialist) elected Portugal’s 1st civilian president
1986 “Uptown… It’s Hot!” closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 24 performances
1986 French air force bombs Ouadi Doum airport in Chad
1986 Hein Vergeer becomes world champion skater
1986 Karlstad skates world record 10 km (14:12.14)
1987 John Demjanjuk, accused of being “Ivan the Terrible” trial begins
1988 First documented combat action by US military advisors in El Salvador
1989 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan & North Yemen form common market
1989 Jane Fonda & Tom Hayden separate after 16 years of marriage
1989 Roger Clemens, Red Sox pitcher signs record $7.5M-3 year contract
1989 Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs $7.9M-3 year contract
1989 William Hayden becomes governor-General of Australia
1991 Dutch PPR, Political Party Radicals, disbands
1991 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding
1992 Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue
1992 Los Angeles Lakers retire Magic Johnson’s #32 uniform
1993 Sandra Völker swims world record 50 meter backstroke (28.33 seconds)
1994 6.5 earthquake strikes SE Sumatra, kills 200
1994 Johann Olav Koss skates world record 1500 meter (1:51.29)
1994 Premier Alfonso Bustamente ends government in Peru
1996 Gary Kirsten scores 188 for South Africa vs UAE at Rawalpindi
1997 At age 25, Jeff Gordon is youngest winner in Daytona 500 history
1997 GTE Suncoast Senior Golf Classic
1997 Paul Stankowski wins Hawaiian Golf Open
1997 Terry-Jo Myers wins LPGA Los Angeles Women’s Championship
1998 Tellabs Inc acquires Coherent Communications Systems for $670 million

Jody Victor