Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, October 4, in history.

1582 Last day of the Julian calendar in Italy, many Catholic countries
1636 First code of law for Plymouth Colony
1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen
1777 Battle of Germantown
1824 Mexico becomes a republic
1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
1862 Battle of Corinth ends
1864 National black convention meets (Syracuse NY)
1864 New Orleans Tribune, first black daily newspaper, forms
1883 Orient Express’ 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “The Problem of Thor Bridge” (BG)
1901 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America’s Cup
1906 Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year
1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
1912 Nicaraguan Gen Zeledon, opponent of US occupation, is executed
1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
1916 Market Street’s “Path of Gold” lit for 1st time
1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hrs). Referee overturns the decision
1924 NY Giants become 1st team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series (World Series #21)
1926 Dahlia is officially designated as SF city flower
1928 25th World Series begins, NY Yankees vs St Louis Cardinals
1931 The comic strip Dick Tracy by Chester Gould debuts
1940 Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps
1940 Wrestling returns to Madison Sq Garden after 12 year lay off
1944 The St Louis World Series-Cards vs Browns – St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance (World Series #41)
1948 Cleveland Indians beat Red Sox, 8-0, in 1st AL playoff game
1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58«% to keep blacks out
1955 Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory, beating Yankees in 7 (World Series #52) 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
1957 “Leave It to Beaver,” debuts on CBS
1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite
1958 5th French republic established
1958 Transatlantic coml jet passenger service began (BOAC)
1959 First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA)
1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon’s far side
1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300 m
1962 Whitey Ford’s world series 33 2/3 scoreless inning streak ends World Series #59)
1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
1964 3 cars of a commuter train derail in South Africa killing 81
1964 Patriots’ Gino Cappelletti kicks 6-of-6 field goals against Broncos
1964 St Louis Cards clinch NL pennant
1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN)
1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon
1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1967 First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers (World Series #64)
1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters
1969 Baseball’s 1st divisional playoff games, Mets beat Braves 9-5 & Orioles beat Twins 4-3 in 12 innings
1970 Jan Stenerud of Kansas City Chiefs kicks 55-yard field goal
1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
1971 Borden’s opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World
1974 John Lennon releases “Walls & Bridges” album
1976 Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns due to telling a racial joke
1977 Pier 39 opens in SF
1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I
1981 Pasakevi Kouna of Greece (9) is youngest intl gymnastics participant
1983 Richard Noble reaches record 1019 kph in jet-powered car
1984 US government closes down due to budget problems
1984 Yankees clinch AL East
1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia
1985 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley
1987 First “Scrub Sunday” of NFL football with replacement players
1987 Blues Jays lose final 7 games allowing Tigers to win the AL pennant
1987 James Jefferson of Winnipeg scores 2 TDs on interception returns without making an interception. (He scored on laterals)
1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid
1990 Regional elections held, in what was East Germany
1991 NHL NY Rangers trade Bernie Nichols to Edmonton for Mark Messier

Jody Victor

Today In History

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, May 31, in history.

0070 Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
1417 Jacoba van Bavarian becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen
1495 Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League
1531 “Women’s Revolt” in Amsterdam: wool house in churchyard aborted
1564 Battle on Gotland: Lübeck & Denmark beat Sweden
1621 Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night
1634 US colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
1659 Netherlands, England & France sign Treaty of The Hague
1665 Jerusalem’s rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah
1678 Lady Godiva rides naked through Coventry in a protest of taxes
1696 John Salomonsz elected chief of Saint-Eustatius
1727 France, England & Netherlands sign accord of Paris
1744 French troops conquer Kortrijk
1790 US copyright law enacted
1821 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
1837 Astor Hotel (most elaborate in US) opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
1847 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
1849 Last edition of Orange sheet “Journal de La Haye”
1853 Elisha Kane’s Arctic expedition leaves New York aboard the Advance
1859 Philadelphia A’s organize to play “town ball” became baseball 20 years later
1861 General Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
1861 Mint at New Orleans closes
1862 Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks); North defeats South
1864 Raid at Morgan’s Kentucky
1868 First Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
1868 Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
1870 Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
1870 E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
1878 German battleship Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed
1878 US Congress accept decrease in dollar circulation
1879 First electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
1879 Madison Square Garden opens its doors
1880 League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
1883 French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
1884 Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents “flaked cereal”
1889 Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Pennsylvania
1891 Work on trans-Siberian railway begins
1899 Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park
1899 Conference of Bloemfontein fails
1900 British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
1900 Piet de Law captures Lieutenant-Colonel Spragges Irish Yeomanry
1900 Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
1900 US troops arrive in Peking, help put down Boxer Rebellion
1902 Australia Cricket all out 36 vs England, Edgbaston, their lowest ever
1902 Boer War Ends; Treaty of Vereeniging signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
1905 Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger
1906 Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria von Battenberg in Madrid
1907 Taxis 1st began running in NYC
1908 Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
1909 First NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)
1910 Cape of Good Hope becomes part of the Union of South Africa
1910 Glenn Curtiss flies from Albany to NYC
1912 US marines land on Cuba
1913 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
1913 Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
1914 Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleveland Indians, 6-1
1915 An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
1916 Battle of Skagerrak: British-German sea battle at Jutland (10,000 dead)
1916 British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6
1916 During WWI British & German fleets fight Battle of Jutland
1917 First jazz record released (Dark Town Strutters Ball)
1919 First wedding held in an aircraft (over Houston TX)
1919 NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
1921 Suffy McInnis (1st base) begins an errorless string of 1,700 chances
1923 China & USSR exchange diplomats
1926 Portuguese President Bernardino Machedo resigns after coup
1926 Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia
1927 Detroit Tiger 1st baseman Johnny Neun makes an unassisted triple play
1927 Ford Motor Company produces last “Tin Lizzie” (begins Model A)
1928 First aerial cross of the Pacific takes off from Oakland
1928 Charlie Hallows scores his 1,000th run of Cricket season
1929 Atlantic City Convention Center opens
1930 Bradman gets his 1,000th run of the English Cricket season
1930 Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium
1930 Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 astronomical units (AUs) of Earth
1935 Quake kills 50,000 in Quetta Pakistan
1937 First quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
1937 Brooklyn Dodgers snap New York Giant Carl Hubbell’s 24-game winning streak
1937 German battleships bomb Almeria Spain
1938 Bill Edrich scores his 1,000th run of cricket season, all at Lord’s
1940 General-Major Bernard Montgomery leaves Dünkirchen
1940 Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies to Paris
1941 First issue of “Parade” goes on sale
1941 32.0 cm rain falls on Burlington KS (state record)
1941 41 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)
1941 British troops vacate Kreta
1941 German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach & swimming pools
1942 25th PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Seaview CC Atlantic City NJ
1942 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury
1943 “Archie” comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
1943 Cardinals Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
1944 Allied breakthrough in Italy
1947 79th Belmont Stakes: Ruperto Donoso aboard Phalanx wins in 2:29.6
1947 Communists grab power in Hungary
1947 Eastern DC-4 crashes between Port Deposit & Perryville MD, kills 53
1947 Italian Government of Gasperi forms
1948 Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
1949 31st PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Hermitage CC Richmond VA
1949 Charley Lupica begins stay on 4-foot-square platform platform atop a 60′ pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don’t, and he comes down 117 days later)
1950 Due to rain, Indianapolis 500 shortened to 345 miles, Johnny Parson wins
1950 Laker takes 14-12-2-8 in Test Cricket trial
1951 Netherlands & South Africa sign cultural accord
1953 Lebanese President Camille Shamun disbands government
1953 WSUN TV channel 38 in St Petersburg-Tampa FL (IND) 1st broadcast
1955 Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
1955 Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to railroad strike
1955 Supreme Court orders school integration “with all deliberate speed”
1956 Mickey Mantle homerun just misses clearing Yankee Stadium’s roof
1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
1958 Dick Dale invents “surf music” with “Let’s Go Trippin”
1958 US performs nuclear test at Bikini Island (atmospheric tests)
1959 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Cavalier Golf Open
1961 Benfica wins 6th Europe Cup 1 at Bern
1961 Chuck Berry’s amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, opens
1961 Dominican Republic President Trujillo assassinated
1961 JFK visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris
1961 Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Education of New Rochelle, to integrate
1961 Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaving the Commonwealth
1962 “Tell It To Groucho” last airs on CBS-TV
1964 Charles Schmid kills first Pied Piper victim
1964 Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1964 San Fransisco Giants beat New York Mets, 8-6, in 23 innings (2nd game) (7 hours 32 minutes)
1965 Jim Clark becomes 1st foreigner in 49 years to win Indianapolis 500
1967 Bayern München wins 7th Europe Cup II at Neurenberg
1969 “Dear World” closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 132 performances
1969 “Gitarzan” by Ray Stevens peaks at #8
1969 John Lennon & Yoko Ono record “Give Peace a Chance”
1969 Stevie Wonder releases “My Cherie Amour”
1970 At 03:23 PM, Yungay Peru levelled by 7.75 earthquake (50-70,000 die)
1970 KDUB TV channel 40 in Dubuque IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1970 Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA O’Sullivan Ladies’ Golf Open
1971 WDXR (now WKPD) TV channel 29 in Paducah KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 Ajax wins Europe Cup 1 in Rotterdam
1973 Glenn Turner scores his 1,000th cricket run of English season
1974 Israel & Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights
1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 “Goodtime Charley” closes at Palace Theater NYC after 104 performances
1975 Fred Newman makes 12,874 baskets in a one-day exhibition
1976 Loudest PA (76 KW) for Who’s Quadrophenia in London
1977 “Beatlemania” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 920 performances
1977 Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani becomes heir apparent to throne of Qatar
1977 Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed
1979 “I Remember Mama” opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 108 performances
1979 Radio City Music Hall (NYC) reopens
1979 Zimbabwe proclaims independence
1980 “Love Stinks” by J Geils Band peaks at #38
1980 Police & youthful rebels battle in Zurich
1981 Cathy Reynolds wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championship
1982 “Best Little Whorehouse in Texas” opens at Eugene O’Neill NYC for 63 performances
1983 37th NBA Championship: Philadelphia 76ers sweep Los Angeles Lakers in 4 games
1984 57th National Spelling Bee: Daniel Greenblatt wins spelling luge
1984 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 Viv Richards hits 189 (170 balls) vs England, ODI cricket record
1985 41 Tornados in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York & Canada kill 88 & injure more than 1,000
1985 Guatemala adopts constitution
1985 New Orleans Saints are sold for $70,204,000
1987 Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1987 Saul Ballesteros drives 3 golf balls off Mount McKinley, Alaska
1987 Stanley Cup: Edmonton Oilers beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 3
1989 “Rambling with Gambling” 20,000th radio program on WOR-AM (NYC)
1989 First International Rock Awards
1989 Speaker of the House Jim Wright resigns
1990 63rd National Spelling Bee: Amy Marie Dimak wins spelling fibranne
1990 BPAA US Women’s Bowling Open won by Dana Miller-Mackie
1990 NYC’s Zodiac killer shoots 3rd victim, Joseph Ponce
1990 Seinfeld starring Jerry Seinfeld, debuts on NBC as Seinfeld Chronicles
1991 Oldest bride – Minnie Munro, 102, weds Dudley Reid, 83, in Australia
1991 Sides in Angola sign a treaty ending 16 year civil war
1992 46th Tony Awards: Dancing at Lughnasa & Crazy For You win
1992 5th Children’s Miracle Network Telethon raises $1,060,000
1992 Barb Mucha wins LPGA Oldsmobile Golf Classic
1993 President Dobrica Cosic of little Yugoslavia flees
1994 Padres score 13 in 2nd vs Pirates
1996 Mark Van Thillo & Abigail Alling, former biospherian win $100,000 lawsuit against Biospheric Development for Space Biospheres Ventures
1997 “Once Upon a Mattress” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 187 performances
1997 Donovan Bailey beats Michael Johnson in 150 meter race

Jody Victor