Once Upon A Time….

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 27, in history.

1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000
1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola
1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British
1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification
1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence
1821 Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
1825 Railroad transportation is born with 1st track in England
1854 Steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard
1863 Jo Shelby’s calvery in action at Moffat’s Station, Arkansas
1877 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
1881 Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small “crowd” of 12
1894 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
1905 First published blues composition goes on sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues
1905 Boston’s Bill Dinneen no-hits Chic White Sox, 2-0
1910 First test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France)
1919 Democratic National Committee votes to admit women
1919 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs
1921 Yanks beat Indians 21-7 in Polo Grounds
1923 Lou Gehrig’s 1st homer
1928 US recognizes Nationalist Chinese government
1930 Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf
1930 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn’t handle the ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St Louis Browns
1931 Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game
1937 First Santa Claus school opens (Albion NY)
1938 Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched at Glasgow
1939 Warsaw, Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces
1940 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller
1941 First WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched
1942 NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down
1942 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of the season
1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis
1953 Bert Bechichar, Baltimore Colts, kicks a 56-yard field goal
1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan
1954 School integration begins in Wash DC & Baltimore Md public schools
1954 Steve Allen’s “Tonight Show” premiers
1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit
1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, kills nearly 5,000
1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN
1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles
1963 At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000
1964 Phillies 7th straight loses sends them into 2nd place
1964 Warren Commission released, finding Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
1967 Phillies Jim Bunning ties NL record of 5, 1-0 losses in a year
1968 Cardinal’s super pitcher Bob Gibson’s 13th shutout of the year
1970 Ken Boswell sets 2nd baseman record of 85 games without an error
1972 First game at Nassau Coliseum, Rangers beat Islanders 6-4 (exhibition)
1973 Nolan Ryan strikesout his 383rd batter of the year
1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days)
1977 Phillies clinch 2nd straight NL East Division title
1979 Congress’ final approval to create Dept of Education
1980 WHOT (Bkln NY pirate radio station) begins on 1620 AM & 92.5 FM
1982 John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show
1985 Hurricane Gloria’s 130 MPH wind hits the Atlantic coast
1986 Senate joins House of Reps voting for sweeping tax reforms
1987 NFL players’ strike
1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story
1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not Christ`s burial cloth
1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes
1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash
1990 A gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkley Calif
1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly
1990 Senate Judiciary committee approves Souter’s Supreme Court nomination
1990 Tour de France champion Greg LeMond visits White House
1991 “Princesses” premiers on CBS TV
1991 President Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert
1991 First scheduled NHL exhibition game in St Petersburg Florida, is cancelled due to poor ice conditions (NY Islanders vs Boston Bruins)

Jody Victor

Those Were The Days

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, June 7, in history.

555 Vigilius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1614 2nd parliment of King James I, disolves passing no legislation
1654 Louis XIV crowned king of France
1692 Porte Royale Jamaica slides into harbor after earthquake
1769 Daniel Boone begins exploring the Bluegrass State of Kentucky
1775 United Colonies change name to United States
1776 Richard Lee (VA) moves Decl of Independence in Continental Congress
1839 Hawaiian Declaration of Rights is signed
1860 Workmen start laying track for Market Street Railroad, SF 
           First US “dime novel” published: “Malaseka, The Indian Wife
           of the White Hunter,” by Mrs Ann Stevens
1863 Mexico City captured by French troops
1864 Abe Lincoln renominated for Pres by Republican Party
1866 Irish Fenians raid Pigeon Hill, Qu‚bec
1887 Monotype type-casting machine patented by Tolbert Lanston, Wash DC
1892 John J Doyle of Cleveland Spiders is 1st to pinch hit in a baseball game
1896 G Harpo & F Samuelson leave NY to row the Atlantic (takes 54 days)
1898 Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chic
1901 M Wolf discovers asteroid #471 Papagena
1905 Norway dissolves union with Sweden (in effect since 1814)
1909 Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens
1912 St Pius X encyclical “On the Indians of South America”
1912 US army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
1924 George Leigh-Mallory disappears 775′ from Everest’s summit
1929 Vatican City becomes a soverign state
1930 NY Times agrees to capitalize the n in “Negro”
1936 Yanks beat Indians 5-4 in 16; longest game without a strikeout
1938 First play telecast with original Broadway cast, “Susan & God”
1938 Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat 1st flown (Eddie Allen)
1939 First king & queen of England to visit US, George VI & Elizabeth
1939 Cleveland Indians sets AL record of 16 inning game without
           striking out, however lose the game 5-4 to NY Yankees
1941 Whirlaway wins the Belmont Stakes & the triple crown
1942 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island
1953 First color network telecast in compatible color, Boston, Mass
1954 First microbiology laboratory dedicated (New Brunswick NJ)
1955 “The $64,000 Question” premiers on CBS TV
1955 First President to appear on color TV (Eisenhower)
1959 KLX-AM in Oakland Calif changes call letters to KEWB (now KNEW)
1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 31,580 m
1963 First Rolling Stones TV appearance (Thank Your Lucky Stars)
           & release first single, “Come on”
1965 Gemini 4 completes 62 orbits
1967 2 Moby Grape members arrested for contributing to deliquency of minors
1967 Israel captures Wailing Wall in East Jerusalem
1968 Sirhan Sirhan indicted for Bobby Kennedy assassination
1969 Bob Dylan & Johnny Cash combine on a Grand Ole Opry TV special
1969 Tommy James & the Shondells release “Crystal Blue Persuasion”
1970 Jockey Willie Shoemaker passes Johnny Longden with his 6,033 win
1970 The Who’s Tommy is performed at NY’s Lincoln Center
1971 Soviet Soyuz 11 crew completes 1st transfer to orbiting Salyut
1972 German Chancellor Willy Brandt visits Israel
1975 Spain’s Manuel Orantes wins US Open, beating Jimmy Connors in 3 sets
1977 Anita Bryant leads successful crusade against Miami gay rights law
1978 Bullets beat Supersonics for NBA championship, 4 games to 3
1979 Bhaskara 1, Indian Earth resources/meteorology satellite, launched
1979 Rocker Chuck Berry is charged with tax evasion
1980 John McEnroe beats Bj”rn B”rg for US Open
1980 Temperance Hill wins Belmont Stakes (50:1 long shot)
1980 Tommy John wins his 200th, 3-0 on a 2-hitter
1981 Bjorn Borg wins his 6th French Open singles (defeats Ivan Lendl)
1981 Israel destroys alleged Iraqi plutonium production facility
1982 NY Mets draft Dwight Gooden, Roger McDowell & Randy Myers
1982 President Reagan meets Pope John Paul II & Queen Elizabeth
1983 A Gilmore & P Kilmartin discovers asteroid #3152
1983 Steve Carlton temporarily passes Nolan Ryan with his 3,552 strike out
1986 Madonna’s “Live to Tell,” single goes #1
1989 23 year old olympic barefoot South African runner Zola Budd retires
1989 Atlanta Fulton County Comm approves $210M stadium for the Falcons
1989 Wayne Gretzky wins his 9th NHL Hart (MVP) Trophy in 10 years 
           first Baseball game to start outdoors and end indoors, as Toronto Blue
           Jays stadium closes roof during game at 8:48, & beat Brewers 4-2
1990 Michael Jackson hospitalized for chest pains
1991 Singer Jimmy Osmond weds Michelle Larson

Jody Victor

Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor : Here’s what happened on this day, January 19, in history.

0379 Theodosius installed as co-emperor of East Roman Empire
0973 Pope Benedictus VI elected
1419 French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years War
1493 France cedes Roussillon & Cerdágne to Spain by treaty of Barcelona
1668 King Louis XIV & Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain
1714 Richard Steele publishes “The Crisis”, defending Hanoverian success
1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie’s troops occupy Stirling
1770 Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)
1793 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death
1795 Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy
1806 Britain occupies the Cape of Good Hope
1808 Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law
1810 Overnight temp at Portsmouth NH drops 50ºF (10ºC)
1825 Ezra Daggett & nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans
1829 Johann von Goethe’s “Faust, Part 1” premieres
1833 Charles Darwin reaches Straits Ponsonby, Fireland
1839 Aden conquered by British East India Company
1840 Antarctica discovered, Charles Wilkes expedition (US claim)
1853 Verdi’s opera “Il Trovatore” premieres, in Rome
1853 Napoleon III marries Eugénie de Montijo
1861 Georgia becomes 5th state to secede
1861 MS troops take Fort Massachusetts an Ship Island
1862 Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky (Fishing Creek, Logan’s Crossroads)
1863 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
1865 NV Suriname Bank established
1865 Union occupies Fort Anderson NC
1871 First Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
1884 Jules Massenet’s opera “Manon” premieres in Paris
1885 Battle at Abu Klea Sudan 800-1000 killed
1886 Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota
1898 Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
1899 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
1903 First regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US & England
1903 New bicycle race “Tour de France” announced
1906 Gerhart Hauptmann’s “Und Pippa Tanzt!” premieres in Berlin
1909 Eugene Walter’s “Easiest Way” premieres in New York City NY
1910 Germany & Bolivia ends commerce/friendship treaty
1910 National Institute of Arts & Letters incorporated by Congress
1913 Raymond Poincaré installed as President of France
1915 First German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
1915 Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
1917 Silvertown Essex’s ammunition factory explodes; 300 die
1918 Soviets disallows a Constitution Assembly
1919 “Tidal wave” of molasses 15 meters high x 25 meters wide kills dozens, Boston
1920 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
1920 US Senate votes against membership in League of Nations
1921 Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador sign Pact of Union
1922 Geological survey says US oil supply would be depleted in 20 years
1923 WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions
1925 -48ºF (-44ºC), Van Buren ME (state record)
1927 British government decides to send troops to China
1929 Acadia National Park, Maine established
1929 Clas Thunberg skates world record 500m in 42.8 seconds
1932 Charlie Conacher becomes 1st Toronto Maple Leaf to score 5 goals in a game, the 1st coming at 7 seconds of the game
1934 Kenesaw Mountain Landis denies Joe Jackson’s appeal for reinstatement
1935 KLM begins flight path between Curaçao & Aruba
1937 Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajoie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1937 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)
1938 GM began mass production of diesel engines
1939 Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin sets chicken-plucking record-4.4 seconds
1941 British offensive in Eritrea
1941 British troops occupy Kassalaf Sudan
1942 Japanese forces invade Burma
1942 Titus Brandsma (Carmelite priest) arrested by German occupiers for speaking out against Nazism as a “lie” and “pagan”
1943 Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
1947 SS Himera runs aground at Athens, kills 392
1950 Maiden flight by Canada’s Avro Canada CF-100 military plane
1952 NFL takes control of New York Yanks
1952 PGA approves allowing black participants
1953 Jesse Owens named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary
1955 “The Millionaire” TV program premieres on CBS
1955 First Presidential news conference filmed for TV (Eisenhower)
1955 “Scrabble” debuts on board game market
1956 Hoboken dedicates a plaque honoring achievements of Alexander Cartwright in organizing early baseball at Elysian Field
1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1958 Canadian Football Council renamed Canadian Football League
1960 Eisenhower & Premier Kishi sign US-Japanese Security pact
1961 First episode for “The Dick Van Dyke Show” is filmed
1964 AFL Pro Bowl West beats East 27-24
1964 KFME TV channel 13 in Fargo, ND (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 Indira Gandhi elected India’s 3rd prime minister
1966 Neil Simon, Coleman & Fields’ musical “Sweet Charity” premieres
1966 Tippett’s cantata “Vision of St Augustine” premieres in London
1967 Herr Karl Tausch writes shortest will “Vse Zene” (All to wife)
1968 WKBF TV channel 61 in Cleveland OH (IND) begins broadcasting
1969 AFL Pro Bowl West beats East 38-25
1969 Joanne Carner wins LPGA Burdine’s Golf Invitational
1969 NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 10-7
1970 UCLA fires Angela Davis for being a communist
1970 Dutch bishop says he is in favor of married priest
1970 Nixon nominates G Harrold Carswell to Supreme Court (fails)
1971 Beatles’ Helter Skelter is played at the Charles Manson trial
1971 NHL Writers’ Association renamed Professional Hockey Writers’ Association
1971 “No, No Nanette” opens at 46th St Theater New York City NY for 861 performances
1971 24th NHL All-Star Game West beat East 2-1 at Boston
1972 Sandy Koufax, Yogi Berra, & Early Wynn elected to Hall of Fame
1974 Notre Dame beats UCLA, ends NCAA-record 88-game basketball win streak
1974 Belgium government of Leburton falls
1975 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq
1975 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Colgate Golf Triple Crown
1977 President Ford pardons Iva Toguri D’Aquino (Tokyo Rose)
1977 World’s largest crowd-12.7 million-for Indian religious festival
1977 Ernie Banks elected to Hall of Fame
1978 Eddie Mathews elected to Hall of Fame
1978 Judge William H Webster appointed head of FBI
1979 John N Mitchell (former AG) released on parole from federal prison
1981 Muhammad Ali talks a despondent 21 year old out of committing suicide
1981 US & Iran sign agreement to release 52 American hostages
1982 Heater explodes at Star Elementary School-Oklahoma, kills 6 kids & teacher
1982 Australia-West Indies one-day game that produced a Privy Council libel case
1983 Klaus Barbie, SS chief of Lyon in Nazi-France, arrested in Bolivia
1984 California Supreme Court refuses to allow quadriplegic Elizabeth Bouvia to starve herself to death in a public hospital, she appeals and is later granted the right to die
1984 Francesco Moser bicycles world record time 50,808 km (he is the first man to break the 50 km/h barrier)
1985 4 die in a car & train crash in Buda IL
1985 “Born In The USA” by Bruce Springsteen peaked at #9
1986 Cerebral Palsy telethon
1986 Israeli premier Simon Peres visits Netherlands
1986 Spain recognizes Israel
1987 Guy Hunt becomes Alabama’s 1st Republican governor since 1874
1988 “48 Hours” premieres on CBS-TV
1989 President Reagan pardons George Steinbrenner for illegal funds for Nixon
1990 Test debut of Mushtaq Ahmed, vs Australia at Adelaide
1991 42nd NHL All Star Game-Campbell beats Wales 11-5 in Chicago
1991 Sergeant Slaughter defeats Ultimate Warrior for WWF championship belt
1991 48th Golden Globes Dances with Wolves
1991 Jumbo Tsuruta beats Stan Hansen to win All Japan Triple Crown title
1992 “City of Angels” closes at Virginia Theater New York City NY after 878 performances
1992 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises 23,500,000
1992 IBM announces a nearly $5B loss for 1992
1992 Nature Boy Ric Flair becomes WWF champ at Royal Rumble
1992 Rowdy Roddy Piper beats Mountie to become WWF Intercontinental Champ
1993 Israel recognizes PLO as no longer criminal
1993 Oakland A’s unveil new elephant logo
1993 Robert M Gates, ends term as 15th director of CIA
1993 STS-54 (Endeavour) lands
1994 -20ºF (-29ºC) (5 32 AM) coldest day ever recorded in Cleveland OH
1994 -36ºF (-38ºC) in New Whiteland IN (state record)
1995 Jean-Claude Juncker (28) sworn in as premier of Luxembourg
1996 NHL approves move of Winnipeg Jets to Phoenix
1997 54th Golden Globes English Patient, Brenda Blethyn & Geoffrey Rush
1997 Cerebral Palsy telethon
1997 Michelle McGann wins LPGA Healthsouth Inaugural

Jody Victor