Once Upon a Time……

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 23, in history.

1617 First one-way streets established (London)
1833 Britain abolishes slavery in colonies; 700,000 slaves freed
1838 Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Mass) 1st graduating class
1864 Fall of Fort Morgan at Mobile
1866 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
1869 First carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
1872 First Japanese coml ship visits SF, carrying tea
1883 Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
1889 First ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (SF)
1900 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)
1904 Automobile tire chain patented
1907 Pitts Howie Camnitz no-hits NY Giants, 1-0 in 5 inning game
1914 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
1917 Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)
1919 “Gasoline Alley” cartoon strip premiers in Chicago Tribune
1924 Mars’ closest approach to Earth since the 10th century
1939 USSR & Germany sign a non-agression pact
1944 Romania liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day 1944-1990)
1947 President Truman’s daughter, Margaret’s 1st public singing concert
1948 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
1950 West Germany & Japan readmitted to Intl Amateur Athletic Federation
1953 Phil Grate sets record for throwing a baseball (443’3«”)
1958 Marie Ashton completes playing piano a female record 133 hours
1960 World’s largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
1961 US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
1963 Beatles release “She Loves You” in the UK
1963 Ringo admits he wrote a song “Don’t Pass Me By”
1964 St Louis Cards are 11 games back in NL, & win the World Series
1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 takes 1st photograph of Earth from Moon
1968 Ringo quits the Beatles over a disagreement, temporarily
1968 Yankees & Tigers play 3-3 tie in 19 due to 1 AM curfew
1969 Audrey McElmory (US) wins World Cycling Championships, Brno, Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
1972 Republican convention (Miami Beach, Fla) renominates VP Agnew but not unanimous-1 vote went to NBC newsman David Brinkley)
1973 Intelsat communications satellite launched
1977 First man-powered flight of a mile (Bryan Allen in Gossamer Condor)
1977 Yankees leap frog over Red Sox « baseball game in 1st place to stay
1979 Bolshoi Ballet dancer Alexander Godunov defects in NYC
1979 UN’s Vienna office opens
1985 Said Aouita of Morroco sets the 1.5k record (3:29.46) in Berlin
1985 Paul Hornung awarded $1,160,000 by a Louisville court against NCAA who barred him as a college football analyst for betting on games
1988 Mike Tyson & Mitch Green brawl at 4 A.M. in Harlem
1989 LA Dodgers beat Montreal Expos, 1-0, in 22 innings

Jody Victor

Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: here’s what happened on this day, July 27, in history.

432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1501 Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral
1586 Sir Walter Raleigh brings 1st tobacco to England from Virginia
1661 Parliament confirms the Navigation Act
1689 Jacobite Scottish Highlanders defeat royal force at Killiecrankie
1694 Bank of England chartered
1789 Congress establishes Dept of Foreign Affairs (State dept)
1816 Fort Blount on Apalachicola Bay Fla, attacked by US Troops
1836 Adelaide, South Australia founded
1837 US Mint opens in Charlotte, NC
1844 Fire destroys the US mint at Charlotte, NC
1861 Union Gen George McClellan took command of Potamic Army
1862 Steamer “Golden Gate” burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico
1866 Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
1879 C H F Peters discovers asteroid #200 Dynamene
1880 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson was wounded, breaks out
1897 37.5 cm (14.75″) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
1898 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Dancing Men” (BG)
1905 J Palisa discovers asteroid #569 Misa
1908 A Kopff discovers asteroid #668 Dora
1909 Orville Wright tests first US Army airplane, flying 1h12m
1918 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
1919 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
1920 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America’s Cup
1924 8th Olympic games closes in Paris
1933 G Van Biesbroeck discovers asteroid #1312 Vassar
1933 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1284 Latvia
1940 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts
1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China
1944 First British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
1944 US regains possession of Guam from Japanese
1946 Red Sox Rudy York hits 2 grand slams in 1 game
1947 Yogi Berra starts record 148 game errorless streak
1949 Havilland Comet 40-passenger airliner makes maiden flight
1953 Armistice signed ending Korean War
1954 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
1955 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation
1955 Goethe Link Observatory discovers asteroid #1751 Herget
1960 VP Nixon nominated for president at Republican convention in Chicago
1962 Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission
1962 Martin Luther King Jr jailed in Albany Georgia
1968 Race Riot in Gary Indiana
1969 Pioneer 10 launched
1972 NHL star Maurice “Rocket” Richard signs with WHL Quebec Nordiques
1973 Walter Blum becomes 6th jockey to ride 4,000 winners
1974 House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment
1976 8.2 Tangshan earthquake kills estimated 240,000 Chinese
1977 John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US
1982 Indian PM Indira Gandhi 1st visit to US in almost 11 years
1987 John Demjanjuk, accused Nazi “Ivan the Terrible” testifies in Israel
1988 Boston’s worst traffic jam in 30 years
1988 Radio Shack announces the Tandy 1000 SL computer
1989 Atlanta Brave Dale Murphy is 10th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th)
1990 Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop
1991 Rocker Jani Lane, (Warrant-Cherry Pie) marries model Bobbie Brown
1991 TV Guide publishes it’s 2000th edition

Jody Victor

Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, June 21, in history.

1498 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian
1607 First Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown
1633 Galileo Galilei is forced by Inquisition to “abjure, curse, &
           detest” his Copernican heliocentric views
1684 MA Bay Colony’s charter revoked
1768 First US bachelor of medicine degree (Dr John Archer)
1788 US Constitution goes into effect as NH is 9th to ratify
1792 Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil & Mexicana off Vancouver, BC
1805 Great Stoneface Mt found in NH
1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
1834 Cyrus Hall McCormick patents reaping machine
1858 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
1869 The opera “Die Meistersinger” is produced (Munich)
1879 F W Woolworth opens 1st store (failed almost immediately)
1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria
1893 First Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago’s Columbian Exposition)
1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
1900 Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In
           bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers
1903 Sherlock Holmes “Adventure of The Mazarine Stone” takes place (BG)
1904 Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade “Dougherty as a Yankee,” 1st
           known reference to NY club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913)
1906 M Wolf discovers asteroid #601 Nerthus
1913 Tiny Broadwick becomes 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
1916 Boston Rube Forster no-hits NY Yankees, 2-0
1917 Hawaiian Red Cross founded
1919 Germans scuttle their own fleet
1923 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using the mail to defraud
1930 Ruth hits 3 HRs as Yanks blow 6-0 lead in 7th & lose 15-7
1933 First Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans
1938 Baseball’s Pinky Higgins gets 12th straight hit
1939 Doctors reveal Lou Gehrig has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
1942 129ø F (54ø C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)
1942 Rommel takes Tobruk in North Africa
1943 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit 30 dead
1945 Japanese forces on Okinawa surrender to US during WW II
1946 10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas Texas
1948 First stored computer program run, on Manchester Mark I
1948 Dr Peter Goldmark of CBS demonstrates “long playing record”
           Columbia commits to 33 1/3 rpm records, plans to phase out 78’s
1949 H L Giclas discovers asteroid #1886 Lowell
1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 75,190 m
1963 Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds John XXIII
1964 Phillies Jim Bunning pitches perfect game (Mets) on Fathers day, in
           2nd game of DH, Mets get 3 hits, 3 being fewest hits in NL DH
           3 civil rights workers-Michael H Schwerner Andrew Goodman &
           James E Chaney-disappeared after release from a Mississippi jail
1967 Yanks take 5-3 lead in 11th & lose 6-5, in 2nd game Red Sox lead
           3-2 in 9th & Yanks beat them 6-3
1968 Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren resigns
1969 First reported hearing of pirate radio WGHP (With God’s Help Peace)
1969 Zager & Evans release “In the Year 2525”
1970 Brazil wins last Jules Rimet Trophy, soccer championship
1971 50,000 attend Celebration of Life, rock concert, McCrea Louisana
1975 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth
1977 Former White House chief of staff HR Haldeman enters prison
1977 Menachem Begin (Likud), becomes Israel’s 6th PM
1981 12-bottle case of 1979 Napamedoc Cabernet wine auctioned for $24,000
1982 Paul McCartney releases “Take it Away”
1982 Wash DC jury finds John Hinckley Jr innocent by insanity
1985 American, Brazilian & West German forensic pathologists confirm
           skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were Nazi Dr Josef Mengele
1986 Heike Drechsler of East Germany long jumps 7.45 m (women’s record)
1986 Pres Reagan gives speech defending his judicial appointments
1987 Discovery rolls over from OPF to Vandenberg AFB
1987 Mike Tyson sexually harasses a parking lot attendent
1988 Los Angeles beats Detroit, for the NBA championship
1989 Carlton Fisk becomes AL catcher HR hitter, 307th at Yankee stadium
1989 Melanie Griffith & Don Johnson remarry
1989 Supreme Court rules ok to burn US flag as a political expression
1990 25,000 die in Iranian Earthquake
1990 Little Richard gets a star on Hollywood’s walk of fame
1990 NYC’s Zodiac killer shoots 4th victim, Larry Parham
1990 US House of Reps vote 254-177 to stop US flag burning, doesn’t pass
           At Yankee Stadium rally, Nelson Mandela dons a NY Yankee baseball
           cap & proclaims “I am a Yankee!”
1991 Eleanor Mondale marries Greg “Thunder” Malban (Minn DJ)
1991 Islanders Denis Potvan & Michael Bossy inducted into NHL Hall of Fame

Jody Victor

Once Upon A Time….

Jody Victor: Here;s what happened on this day, June 15, in history.

763 -BC- Assyrians record total solar eclipse event on clay tablet
1215 King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, England
1219 King Valdemar brought victory for Denmark
1381 Wat Tyler, leader of English Peasants’ Revolt, beheaded in London
1389 Battle of Kossovo; Turks defeat Serbs, Bosnians
1520 Pope threatens to toss Luther out of Catholic Church
1567 Jews are expelled from Genoa Italy
1590 Pope Leo X threatens to ex-communicate Martin Luther
1664 NJ established
1775 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army
1779 General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx
1785 2 French balloonists die in world’s 1st fatal aviation accident
1804 12th amendment ratified; deals with manner of choosing president
1836 Arkansas becomes 25th state
1844 Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber
1846 Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49ø N
1851 Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
1857 SF Water Works organized
1860 First White settlement in Idaho (Franklin)
1862 Gen JEB Stuart completes his “ride around McClellan”
1864 Battle for Petersburg begins as Gen Grant assaults Confederate line
1864 Robert E Lee’s home area (Arlington, VA) becomes a miltary cemetery
1866 C H F Peters discovers asteroid #88 Thisbe
1866 Prussia attacks Austria
1869 Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
1869 Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
1871 Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
1876 Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential cconvention
1877 Henry O Flipper becomes 1st black graduate at West Point
1878 First attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1
           picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse’s hooves leave the ground
1887 NY Giants beat Phila Phillies 29-1
1889 Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adv “The Stockbroker’s Clerk” (BG)
1894 Phillies beat Cincinatti Reds, 21-8
1896 Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku Japan
           27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured, with 13,000 houses destroyed
1902 Canada’s Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time
1902 Justin Clark of Corsicana, Tx minors hits 8 home runs in 1 game
1904 Side-wheeler “General Slocum” burns in NY’s East River (1,031 die)
1907 44 nations meet in 2nd Hague Peace Conference
1915 US government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo
1918 1″ of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
1918 50th running of Belmont Stakes (Johren wins)
1919 First nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
1924 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth automobile
1924 Native Americans are proclaimed US citizens
1925 B Jekhovsky discovers asteroid #1093 Freda
1929 First time NY curb stock exchange transacts more business than NY Exch
1933 C Jackson discovers asteroids #1278 Kenya & #1279 Uganda
1934 C Jackson discovers asteroid #1324 Knysna
1934 Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated
1934 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1322 Coppernicus
1938 First night game at Bkln Ebbets Field (Reds 6, Dodgers 0) as Cin Red
           Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecident 2nd consecutive no-hitter
1939 C Jackson discovers asteroid #1676 Kariba
1940 French fortress of Verdun captured by Germans
1944 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
1947 First night baseball game at Detroit Briggs Stadium (Tigers 4, Athletics 1)
1950 Itzigsohn discover asteroid 1581 Abanderada, 1582 Martir & 1779 Parana
1951 First coml electronic computer dedicated Phila
1951 Joe Louis scored his last knock out victory
1956 John Lennon (15) & Paul McCartney (13) meet for the 1st time as
           Lennon’s rock group The Quarrymen perform at a church dinner
1957 42.01 cm (16.54″) of rainfall, East St Louis, Ill (state record)
1957 Yankees trade Billy Martin & Ralph Terry for Ryne Duran
1960 Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichman
1962 Phillies score 10 runs in an inning against Reds en route to 13-8 win
1962 South Africa passes a bill setting death penalty for many crimes
1963 SF Giants Juan Marichal no-hits Houston Colt 45s, 1-0
1967 Gov Reagan signs liberalized California abortion bill
1968 John Lennon & Yoko Ono plant an acorn at Conventry Cathedral
1969 “Hee Haw” with Roy Clark & Buck Owens premiers on CBS TV
1971 Vernon E Jordan Jr, appointed exec director of National Urban League
1972 Rock fall inside Vierzy Tunnel (France) causes 2 train crash; 107 die
1973 “American Graffiti” opens in NYC
1976 Yankees trade May, Martinez, Pagan, MacGregor & Demsey to Baltimore
           for Holtzman, Alexander, Grant Jackson, Elrod Henrick & Jim Freeman
1977 Spain’s 1st free elections since 1936
1978 Jordan’s King Hussein marries Elizabeth Halaby, 26-yr-old American
1978 Soyuz 29 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6; they stay 139 days
1979 First space shuttle SRB qualification test firing; 122 seconds
1980 Jorge Orta of Cleveland gets 6 hits in a baseball game
1982 Riots in Argentina after Falklands/Malvinas defeat
1983 Supreme Court struck down state & local restrictions on abortion
1984 Thomas Hearns KOs Roberto Duran
1985 En route to Halley’s Comet, USSR’s Vega 2 drops lander on Venus
1986 Pravda announces high-level Chernobyl staff fired for stupidity
1988 NASA launches space vehicle S-213
1989 Balt Orioles pull their 9th triple play (vs Yankees)
1989 Ronald Reagan is knighted by Queen Elizabeth
1990 “Dick Tracy” with Warren Beatty & Madonna premiers
1991 Philippines volcano Mount Pinatubo errupts
1992 Ghana Airways inaugurates flights to JFK Airport (NYC)

Jody Victor

Those Were The Days

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, June 7, in history.

555 Vigilius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1614 2nd parliment of King James I, disolves passing no legislation
1654 Louis XIV crowned king of France
1692 Porte Royale Jamaica slides into harbor after earthquake
1769 Daniel Boone begins exploring the Bluegrass State of Kentucky
1775 United Colonies change name to United States
1776 Richard Lee (VA) moves Decl of Independence in Continental Congress
1839 Hawaiian Declaration of Rights is signed
1860 Workmen start laying track for Market Street Railroad, SF 
           First US “dime novel” published: “Malaseka, The Indian Wife
           of the White Hunter,” by Mrs Ann Stevens
1863 Mexico City captured by French troops
1864 Abe Lincoln renominated for Pres by Republican Party
1866 Irish Fenians raid Pigeon Hill, Qu‚bec
1887 Monotype type-casting machine patented by Tolbert Lanston, Wash DC
1892 John J Doyle of Cleveland Spiders is 1st to pinch hit in a baseball game
1896 G Harpo & F Samuelson leave NY to row the Atlantic (takes 54 days)
1898 Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chic
1901 M Wolf discovers asteroid #471 Papagena
1905 Norway dissolves union with Sweden (in effect since 1814)
1909 Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens
1912 St Pius X encyclical “On the Indians of South America”
1912 US army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
1924 George Leigh-Mallory disappears 775′ from Everest’s summit
1929 Vatican City becomes a soverign state
1930 NY Times agrees to capitalize the n in “Negro”
1936 Yanks beat Indians 5-4 in 16; longest game without a strikeout
1938 First play telecast with original Broadway cast, “Susan & God”
1938 Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat 1st flown (Eddie Allen)
1939 First king & queen of England to visit US, George VI & Elizabeth
1939 Cleveland Indians sets AL record of 16 inning game without
           striking out, however lose the game 5-4 to NY Yankees
1941 Whirlaway wins the Belmont Stakes & the triple crown
1942 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island
1953 First color network telecast in compatible color, Boston, Mass
1954 First microbiology laboratory dedicated (New Brunswick NJ)
1955 “The $64,000 Question” premiers on CBS TV
1955 First President to appear on color TV (Eisenhower)
1959 KLX-AM in Oakland Calif changes call letters to KEWB (now KNEW)
1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 31,580 m
1963 First Rolling Stones TV appearance (Thank Your Lucky Stars)
           & release first single, “Come on”
1965 Gemini 4 completes 62 orbits
1967 2 Moby Grape members arrested for contributing to deliquency of minors
1967 Israel captures Wailing Wall in East Jerusalem
1968 Sirhan Sirhan indicted for Bobby Kennedy assassination
1969 Bob Dylan & Johnny Cash combine on a Grand Ole Opry TV special
1969 Tommy James & the Shondells release “Crystal Blue Persuasion”
1970 Jockey Willie Shoemaker passes Johnny Longden with his 6,033 win
1970 The Who’s Tommy is performed at NY’s Lincoln Center
1971 Soviet Soyuz 11 crew completes 1st transfer to orbiting Salyut
1972 German Chancellor Willy Brandt visits Israel
1975 Spain’s Manuel Orantes wins US Open, beating Jimmy Connors in 3 sets
1977 Anita Bryant leads successful crusade against Miami gay rights law
1978 Bullets beat Supersonics for NBA championship, 4 games to 3
1979 Bhaskara 1, Indian Earth resources/meteorology satellite, launched
1979 Rocker Chuck Berry is charged with tax evasion
1980 John McEnroe beats Bj”rn B”rg for US Open
1980 Temperance Hill wins Belmont Stakes (50:1 long shot)
1980 Tommy John wins his 200th, 3-0 on a 2-hitter
1981 Bjorn Borg wins his 6th French Open singles (defeats Ivan Lendl)
1981 Israel destroys alleged Iraqi plutonium production facility
1982 NY Mets draft Dwight Gooden, Roger McDowell & Randy Myers
1982 President Reagan meets Pope John Paul II & Queen Elizabeth
1983 A Gilmore & P Kilmartin discovers asteroid #3152
1983 Steve Carlton temporarily passes Nolan Ryan with his 3,552 strike out
1986 Madonna’s “Live to Tell,” single goes #1
1989 23 year old olympic barefoot South African runner Zola Budd retires
1989 Atlanta Fulton County Comm approves $210M stadium for the Falcons
1989 Wayne Gretzky wins his 9th NHL Hart (MVP) Trophy in 10 years 
           first Baseball game to start outdoors and end indoors, as Toronto Blue
           Jays stadium closes roof during game at 8:48, & beat Brewers 4-2
1990 Michael Jackson hospitalized for chest pains
1991 Singer Jimmy Osmond weds Michelle Larson

Jody Victor