As we begin to plan more and more activities it can be easy to forget that even as the weather warms up that the temperature of large bodies of water don’t warm at the same rate as the weather. Hypothermia is a very real possibility even on a warm spring day.
Hypothermia is a condition that exists when the body’s temperature drops below ninety-five degrees. This can be caused by exposure to air or water. Loss of body heat results in loss of dexterity, loss of consciousness, and eventually loss of life. A few minutes in cold water makes it very difficult to swim or even keep afloat. Plus, a sudden, unexpected plunge into cold water may cause a reflexive gasp allowing water to enter the lungs.
Your body can cool down 25 times faster in cold water than in cold air. Survival time can be as short as 15 minutes. Water temperature, body size, amount of body fat, and movement in the water all play a part in cold water survival. Small people cool faster than large people and children cool faster than adults.
Uncontrollable shivering is one of the first signs of hypothermia.
Treatment of hypothermia can be accomplished by gradually raising the body temperature back to normal. It can be as simple as sharing a sleeping bag or blanket with another person or applying warm moist towels to the individual’s neck, sides of chest and groin. Remove wet clothing as they inhibit heat retention. A warm bath can be used for mild to medium hypothermia. Gradually increase the water temperature. Keep arms and legs out of the water and do not attempt to raise the body temperature too quickly.
Of course contacting medical professionals immediately is another important step in helping someone with hypothermia.
Ermal Fraze, or “Ernie”, was originally born in Indiana but moved to Ohio where he would become a tool operator during the 1940s. In ’49 he founded his own company, Dayton Reliable Tool Company in Dayton, OH.
In 1959 Fraze set about on a quest to create an improved beverage can. At the time, believe it or not, to open a beverage can one had to have a separate opener. Fraze had been at a picnic where he’d forgotten the “church key”—the nick name for the opener—and had to use a car bumper to open cans to keep his guests refreshed.
The can he developed with an attached leverage opener however his initial design often left a sharp edge that injured the drinker. Later Fraze invented a pull top can where the drinker could loop their finger through a pull tab and “rip” the top off.
Fraze wasn’t able to get a patent for the design until years later after about 3/4ths of the nation’s beer companies were already adopting a similar design. Pittsburg Brewing Company, Pittsburgh, PA was the first company to adopt Fraze’s patented design.
While Fraze’s design revolutionized canned beverages, it also increased liter as people would simply throw the tabs on the ground. Additionally, other thirsty patrons would drop the tab in the can, then cut themselves when they almost swallowed it (believe it or not).
In 1977, Fraze patented the first push-in/fold back tab, which became the design used by canned beverages all over the world today. By 1980 Fraze’s company was earning over a half million dollars a year making the machines to create these types of beverage can tops.
The Green Company was formed in Dayton, OH in 1907. Weston Green, the company’s first president, was the one to introduce the Cheez-It cracker.
Though it wasn’t until March of 1921 that the company increased production of the Cheez-It which would help catapult the cracker into snackdom fame as the company specialized in many popular snacks such as Flag Crackers.
Cheez-It was later acquired by Loose-Wiles Biscuit Co. They bought out the entire Green Company in 1929.
Later Loose-Wiles change their name to Sunshine Biscuits and that company was eventually bought by the Keebler Company in 1996. Kellogg’s later bought Keebler in 2001 acquiring the Cheez-It recipe and name.
Through all this change Cheez-It has remained an iconic crunchy snack beloved by many.
Cheez-Its are known for having a unique flavor. Some of its earlier marketing suggested it was a cracker version of “rarebit.” That is a savory dish of melted cheese and other ingredients served hot over slices of toasted bread.
Cheez-Its are now available in over 40 different varieties.
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt created the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in 1933 as part of his New Deal to help deal with the effects of the Great Depression.
The CCC provided employment to almost 3 million men by its end. At its peak half a million men worked for the CCC, including some fourteen thousand Ohioans each year the program was in existence.
The CCC benefited Ohioans in other ways as well. This included improved parks and better flood and soil erosion control projects. The largest and most beneficial project to the state of Ohio that the CCC worked on was developing the Muskingum Conservancy District.
The CCC employed men between the age of 18 and 25 to work on various government projects. These included things like flood control, road construction, reforestation and erosion prevention—like much of the work the CCC performed in Ohio.
Although not a military organization the CCC was organized that way. Workers lived in camps, wore uniforms and served under the command of officers.
The French and Indian war in early America saw bloodshed across Ohio.
The Treaty of Paris and the British capture of Montreal ended the French and Indian War in North America in 1760 although the war continued in other parts of the world until 1763 as it spilled over into Europe, Africa and India.
According to the treaty, Britain gained control of all French possessions in modern-day Canada and most of the territory east of the Mississippi River including the land that would become Ohio.
Because of British control Native Americans in Ohio feared colonists would move in and take their land. They feared being driven west as had happened since the earliest of the British settlements were built in America.
In 1763 the Pontiac of the Ottawa formed an alliance with other tribes and tried to drive the British from the western Appalachian Mountains. This is known as Pontiac’s Rebellion. The British were able to defeat Pontiac—they feared conflicts like this would cause bankruptcy after their expenditures during the recently ended war.
With the Proclamation of 1763, which forbade the British from living west of the Appalachian Mountains the British hoped to end any further conflict or fear. However, many in the British government and the colonists were upset as they’d wanted to move to the Ohio Country and this was one of the causes of the French and Indian War. This action by the British government convinced many colonists their home country did not understand life in the New World. This would become one reason for the American Revolution.