Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, October 4, in history.
1582 Last day of the Julian calendar in Italy, many Catholic countries 1636 First code of law for Plymouth Colony 1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen 1777 Battle of Germantown 1824 Mexico becomes a republic 1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands 1862 Battle of Corinth ends 1864 National black convention meets (Syracuse NY) 1864 New Orleans Tribune, first black daily newspaper, forms 1883 Orient Express’ 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail 1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “The Problem of Thor Bridge” (BG) 1901 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America’s Cup 1906 Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year 1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England 1912 Nicaraguan Gen Zeledon, opponent of US occupation, is executed 1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game 1916 Market Street’s “Path of Gold” lit for 1st time 1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hrs). Referee overturns the decision 1924 NY Giants become 1st team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series (World Series #21) 1926 Dahlia is officially designated as SF city flower 1928 25th World Series begins, NY Yankees vs St Louis Cardinals 1931 The comic strip Dick Tracy by Chester Gould debuts 1940 Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps 1940 Wrestling returns to Madison Sq Garden after 12 year lay off 1944 The St Louis World Series-Cards vs Browns – St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance (World Series #41) 1948 Cleveland Indians beat Red Sox, 8-0, in 1st AL playoff game 1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58«% to keep blacks out 1955 Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory, beating Yankees in 7 (World Series #52) 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul 1957 “Leave It to Beaver,” debuts on CBS 1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite 1958 5th French republic established 1958 Transatlantic coml jet passenger service began (BOAC) 1959 First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA) 1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon’s far side 1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit 1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300 m 1962 Whitey Ford’s world series 33 2/3 scoreless inning streak ends World Series #59) 1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government 1964 3 cars of a commuter train derail in South Africa killing 81 1964 Patriots’ Gino Cappelletti kicks 6-of-6 field goals against Broncos 1964 St Louis Cards clinch NL pennant 1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN) 1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon 1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day) 1967 First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers (World Series #64) 1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters 1969 Baseball’s 1st divisional playoff games, Mets beat Braves 9-5 & Orioles beat Twins 4-3 in 12 innings 1970 Jan Stenerud of Kansas City Chiefs kicks 55-yard field goal 1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma 1971 Borden’s opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World 1974 John Lennon releases “Walls & Bridges” album 1976 Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns due to telling a racial joke 1977 Pier 39 opens in SF 1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I 1981 Pasakevi Kouna of Greece (9) is youngest intl gymnastics participant 1983 Richard Noble reaches record 1019 kph in jet-powered car 1984 US government closes down due to budget problems 1984 Yankees clinch AL East 1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia 1985 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley 1987 First “Scrub Sunday” of NFL football with replacement players 1987 Blues Jays lose final 7 games allowing Tigers to win the AL pennant 1987 James Jefferson of Winnipeg scores 2 TDs on interception returns without making an interception. (He scored on laterals) 1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid 1990 Regional elections held, in what was East Germany 1991 NHL NY Rangers trade Bernie Nichols to Edmonton for Mark Messier
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 27, in history.
1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000 1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola 1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British 1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain 1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification 1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence 1821 Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw 1825 Railroad transportation is born with 1st track in England 1854 Steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard 1863 Jo Shelby’s calvery in action at Moffat’s Station, Arkansas 1877 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti 1881 Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small “crowd” of 12 1894 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY 1905 First published blues composition goes on sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues 1905 Boston’s Bill Dinneen no-hits Chic White Sox, 2-0 1910 First test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France) 1919 Democratic National Committee votes to admit women 1919 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs 1921 Yanks beat Indians 21-7 in Polo Grounds 1923 Lou Gehrig’s 1st homer 1928 US recognizes Nationalist Chinese government 1930 Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf 1930 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn’t handle the ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St Louis Browns 1931 Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game 1937 First Santa Claus school opens (Albion NY) 1938 Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched at Glasgow 1939 Warsaw, Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance 1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces 1940 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller 1941 First WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched 1942 NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down 1942 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of the season 1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis 1953 Bert Bechichar, Baltimore Colts, kicks a 56-yard field goal 1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan 1954 School integration begins in Wash DC & Baltimore Md public schools 1954 Steve Allen’s “Tonight Show” premiers 1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit 1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, kills nearly 5,000 1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN 1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles 1963 At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000 1964 Phillies 7th straight loses sends them into 2nd place 1964 Warren Commission released, finding Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone 1967 Phillies Jim Bunning ties NL record of 5, 1-0 losses in a year 1968 Cardinal’s super pitcher Bob Gibson’s 13th shutout of the year 1970 Ken Boswell sets 2nd baseman record of 85 games without an error 1972 First game at Nassau Coliseum, Rangers beat Islanders 6-4 (exhibition) 1973 Nolan Ryan strikesout his 383rd batter of the year 1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days) 1977 Phillies clinch 2nd straight NL East Division title 1979 Congress’ final approval to create Dept of Education 1980 WHOT (Bkln NY pirate radio station) begins on 1620 AM & 92.5 FM 1982 John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show 1985 Hurricane Gloria’s 130 MPH wind hits the Atlantic coast 1986 Senate joins House of Reps voting for sweeping tax reforms 1987 NFL players’ strike 1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story 1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not Christ`s burial cloth 1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes 1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash 1990 A gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkley Calif 1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly 1990 Senate Judiciary committee approves Souter’s Supreme Court nomination 1990 Tour de France champion Greg LeMond visits White House 1991 “Princesses” premiers on CBS TV 1991 President Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert 1991 First scheduled NHL exhibition game in St Petersburg Florida, is cancelled due to poor ice conditions (NY Islanders vs Boston Bruins)
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 13, in history.
122 Building begins on Hadrian’s Wall 604 Sabinian begins his reign as Catholic Pope 1625 Rabbi Isiah Horowith & 15 other rabbis arrested in Jerusalem 1663 First serious slave conspiracy in colonial America (Virginia) 1759 Wolfe defeats Montcalm on Plains of Abraham; Canada becomes English 1788 New York City becomes capital of the United States 1789 First loan to US Govt (from NYC banks) 1849 First US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy) 1867 Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors 1882 Britain invades Egypt 1883 Cleveland Hugh Daily no-hits Phila 1-0 1906 First airplane flight in Europe 1922 136.4øF (58ø C), El Aziziyah, Libya in shade (world record) 1925 Brookln Dodger Dazzy Vance no-hits Phillies, 10-1 1927 Waite Hoyt became the only 20 game winner of the 1927 Yankees 1928 KOH-AM in Reno NV begins radio transmissions 1932 NY Yankees clinch their 7th pennant 1936 Cleveland Bob Feller strikes out then record 17 in a game (vs Phila A’s) 1942 Cubs shortstop Leonard Merullo makes 4 errors in 1 inning 1942 German forces attack Stalingrad 1943 Chiang Kai-shek became president of China 1948 Margaret Chase Smith (R-Me) elected senator, 1st woman to serve in both houses of Congress 1949 Ladies Pro Golf Association of America formed in NYC 1959 USSR’s Luna 2 becomes 1st probe to contact another celestial body 1961 “Car 54 Where are You?” premiers on TV 1961 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit 1963 “The Outer Limits” premiers 1963 Yankees clinch their 28th pennant 1965 Beatles release “Yesterday” 1965 Today Show’s 1st totally color broadcast 1965 Willie Mays hits his 500th HR 1970 IBM announces System 370 computer 1971 9 hostages & 28 prisoners die in take over at Attica State Prison 1971 Frank Robinson hits his 500th HR 1971 World Hockey Association formed 1973 ABC announces it obtained TV rights for the 1976 Olympics 1973 Congress passes & sends a bill to President Nixon to lift football’s blackout 1974 Phillies set NL record, using 27 players in a game, St Louis uses 24, tying record of 51. Phils win 7-3 in 17 1976 2nd Enterprise, approach & lands test (ALT) flight (5m28s) 1977 First TV viewer discretion warning-Soap 1977 2nd test of the Space Shuttle Enterprise 1978 NY Yankees win to gain sole possession of 1st place from 14 games back 1979 South Africa grants Venda independence (Not recognized out of S Afr) 1981 33rd Emmy Awards (Hill Street Blues big winner) 1981 April Moon sets women’s handbow distance record of 1,039 yds & 13″ 1981 Atlanta Falcons tie record of 31 points in 4th quarter (vs Green Bay) 1981 John McEnroe beats Bj”rn B”rg for US Open title 1982 50 die in Spantax Airlines DC-10 on takeoff from Malaga, Spain 1982 Joe Lefevre gets 6 hits in one baseball game 1983 US mint strikes 1st gold coin in 50 years (Olympic Eagle) 1984 STS 41-G launch vehicle moves to launch pad 1985 John Williams introduces the new Today Show theme 1986 Bert Blyleven gives up a record 44 HRs in a season 1986 Kellye Cash (Miss Tennessee) crowned Miss America 1987 Paul Lynch of Great Britain does 32,573 push-ups in 24 hours 1988 10th time, 4 players hit baseball major-league record grand slams 1988 Hurricane Gilbert becomes strongest (26.13 barometer) hurricane in Western Hemisphere 1989 Fay Vincent named baseball commissioner 1990 Iraqi troops storm the residence of French ambassador in Kuwait 1990 Senate Judiciary Com opens hearing on confirmation of David Souter 1991 A 55 ton concrete beam falls in Montreal’s Olympic Stadium 1991 Joe Colemans 3rd 100 RBI season in a row 3 teams (Cleveland, SD & Toronto)
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 6, in history.
1620 Pilgrims set sail from Plymouth England to the New World 1628 Puritans land at Salem, from Mass Bay Colony, witches soon to settle 1839 Great fire in NY 1848 National Black Convention meets (Cleveland) 1853 Women’s Rights Convention met (NYC) 1862 Stonewall Jackson occupies Fredrick, Maryland 1863 After 59 day siege, confederates evacuate Ft Wagner, SC 1869 First westbound train arrives in SF 1869 Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale Pennsylvania 1873 Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street 1876 Race riot in Charleston SC 1876 Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed 1883 Cub’s Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn 1899 Carnation processes its 1st can of evaporated milk 1903 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Creeping Man” (BG) 1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Company established 1905 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith no-hits Detroit Tigers, 15-0 1909 Word received, Adm Peary discovers North Pole 5 months earlier 1910 Saskatchewan (then Regina) Roughriders football club formed 1912 NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Phila, 3-0 1913 First aircraft to loop the loop (Adolphe P‚goud-France) 1914 Battle of the Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris 1920 First radio broadcast of a prizefight 1924 Charles Paddock captures 100 & 200 yd AAU national senior outdoor track & field championships 1930 Brooklyn Dodgers beat Phillies 22-8 1941 All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star 1941 Jews of Vilna Poland are confined to a ghetto 1943 “Congressional Limited” train derails near Frankfort Pa, kills 79 1946 All-American Football Conference plays 1st game (Clev 44, Miami 0) 1948 Juliana becomes queen of the Netherlands 1949 Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in 12 minutes 1954 Yankees use a record 10 pinch hitters 1963 Major league baseballs 100,000th game 1966 “Star Trek” premiers on NBC TV 1966 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia 1968 Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day) 1972 John & Yoko appear on Jerry Lewis Muscular Dystrophy Telethon 1973 NY Times reports almost all Superfectas run at Yonkers, Roosevelt & Monticello from Jan-Mar of 1973 were fixed 1975 6.8 quake along Anatolian Fault kills over 2,000 in Lice Turkey 1976 Russian pilot defects to Japan in a Mig 25 jet 1978 Begin & Sadat meet at Camp David to discuss peace 1980 Chantal Langlace sets women’s record for fastest 100K run (7h27m22s) 1980 College football longest losing streak of 50 games ends for Macalaster U of St Paul, Minn beating Mount Senario 17-14 1981 Bob Lemon named Yankee manager 1982 Paul McCartney releases “Tug of War” 1982 Polish dissidents seize the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland 1983 USSR admits to shooting down KAL 007 on 9/2 1984 Today Show begins live remote telecasts from Moscow 1986 Barbra Streisand’s 1st live concert in 20 years 1986 USSR charges correspondent Nicholas Daniloff with spying 1987 Saskatchewan’s Dave Ridgway kicks a CFL-record 60-yard field goal 1988 Crippled soviet Soyuz TM-5 lands safely with 2 cosmonauts aboard 1989 Amateur Atheletic Fed strips Ben Johnson of all track records 1991 USSR recognizes independence of the 3 baltic republics
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 30, In history.
31 -BC- Origin of Era of Augustus 257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope 1645 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty 1843 First black participation in national political convention (Liberty Party) 1850 Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city 1854 John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels 1862 Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY 1862 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee 1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda 1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day 1905 Ty Cobb’s 1st major league at bat (Detroit Tigers) 1906 Hal Chase became 1st Yankee to hit 3 triples in a game 1910 Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleve 5-0 in 11 1912 St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1 1913 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled 1916 Boston’s Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0 1916 Paul Von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany 1939 NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph (152 kph) 1941 Siege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began during WW II 1941 St Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cin Reds, 2-0 1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest Romania 1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japan 1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas 1961 First Negro judge of a US District Court confirmed-JB Parsons 1961 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning baseball game 1963 Hot Line communications link between Wash DC & Moscow went begins 1965 Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball 1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland 1967 US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice 1968 First record under Apple label (Beatle’s Hey Jude) 1969 120,000 attend Texas Intl Pop Festival 1969 25,000 attend 2nd Annual Sky River Rock Festival, Tenino Wash 1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale Florida 1974 Express train runs full speed into Zagreb, Yugo rail yard killing 153 1975 KTW-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX) 1976 Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of the Today Show 1979 First recorded occurrence-comet hits sun (energy=1 mil hydrogen bombs) 1979 President Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains Ga 1983 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-launched (6 days) 1984 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D)-Discovery 1-launched (6 days) 1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report) 1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100 m in world record 9.83 sec 1987 Stefka Kostadinova of Bulgaria sets high jump women’s record (6’10¬”) 1987 Yves Pol of France runs complete marathon backwards (3:57:57) 1988 Julianne Philips files for divorce from Bruce Springsteen 1988 Tennis star Chris Everett weds skier Andy Mills 1989 Roman Polanski marries actress Emmanuelle Seigner 1990 Ken Griffey & Ken Griffey Jr become 1st father & son to play on the same team (Seattle Mariners), both single in the 1st inning 1991 Dan O’Brien sets US decathalon record with 8,812 points 1991 France beats US by narrowest Ryder Cup margin – 14« to 13« 1991 Mike Powell of the US, sets then long jump record at 29′ 4«”