Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 27, in history.
1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000 1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola 1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British 1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain 1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification 1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence 1821 Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw 1825 Railroad transportation is born with 1st track in England 1854 Steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard 1863 Jo Shelby’s calvery in action at Moffat’s Station, Arkansas 1877 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti 1881 Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small “crowd” of 12 1894 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY 1905 First published blues composition goes on sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues 1905 Boston’s Bill Dinneen no-hits Chic White Sox, 2-0 1910 First test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France) 1919 Democratic National Committee votes to admit women 1919 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs 1921 Yanks beat Indians 21-7 in Polo Grounds 1923 Lou Gehrig’s 1st homer 1928 US recognizes Nationalist Chinese government 1930 Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf 1930 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn’t handle the ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St Louis Browns 1931 Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game 1937 First Santa Claus school opens (Albion NY) 1938 Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched at Glasgow 1939 Warsaw, Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance 1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces 1940 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller 1941 First WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched 1942 NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down 1942 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of the season 1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis 1953 Bert Bechichar, Baltimore Colts, kicks a 56-yard field goal 1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan 1954 School integration begins in Wash DC & Baltimore Md public schools 1954 Steve Allen’s “Tonight Show” premiers 1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit 1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, kills nearly 5,000 1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN 1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles 1963 At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000 1964 Phillies 7th straight loses sends them into 2nd place 1964 Warren Commission released, finding Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone 1967 Phillies Jim Bunning ties NL record of 5, 1-0 losses in a year 1968 Cardinal’s super pitcher Bob Gibson’s 13th shutout of the year 1970 Ken Boswell sets 2nd baseman record of 85 games without an error 1972 First game at Nassau Coliseum, Rangers beat Islanders 6-4 (exhibition) 1973 Nolan Ryan strikesout his 383rd batter of the year 1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days) 1977 Phillies clinch 2nd straight NL East Division title 1979 Congress’ final approval to create Dept of Education 1980 WHOT (Bkln NY pirate radio station) begins on 1620 AM & 92.5 FM 1982 John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show 1985 Hurricane Gloria’s 130 MPH wind hits the Atlantic coast 1986 Senate joins House of Reps voting for sweeping tax reforms 1987 NFL players’ strike 1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story 1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not Christ`s burial cloth 1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes 1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash 1990 A gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkley Calif 1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly 1990 Senate Judiciary committee approves Souter’s Supreme Court nomination 1990 Tour de France champion Greg LeMond visits White House 1991 “Princesses” premiers on CBS TV 1991 President Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert 1991 First scheduled NHL exhibition game in St Petersburg Florida, is cancelled due to poor ice conditions (NY Islanders vs Boston Bruins)
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 2, in history.
257 St Stephen I ends his reign as Catholic Pope 640 Severinus ends his reign as Catholic Pope 686 John V ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1375 First roller skating rink opens (London) 1492 Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella 1776 Formal signing of the Declaration of Independence 1798 British under Adm Horatio Nelson beat French at Battle of Nile 1819 First parachute jump in US 1832 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sac & Fox indians, end Black Hawk War 1832 Black Hawk defeated (IA) 1832 Whites decimate Indians in Battle of Bad Axe River, Wisc 1858 First street mailboxes-Boston, Mass 1864 2nd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens 1873 First trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones 1877 SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes 1903 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey 1906 Chicago White Sox begin record 19 game win streak 1909 First Lincoln head pennies minted 1909 Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers 1914 Sherlock Holmes Adventure “His Last Bow” takes place 1929 Phillies Don Hurst sets NL record of 6 consecutive games with a HR 1932 Charlie Grimm replaces Roger Hornsby as manager of Chicago Cubs 1934 First airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it 1934 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour 1938 First test of a yellow baseball (Dodgers vs Cardinals) 1939 Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers 1941 Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia 1943 PT-109 rammed & sunk 1959 Milwaukee Brave Bill Bruton hits 2 bases loaded triples 1961 Beatles 1st gig as house band of Liverpool’s Cavern Club 1961 St Louis Cards (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 36-7 in Toronto 1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m 1964 North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in Gulf of Tonkin 1964 Race riot in Jersey City NJ 1965 Morley Safer’s sends 1st Vietnam report indicating we are losing 1966 Radio Vila (New Hebrides) begins transmitting 1967 New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season game, they lose to LA Rams 16-77 1967 US’s Lunar Orbiter 5 launched; enters lunar orbit Aug 5 1972 Gold hits record $70 an ounce in London 1975 Billy Martin named manager of NY Yankees (1st time) 1979 Gilda Radner Live From New York opens on Broadway 1980 US swimmers set 3 world records at National championships 1983 STS-8 vehicle moves to launch pad 1983 US District Court begins trying Yonkers accuse of race discrimination 1985 5 die in a train crash in Westminster Colo 1985 NASA launches space vehicle S-209 1986 Jackie Joyner-Kersee (US) sets record for heptathlon (7161 pts) 1986 TODAY/PC born today 1987 Cin Red Eric Davis becomes 7th & earliest 30 HR 30 steal man 1987 Don Brown sets flight record for handbow (1,336 yds 1’3″) 1987 Kevin Seitzer (KC Royals), gets 6 hits in one baseball game 1987 Michael Andretti runs fastest Indy car race in history (171.49 MPH) 1988 Raymond Acevedo is retired from singing group Menudo 1988 System Enhancement Assoc settles case with PKware (ARC vs PKARC) 1989 NASA confirmed Voyager 2’s discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2, 1989 N3 & 1989 N24 1990 Iraq invades & occupies Kuwait 1991 Funk singer Rick James, arrested on sexual torture charges 1991 Hedy Lamaar is arrested for shoplifting in LA 1991 Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) launched
Jody Victor: See how many of these events for this day, July 12, you can remember from history.
526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope 1290 Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I 1543 England’s King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife) 1690 Orangeman’s yearly celebration (The battle of the Orange) – Actually “Battle of the Boyne” ( 1 July 1690), when Protestant had victory in Ireland 1691 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) England, William III beats James II 1774 Citizens of Carlisle, Penn. pass a declaration of independence 1812 US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812) 1817 First flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland) 1859 Paper bag manufacturing machine patented by William Goodale, Mass 1862 Congress authorizes Medal of Honor 1874 Ontario Agricultural College founded 1874 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure, “The Gloria Scott” (BG) 1876 Paul Henry discovers asteroid #164 Eva 1882 First ocean pier in US completed, Washington, DC 1900 114ø F (46ø C), Basin, Wyoming (state record) 1906 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France 1909 16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes) 1910 J Helffrich discovers asteroid #701 Oriola 1912 First foreign feature film exhibited in US-“Queen Elizabeth”-NYC 1914 Babe Ruth makes his baseball debut, pitches for the Red Sox 1920 Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuuania becomes independent rep 1923 K Reinmuth discovers asteroids #997 Priska & #3682 1927 Babe Ruth hits 30th of 60 HRs 1928 First televised tennis match 1931 Cubs & Cards hit a record 23 doubles in a game (2nd game of DH) 1933 Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 per hour) 1934 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned 1946 Vance Dinges hits the only Phillie pinch hit inside-the-park HR 1948 First jets to fly across the Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires) 1949 AL beats NL 11-7 in 16th All Star Game, NL makes a record 5 errors 1949 Baseball owners agree to erect warning paths before each fence 1949 LA Rams sign Norm Van Brocklin 1950 ILTF re-admit Germany & Japan in Davis Cup, Poland & Hungary withdraw 1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill 1951 NY Yankees Allie Reynolds no-hits Cleve Indians, 8-0 1954 Major League Baseball Players Assn founded 1955 NL beats AL 6-5 (12 innings) in 22nd All Star Game (Milwaukee) 1957 First President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower 1960 Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence 1960 Echo I, 1st passive satellite launched 1960 USSR’s Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs 1962 First time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR) 1962 Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London) 1966 26.70 cm (10.51″) of rainfall, Sandusky, Ohio (state record) 1966 Most rain fell in 1 day in Ohio, 10.5″ in Sandusky 1966 NL beats AL 2-1 (10 innings) in 37th All Star Game (Busch, St Louis) 1966 Race riot in Chicago 1966 US Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver
bullion price at Philadelphia & Denver mints 1967 23 die in Newark race rebellion 1967 5th Mayor’s Trophy Game, Mets beat Yankees 4-0 1967 Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured & over 1000 arrested 1970 Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky 1971 Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders 1975 Sao Tom‚ e Pr¡ncipe gains independence from Portugal (Nat’l Day) 1977 First free flight test of space shuttle Enterprise 1978 Sun Bank Building opens 1979 Kiribati (Gilbert & Ellice Is) gains independence from Britain
“Disco Demolition Night” at Comiskey Park, causes fans to go wild &
causes White Sox to forfeit 2nd game of a doubleheader to the Tigers 1982 FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail 1984 Geraldine Ferraro, NY became 1st woman major-party VP candidate 1985 Doctors discover a cancerous growth in Pres Reagan’s colon 1985 STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown 1987 Phillies Kent Tekulve pitches his 900th game in relief 1988 Margo Adams alleges Red Sox Wade Bogg’s “Delta Force” revenge plan 1988 USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit 1989 NY Yankee pitching great Ron Guidry retires (170-91 .651, 3.29 ERA) 1990 Chicago White Sox Melido Perez no-hits the Yankees 8-0 in a rain
shortened 6 inning game at Yankee Stadium (7th no-hitter of 1990)
Jody Victor: Let’s see what happened on this day, June 28, in history.
767 St Paul I ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1245 First Council of Lyons (13th ecumenical council) opens 1635 French colony of Guadeloupe established in the Caribbean 1770 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia 1776 Charleston, SC repulses British sea attack 1778 Battle of Monmouth, NJ 1778 Mary Ludwig Hayes “Molly Pitcher” aids American patriots 1820 Tomato is proven nonpoisonous 1838 Britain’s Queen Victoria crowned in Westminster Abbey 1859 First dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England) 1861 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d’Arrest 1862 Day 4 of the 7 Days-Battle of Savage’s Station 1874 Freedmen’s Bank closes 1886 C H F Peters discovers asteroid #259 Aletheia 1887 Phillies most lopsided shut-out beating Indianapolis 24-0 1892 Phillies tie club record of 16 straight victories 1894 Labor Day established as a federal employees holiday 1902 Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin 1905 Russian sailors mutiny aboard the battleship “Potemkin” 1909 First French air show, Concours d’Avation opens 1914 Assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophia, in Sarajevo by a Serbian Nationalist,Gavrilo Princip. This incident precipitated a war with Serbia, eventually starting WW1 1918 First flight between Hawaiian Islands 1919 Carl Mazes pitches a complete double-header against Yankees 1919 Harry S Truman married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace in Independence 1919 Treaty of Versailles ending WW I signed 1923 Dodgers lost 7-0 lead, as Philles score 8 in bottom of 9th 1924 Tornado strikes Sandusky Ohio & Lorain Ohio, killing 93 1928 Alfred E Smith (NY-Gov) nominated for president at Dem Convention 1928 Friedrich Schmiedl attempted rocket mail in Austria (unsucessful) 1939 Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper) 1939 Yankees hit 13 HRs, sweep A’s 23-2 & 10-0 1940 “Quiz Kids?” premiers on radio 1940 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union 1942 Dumont TV network begins (WABD NY) 1945 Polish Provisional Govt of National Unity set up by Soviets 1946 Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st pres of Italy 1950 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea [or 01041951?] 1951 “Amos ‘n’ Andy” premiers on CBS TV 1956 First atomic reactor built for private research operates Chicago Ill 1956 Riots break out in Poznan Poland, 38 die 1960 26.42 cm (10.40″) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record) 1961 Phils & SF set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 inn tie 1964 Organization for Afo-American Unity forms in NY by Malcolm X 1965 First US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Johnson 1965 A R Klemola discovers asteroid #2179 Platzeck 1967 George Harrison is fined œ6 for speeding 1968 Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon Papers 1971 Fillmore East closes 1971 Phillies’ Rick Wise hits 2 HRs & no-hits Reds 1971 Supreme Court overturns draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali 1971 T Smirnova discovers asteroid #3093 1973 Lawsuit in Detroit challenges Little League’s “no girls” rule
Black Sports Hall of Fame forms: Paul Robeson, Elgin Baylor, Jesse
Owens, Jim Brown, Wilma Rudolph, Joe Louis & Althea Gibson elected 1974 Fall of earth & rocks kill 200. (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Columbia) 1974 Wings release “Band on the Run” & “Zoo Gang” in UK 1975 David Bowie releases “Fame” 1975 Golfer Lee Trevino is struck by lightning at Western Open (Ill) 1977 Supreme Court allows Federal control of Nixon tapes papers 1978 UNICEF chooses rock group Kansas as ambassadors of goodwill
man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected
Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white 1980 NYC transit fare rises from 50 to 60 1982 Prince Chuck & Lady Di name their baby “William” 1983 Bridge section along I-95 in Greenwich, Ct collapsed kills 3 1983 NASA launches Galaxy-A 1985 Discovery ferried back to Kennedy Space Center via Bergstrom AFB, Tx 1986 Kenneth & Nellie Pike challenge Ala Dem runoff win by AG C Graddick 1987 Don Baylor sets career hit-by-pitch mark at 244 (Pitcher Rick Rhoden) 1987 E F Helin discovers asteroid #3680 Sasha 1988 Mike Tyson sues to break contract with manager Bill Cayton 1990 17th annual Daytime Emmy Awards
Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, June 21, in history.
1498 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian 1607 First Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown 1633 Galileo Galilei is forced by Inquisition to “abjure, curse, &
detest” his Copernican heliocentric views 1684 MA Bay Colony’s charter revoked 1768 First US bachelor of medicine degree (Dr John Archer) 1788 US Constitution goes into effect as NH is 9th to ratify 1792 Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil & Mexicana off Vancouver, BC 1805 Great Stoneface Mt found in NH 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC) 1834 Cyrus Hall McCormick patents reaping machine 1858 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe 1869 The opera “Die Meistersinger” is produced (Munich) 1879 F W Woolworth opens 1st store (failed almost immediately) 1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria 1893 First Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago’s Columbian Exposition) 1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company 1900 Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In
bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers 1903 Sherlock Holmes “Adventure of The Mazarine Stone” takes place (BG) 1904 Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade “Dougherty as a Yankee,” 1st
known reference to NY club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913) 1906 M Wolf discovers asteroid #601 Nerthus 1913 Tiny Broadwick becomes 1st woman to parachute from an airplane 1916 Boston Rube Forster no-hits NY Yankees, 2-0 1917 Hawaiian Red Cross founded 1919 Germans scuttle their own fleet 1923 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using the mail to defraud 1930 Ruth hits 3 HRs as Yanks blow 6-0 lead in 7th & lose 15-7 1933 First Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans 1938 Baseball’s Pinky Higgins gets 12th straight hit 1939 Doctors reveal Lou Gehrig has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1942 129ø F (54ø C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record) 1942 Rommel takes Tobruk in North Africa 1943 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit 30 dead 1945 Japanese forces on Okinawa surrender to US during WW II 1946 10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas Texas 1948 First stored computer program run, on Manchester Mark I 1948 Dr Peter Goldmark of CBS demonstrates “long playing record”
Columbia commits to 33 1/3 rpm records, plans to phase out 78’s 1949 H L Giclas discovers asteroid #1886 Lowell 1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 75,190 m 1963 Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds John XXIII 1964 Phillies Jim Bunning pitches perfect game (Mets) on Fathers day, in
2nd game of DH, Mets get 3 hits, 3 being fewest hits in NL DH
3 civil rights workers-Michael H Schwerner Andrew Goodman &
James E Chaney-disappeared after release from a Mississippi jail 1967 Yanks take 5-3 lead in 11th & lose 6-5, in 2nd game Red Sox lead
3-2 in 9th & Yanks beat them 6-3 1968 Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren resigns 1969 First reported hearing of pirate radio WGHP (With God’s Help Peace) 1969 Zager & Evans release “In the Year 2525” 1970 Brazil wins last Jules Rimet Trophy, soccer championship 1971 50,000 attend Celebration of Life, rock concert, McCrea Louisana 1975 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth 1977 Former White House chief of staff HR Haldeman enters prison 1977 Menachem Begin (Likud), becomes Israel’s 6th PM 1981 12-bottle case of 1979 Napamedoc Cabernet wine auctioned for $24,000 1982 Paul McCartney releases “Take it Away” 1982 Wash DC jury finds John Hinckley Jr innocent by insanity 1985 American, Brazilian & West German forensic pathologists confirm
skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were Nazi Dr Josef Mengele 1986 Heike Drechsler of East Germany long jumps 7.45 m (women’s record) 1986 Pres Reagan gives speech defending his judicial appointments 1987 Discovery rolls over from OPF to Vandenberg AFB 1987 Mike Tyson sexually harasses a parking lot attendent 1988 Los Angeles beats Detroit, for the NBA championship 1989 Carlton Fisk becomes AL catcher HR hitter, 307th at Yankee stadium 1989 Melanie Griffith & Don Johnson remarry 1989 Supreme Court rules ok to burn US flag as a political expression 1990 25,000 die in Iranian Earthquake 1990 Little Richard gets a star on Hollywood’s walk of fame 1990 NYC’s Zodiac killer shoots 4th victim, Larry Parham 1990 US House of Reps vote 254-177 to stop US flag burning, doesn’t pass
At Yankee Stadium rally, Nelson Mandela dons a NY Yankee baseball
cap & proclaims “I am a Yankee!” 1991 Eleanor Mondale marries Greg “Thunder” Malban (Minn DJ) 1991 Islanders Denis Potvan & Michael Bossy inducted into NHL Hall of Fame