Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, October 4, in history.

1582 Last day of the Julian calendar in Italy, many Catholic countries
1636 First code of law for Plymouth Colony
1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen
1777 Battle of Germantown
1824 Mexico becomes a republic
1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
1862 Battle of Corinth ends
1864 National black convention meets (Syracuse NY)
1864 New Orleans Tribune, first black daily newspaper, forms
1883 Orient Express’ 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “The Problem of Thor Bridge” (BG)
1901 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America’s Cup
1906 Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year
1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
1912 Nicaraguan Gen Zeledon, opponent of US occupation, is executed
1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
1916 Market Street’s “Path of Gold” lit for 1st time
1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hrs). Referee overturns the decision
1924 NY Giants become 1st team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series (World Series #21)
1926 Dahlia is officially designated as SF city flower
1928 25th World Series begins, NY Yankees vs St Louis Cardinals
1931 The comic strip Dick Tracy by Chester Gould debuts
1940 Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps
1940 Wrestling returns to Madison Sq Garden after 12 year lay off
1944 The St Louis World Series-Cards vs Browns – St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance (World Series #41)
1948 Cleveland Indians beat Red Sox, 8-0, in 1st AL playoff game
1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58«% to keep blacks out
1955 Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory, beating Yankees in 7 (World Series #52) 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
1957 “Leave It to Beaver,” debuts on CBS
1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite
1958 5th French republic established
1958 Transatlantic coml jet passenger service began (BOAC)
1959 First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA)
1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon’s far side
1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300 m
1962 Whitey Ford’s world series 33 2/3 scoreless inning streak ends World Series #59)
1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
1964 3 cars of a commuter train derail in South Africa killing 81
1964 Patriots’ Gino Cappelletti kicks 6-of-6 field goals against Broncos
1964 St Louis Cards clinch NL pennant
1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN)
1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon
1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1967 First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers (World Series #64)
1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters
1969 Baseball’s 1st divisional playoff games, Mets beat Braves 9-5 & Orioles beat Twins 4-3 in 12 innings
1970 Jan Stenerud of Kansas City Chiefs kicks 55-yard field goal
1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
1971 Borden’s opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World
1974 John Lennon releases “Walls & Bridges” album
1976 Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns due to telling a racial joke
1977 Pier 39 opens in SF
1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I
1981 Pasakevi Kouna of Greece (9) is youngest intl gymnastics participant
1983 Richard Noble reaches record 1019 kph in jet-powered car
1984 US government closes down due to budget problems
1984 Yankees clinch AL East
1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia
1985 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley
1987 First “Scrub Sunday” of NFL football with replacement players
1987 Blues Jays lose final 7 games allowing Tigers to win the AL pennant
1987 James Jefferson of Winnipeg scores 2 TDs on interception returns without making an interception. (He scored on laterals)
1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid
1990 Regional elections held, in what was East Germany
1991 NHL NY Rangers trade Bernie Nichols to Edmonton for Mark Messier

Jody Victor

Once Upon a Time……

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 23, in history.

1617 First one-way streets established (London)
1833 Britain abolishes slavery in colonies; 700,000 slaves freed
1838 Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Mass) 1st graduating class
1864 Fall of Fort Morgan at Mobile
1866 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
1869 First carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
1872 First Japanese coml ship visits SF, carrying tea
1883 Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
1889 First ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (SF)
1900 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)
1904 Automobile tire chain patented
1907 Pitts Howie Camnitz no-hits NY Giants, 1-0 in 5 inning game
1914 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
1917 Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)
1919 “Gasoline Alley” cartoon strip premiers in Chicago Tribune
1924 Mars’ closest approach to Earth since the 10th century
1939 USSR & Germany sign a non-agression pact
1944 Romania liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day 1944-1990)
1947 President Truman’s daughter, Margaret’s 1st public singing concert
1948 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
1950 West Germany & Japan readmitted to Intl Amateur Athletic Federation
1953 Phil Grate sets record for throwing a baseball (443’3«”)
1958 Marie Ashton completes playing piano a female record 133 hours
1960 World’s largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
1961 US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
1963 Beatles release “She Loves You” in the UK
1963 Ringo admits he wrote a song “Don’t Pass Me By”
1964 St Louis Cards are 11 games back in NL, & win the World Series
1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 takes 1st photograph of Earth from Moon
1968 Ringo quits the Beatles over a disagreement, temporarily
1968 Yankees & Tigers play 3-3 tie in 19 due to 1 AM curfew
1969 Audrey McElmory (US) wins World Cycling Championships, Brno, Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
1972 Republican convention (Miami Beach, Fla) renominates VP Agnew but not unanimous-1 vote went to NBC newsman David Brinkley)
1973 Intelsat communications satellite launched
1977 First man-powered flight of a mile (Bryan Allen in Gossamer Condor)
1977 Yankees leap frog over Red Sox « baseball game in 1st place to stay
1979 Bolshoi Ballet dancer Alexander Godunov defects in NYC
1979 UN’s Vienna office opens
1985 Said Aouita of Morroco sets the 1.5k record (3:29.46) in Berlin
1985 Paul Hornung awarded $1,160,000 by a Louisville court against NCAA who barred him as a college football analyst for betting on games
1988 Mike Tyson & Mitch Green brawl at 4 A.M. in Harlem
1989 LA Dodgers beat Montreal Expos, 1-0, in 22 innings

Jody Victor