Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 30, In history.

31 -BC- Origin of Era of Augustus
257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1645 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty
1843 First black participation in national political convention (Liberty Party)
1850 Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city
1854 John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
1862 Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY
1862 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day
1905 Ty Cobb’s 1st major league at bat (Detroit Tigers)
1906 Hal Chase became 1st Yankee to hit 3 triples in a game
1910 Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleve 5-0 in 11
1912 St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1
1913 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
1916 Boston’s Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
1916 Paul Von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany
1939 NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph (152 kph)
1941 Siege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began during WW II
1941 St Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cin Reds, 2-0
1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest Romania
1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japan
1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas
1961 First Negro judge of a US District Court confirmed-JB Parsons
1961 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning baseball game
1963 Hot Line communications link between Wash DC & Moscow went begins
1965 Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball
1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland
1967 US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice
1968 First record under Apple label (Beatle’s Hey Jude)
1969 120,000 attend Texas Intl Pop Festival
1969 25,000 attend 2nd Annual Sky River Rock Festival, Tenino Wash
1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale Florida
1974 Express train runs full speed into Zagreb, Yugo rail yard killing 153
1975 KTW-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX)
1976 Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of the Today Show
1979 First recorded occurrence-comet hits sun (energy=1 mil hydrogen bombs)
1979 President Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains Ga
1983 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-launched (6 days)
1984 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D)-Discovery 1-launched (6 days)
1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report)
1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100 m in world record 9.83 sec
1987 Stefka Kostadinova of Bulgaria sets high jump women’s record (6’10¬”)
1987 Yves Pol of France runs complete marathon backwards (3:57:57)
1988 Julianne Philips files for divorce from Bruce Springsteen
1988 Tennis star Chris Everett weds skier Andy Mills
1989 Roman Polanski marries actress Emmanuelle Seigner
1990 Ken Griffey & Ken Griffey Jr become 1st father & son to play on the same team (Seattle Mariners), both single in the 1st inning
1991 Dan O’Brien sets US decathalon record with 8,812 points
1991 France beats US by narrowest Ryder Cup margin – 14« to 13«
1991 Mike Powell of the US, sets then long jump record at 29′ 4«”

Jody Victor

Today In History

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 9, in history.

378 Battle of Adrianople, Visigoth Calvary defeats Roman Army
480 -BC- Persia defeats Spartan king Leonidas at Thermopylae
1638 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in the Bronx
1673 Dutch recapture NY from English; regained by English in 1674
1778 Capt Cook passes through Bering Strait
1786 First ascent of Mt Blanc
1790 Columbia becomes 1st US flagged ship to voyage around the world
1803 First horses arrive in Hawaii
1829 “Stourbridge Lion” locomotive goes into service
1831 First US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
1842 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
1848 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with the Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president
1849 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
1854 Henry David Thoreau publishes “Walden”
1855 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
1862 Prelude to 2nd Manassas, Jackson is victorious at Battle of Cedar Mt, however Gen Charles S Winder is killed
1893 First US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in NY
1902 Edward VII of England crowned after death of his mother Victoria
1923 NY State Golf Assoc formed
1925 Only time Babe Ruth pinch-hit for, Bobby Veach flies out
1930 Betty Boop debutes in Max Fleischer’s animated cartoon Dizzy Dishes
1936 Jesse Owens wins 4th gold medal of Berlin Olympics
1942 British arrests Indian nationalist Mohandas K Gandhi
1945 US drops 2nd atomic bomb “Fat Man” on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
1946 First time all major-league baseball games (8) are played at night
1956 First state-wide, state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
1956 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
1960 Race riot in Jacksonville Florida
1961 James B Parsons is 1st black appointed to Federal District Court
1963 Britains rock TV show, Ready Steady Go, premiers
1964 Bunning continues pitching perfectly to the NY Mets until 2 outs in 5th, when Joe Christopher beats out a bunt. He totals 15 innings
1965 Singapore gains independence from Malaysia (National Day)
1969 Manson family commits Tate-LaBianca murders
1970 Peruvian Airlines jet carrying 45 US exchange students explodes
1971 Le Roy (Satchel) Paige inducted into baseball’s Hall of Fame
1972 Rockwell receives NASA contract to construct the Space Shuttle
1973 Henry McCullough & Denny Seiwell quit Wings
1973 USSR launches Mars 7
1974 Richard Nixon resigns presidency, VP Gerald Ford becomes 38th president
1975 First NFL game in Louisiana Superdome, Houston beats Saints 13-7
1976 Pitt Pirate John Candelaria no-hits LA Dodgers, 2-0
1976 USSR launches Luna 24, last Lunar flight to date from Earth
1977 NHL refuses merger of 6 WHA clubs
1978 Yankees score 5 in bottom of 9th beat Brewers 8-7
1981 6 English lifeguards set relay swim record the English Channel (7:17)
1981 NL beats AL 5-4 in 52nd All Star Game (Cleveland Stadium)
1984 Daley Thomas of Britain sets the decathalon record (8,847) in LA Cal
1984 STS 41-D vehicle again moves out to the launch pad
1987 LA Rams beat Dallas Cowboys 28-27 in London, England (NFL expo)
1988 Cubs beat Mets 6-4 in their 1st official night game at Wrigley Field
1988 Edmonton Oilers trade Wayne Gretzky to LA Kings for $15-$20 millions
1988 Just 1 day after 8/8/88 NY’s daily number is 888
1990 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
1992 25th Olympic Summer games close in Barcelona, Spain

Jody Victor

Once Upon A Time….

Jody Victor: Here;s what happened on this day, June 15, in history.

763 -BC- Assyrians record total solar eclipse event on clay tablet
1215 King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, England
1219 King Valdemar brought victory for Denmark
1381 Wat Tyler, leader of English Peasants’ Revolt, beheaded in London
1389 Battle of Kossovo; Turks defeat Serbs, Bosnians
1520 Pope threatens to toss Luther out of Catholic Church
1567 Jews are expelled from Genoa Italy
1590 Pope Leo X threatens to ex-communicate Martin Luther
1664 NJ established
1775 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army
1779 General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, Bronx
1785 2 French balloonists die in world’s 1st fatal aviation accident
1804 12th amendment ratified; deals with manner of choosing president
1836 Arkansas becomes 25th state
1844 Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber
1846 Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49ø N
1851 Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
1857 SF Water Works organized
1860 First White settlement in Idaho (Franklin)
1862 Gen JEB Stuart completes his “ride around McClellan”
1864 Battle for Petersburg begins as Gen Grant assaults Confederate line
1864 Robert E Lee’s home area (Arlington, VA) becomes a miltary cemetery
1866 C H F Peters discovers asteroid #88 Thisbe
1866 Prussia attacks Austria
1869 Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
1869 Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
1871 Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
1876 Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential cconvention
1877 Henry O Flipper becomes 1st black graduate at West Point
1878 First attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1
           picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse’s hooves leave the ground
1887 NY Giants beat Phila Phillies 29-1
1889 Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adv “The Stockbroker’s Clerk” (BG)
1894 Phillies beat Cincinatti Reds, 21-8
1896 Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku Japan
           27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured, with 13,000 houses destroyed
1902 Canada’s Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time
1902 Justin Clark of Corsicana, Tx minors hits 8 home runs in 1 game
1904 Side-wheeler “General Slocum” burns in NY’s East River (1,031 die)
1907 44 nations meet in 2nd Hague Peace Conference
1915 US government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo
1918 1″ of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
1918 50th running of Belmont Stakes (Johren wins)
1919 First nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland
1924 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth automobile
1924 Native Americans are proclaimed US citizens
1925 B Jekhovsky discovers asteroid #1093 Freda
1929 First time NY curb stock exchange transacts more business than NY Exch
1933 C Jackson discovers asteroids #1278 Kenya & #1279 Uganda
1934 C Jackson discovers asteroid #1324 Knysna
1934 Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated
1934 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1322 Coppernicus
1938 First night game at Bkln Ebbets Field (Reds 6, Dodgers 0) as Cin Red
           Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecident 2nd consecutive no-hitter
1939 C Jackson discovers asteroid #1676 Kariba
1940 French fortress of Verdun captured by Germans
1944 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
1947 First night baseball game at Detroit Briggs Stadium (Tigers 4, Athletics 1)
1950 Itzigsohn discover asteroid 1581 Abanderada, 1582 Martir & 1779 Parana
1951 First coml electronic computer dedicated Phila
1951 Joe Louis scored his last knock out victory
1956 John Lennon (15) & Paul McCartney (13) meet for the 1st time as
           Lennon’s rock group The Quarrymen perform at a church dinner
1957 42.01 cm (16.54″) of rainfall, East St Louis, Ill (state record)
1957 Yankees trade Billy Martin & Ralph Terry for Ryne Duran
1960 Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichman
1962 Phillies score 10 runs in an inning against Reds en route to 13-8 win
1962 South Africa passes a bill setting death penalty for many crimes
1963 SF Giants Juan Marichal no-hits Houston Colt 45s, 1-0
1967 Gov Reagan signs liberalized California abortion bill
1968 John Lennon & Yoko Ono plant an acorn at Conventry Cathedral
1969 “Hee Haw” with Roy Clark & Buck Owens premiers on CBS TV
1971 Vernon E Jordan Jr, appointed exec director of National Urban League
1972 Rock fall inside Vierzy Tunnel (France) causes 2 train crash; 107 die
1973 “American Graffiti” opens in NYC
1976 Yankees trade May, Martinez, Pagan, MacGregor & Demsey to Baltimore
           for Holtzman, Alexander, Grant Jackson, Elrod Henrick & Jim Freeman
1977 Spain’s 1st free elections since 1936
1978 Jordan’s King Hussein marries Elizabeth Halaby, 26-yr-old American
1978 Soyuz 29 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6; they stay 139 days
1979 First space shuttle SRB qualification test firing; 122 seconds
1980 Jorge Orta of Cleveland gets 6 hits in a baseball game
1982 Riots in Argentina after Falklands/Malvinas defeat
1983 Supreme Court struck down state & local restrictions on abortion
1984 Thomas Hearns KOs Roberto Duran
1985 En route to Halley’s Comet, USSR’s Vega 2 drops lander on Venus
1986 Pravda announces high-level Chernobyl staff fired for stupidity
1988 NASA launches space vehicle S-213
1989 Balt Orioles pull their 9th triple play (vs Yankees)
1989 Ronald Reagan is knighted by Queen Elizabeth
1990 “Dick Tracy” with Warren Beatty & Madonna premiers
1991 Philippines volcano Mount Pinatubo errupts
1992 Ghana Airways inaugurates flights to JFK Airport (NYC)

Jody Victor

Today In History

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, January 12, in history.

1493 Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily
1552 Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, 100s killed
1583 Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)
1598 Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso
1684 French king Louis XIV marries Madame Maintenon
1701 Parts of the Netherlands (Frisia & Groningen) adopt the Gregorian calendar (others 1 year later)
1723 Händel’s opera “Ottone” premieres, London
1755 Tsarina Elisabeth establishes 1st Russian University
1773 First US public museum established (Charleston SC)
1777 Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
1806 French evacuate Vienna
1807 Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden Netherlands, 150 die
1809 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from the French (until 1814)
1812 First cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
1816 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
1820 Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
1836 Battle of Wetumka FL
1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Sydney Australia
1839 Anthracite coal first used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk PA
1842 Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherlands Antilles
1861 FL state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens
1863 President Davis delivers his “State of the Confederacy” address
1865 Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC
1867 Leo Tolstoy’s “Smert Ioonna Groznogo” premieres in St Petersburg
1879 British Zulu War begins Lieutenant-General Chelmsford invades Zululand
1896 First X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
1900 Freeland Colony founded in US
1903 Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown PA, killing 170
1903 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam
1904 Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison
1906 Football rules committee legalizes the forward pass
1906 First time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
1907 Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal
1912 -47ºF (-44ºC), Washta IA (state record)
1915 House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women the right to vote
1916 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Island colony in the Pacific
1918 Montréal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4
1920 Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
1921 Kenesaw Mountain Landis becomes 1st commissioner of baseball
1924 History of Science Society organized at Boston
1925 John Howard Lawson’s “Processional” premieres in New York City NY
1928 Philip Barry & Elmer Rice’s “Cock Robin” premieres in New York City NY
1929 Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana
1930 NHL’s Boston Bruins win then-record 14th consecutive game
1932 France’s Laval government falls
1932 Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-AR)
1932 Philip Barry’s “Animal Kingdom” premieres in New York City NY
1933 Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
1933 US Congress recognize independence Philippines
1937 Plow for laying submarine cable patented
1942 National War Labor Board created
1942 British troops reconquer Sollum
1942 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
1943 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)
1944 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
1944 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterdam
1945 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of the Bulge
1945 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea
1946 NFL champs Cleveland Rams given permission to move to Los Angeles
1946 “Polonaise” closes at Alvin Theater New York City NY after 113 performances
1946 Edouardo de Filippo’s “Questi Fantasmi!”, premieres in Rome
1948 Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast
1948 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel vs Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
1948 First Supermarket in UK opens
1949 “Arthur Godfrey & His Friends” premieres on CBS TV
1949 Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
1950 Swedish tanker rams British submarine Truculent in Thames, 64 die
1950 USSR re-introduces death penalty for treason, espionage & sabotage
1951 Ezzard Charles TKOs Lee Oma in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1952 University of Tennessee admits its 1st black student
1952 NFL Pro Bowl National Conference beats American Conference 30-13
1953 9 “Jewish” physicians arrested for “terrorist activities” in Moscow
1954 Austria’s worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hours later 2nd one-kills 115
1954 Queen Elizabeth II opens New Zealand parliament
1957 Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) founded
1958 NCAA adds 2 point conversion to football scoring
1958 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open
1958 NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 26-7
1958 Syracuse National Dolph Schayes sets NBA record at 11,770 points
1959 KOED TV channel 11 in Tulsa OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 Syracuse National Dolph Schayes is 1st NBA’er to score 15,000 points
1960 Sobers & Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wicket vs England
1961 “Show Girl” opens at Eugene O’Neill Theater New York City NY for 100 performances
1961 UN genocide pact goes into effect
1963 “Go Away Little Girl” by Steve Lawrence peaks at #1
1963 Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia vs England
1964 NFL Pro Bowl West beats East 31-17
1964 Revolution overthrows Sultan of Zanzibar, 1 month after independence
1965 “Hullabaloo” premieres on NBC-TV
1965 At 10 58 am PST burn up a nuclear rocket in Nevada
1966 “Batman” with Adam West & Burt Ward premieres on ABC TV
1966 LBJ says US should stay in S Vietnam until communist aggression ends
1966 Red Auerbach wins his 1,000th game as coach of NBA Boston Celtics
1966 12 day New York City NY transit strike ends
1967 Louisville KY, draft board refuses exemption for boxer Muhammad Ali
1968 Beatles Film Production Ltd changes name to Apple Film Production Ltd
1968 Nighttime version of “Hollywood Squares” premieres on NBC TV
1969 “Golden Rainbow” closes at Shubert Theater New York City NY after 355 performances
1969 Super Bowl III New York Jets beat Baltimore Colts, 16-7 in Miami; Super Bowl MVP Joe Namath, New York Jets, Quarterback
1970 Biafran War ends, Biafra surrenders to Nigeria
1970 Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage
1971 Fed grand jury indicts Reverand Philip Berrigan & 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger
1971 “All in the Family” premieres on CBS featuring first toilet flush on TV
1971 “Soon” opens at Ritz Theater New York City NY for 3 performances
1971 Congressional Black Caucus organizes
1972 Tigers sign a lease to build a $126M domed stadium (doesn’t happen)
1974 “Joker” by Steve Miller Band peaks at #1
1974 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as “Islamic Arab Republic”
1975 Chrysler Corp offers first car rebates
1975 Super Bowl IX Pittsburgh Steelers beat Minnesota Vikings, 16-6 in New Orleans; Super Bowl MVP Franco Harris, Pittsburgh, Running Back
1976 UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Organization
1977 “Ipi Tombi” opens at Harkness Theater New York City NY for 39 performances
1977 Anti-French demonstrations takes place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes
1979 Los Angeles’s Hillside Strangler, Kenneth Bianchi, arrested in Bellingham
1979 Record blizzard struck midwest killing over 100
1979 6th American Music Award Barry Manilow, Linda Ronstadt win
1980 Mike Bratz (Phoenix) begins NBA free throw streak of 57 games
1981 -35ºF (-37ºC), Chester, Massachusetts (state record)
1981 “Dynasty”, a prime time soap opera inspired by Dallas, starring Joan Collins, premieres on ABC-TV
1983 NCAA creates the football Kickoff Classic to begin in August
1983 Brooks Robinson & Juan Marichal elected to Hall of Fame
1985 Miami Dolphins win AFC football championship
1986 24th space shuttle (61-C) mission-Columbia 7-launched
1986 Chicago Blackhawk Denis Savard scores at 4 seconds of 3rd period
1987 Britain’s Prince Edward resigns from his Royal Marines training
1988 Willie Stargell (Pittsburgh Pirate), elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1989 6 claim to survive in rubble, 35 days after Armenian quake (hoax)
1989 Idi Amin expelled from Zaire
1990 Civil Rights activist Reverand Al Sharpton is stabbed in Bensonhurst Brooklyn
1990 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
1991 Largest crowd to watch Atlantic Coast Womens Basketball game (11,520)
1991 US Congress gives George Bush authority to wage war against Iraq
1991 Melvin Stewart swims world record 200 meter butterfly (1 55.69)
1992 13th ACE Cable Awards HBO wins 27 awards
1992 Algeria’s General elections canceled after strong gains by Islamic Salvation Front in the 1st round
1992 Last building in Gateway area in Cleveland is demolished
1992 US male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman
1993 Doctors announce Pittsburgh Penguin Mario Limeux has Hodgkin’s disease
1993 MTV hostess Martha Quinn marries longtime boyfriend Jordan Tarlow
1994 Malcolm X’s daughter arrested for plotting Louis Farrakhan’s murder
1994 Steve Carlton (Phillies) elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1995 Major earthquake kills 5,092 in Kobe Japan
1995 Murder trial against OJ Simpson, begins in Los Angeles
1995 Pope John Paul II begins visit to Southeast Asia
1996 Russian troops arrived in Bosnia (joint operation with US)
1997 17th United Negro College Fund raises
1997 Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Champions
1997 HAL becomes operational (2001: A Space Odyssey); this date was given as January 12, 1992 on screen, but 1997 is the date used in both the novel and screenplay
1997 Ice skater Oksana Baiul injured slightly whiled driving intoxicated
1997 Space Shuttle STS 81 (Atlantis 18), launches into space
1997 Tiger Woods wins Mercedes Championships

Jody Victor