Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, October 4, in history.

1582 Last day of the Julian calendar in Italy, many Catholic countries
1636 First code of law for Plymouth Colony
1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen
1777 Battle of Germantown
1824 Mexico becomes a republic
1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
1862 Battle of Corinth ends
1864 National black convention meets (Syracuse NY)
1864 New Orleans Tribune, first black daily newspaper, forms
1883 Orient Express’ 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “The Problem of Thor Bridge” (BG)
1901 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America’s Cup
1906 Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year
1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
1912 Nicaraguan Gen Zeledon, opponent of US occupation, is executed
1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
1916 Market Street’s “Path of Gold” lit for 1st time
1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hrs). Referee overturns the decision
1924 NY Giants become 1st team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series (World Series #21)
1926 Dahlia is officially designated as SF city flower
1928 25th World Series begins, NY Yankees vs St Louis Cardinals
1931 The comic strip Dick Tracy by Chester Gould debuts
1940 Adolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps
1940 Wrestling returns to Madison Sq Garden after 12 year lay off
1944 The St Louis World Series-Cards vs Browns – St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance (World Series #41)
1948 Cleveland Indians beat Red Sox, 8-0, in 1st AL playoff game
1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58«% to keep blacks out
1955 Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory, beating Yankees in 7 (World Series #52) 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
1957 “Leave It to Beaver,” debuts on CBS
1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite
1958 5th French republic established
1958 Transatlantic coml jet passenger service began (BOAC)
1959 First world series (World Series #56) game played west of St Louis (in LA)
1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon’s far side
1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300 m
1962 Whitey Ford’s world series 33 2/3 scoreless inning streak ends World Series #59)
1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
1964 3 cars of a commuter train derail in South Africa killing 81
1964 Patriots’ Gino Cappelletti kicks 6-of-6 field goals against Broncos
1964 St Louis Cards clinch NL pennant
1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN)
1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon
1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1967 First World Series since 1948 not to feature Yanks, Giants or Dodgers (World Series #64)
1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters
1969 Baseball’s 1st divisional playoff games, Mets beat Braves 9-5 & Orioles beat Twins 4-3 in 12 innings
1970 Jan Stenerud of Kansas City Chiefs kicks 55-yard field goal
1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
1971 Borden’s opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World
1974 John Lennon releases “Walls & Bridges” album
1976 Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns due to telling a racial joke
1977 Pier 39 opens in SF
1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I
1981 Pasakevi Kouna of Greece (9) is youngest intl gymnastics participant
1983 Richard Noble reaches record 1019 kph in jet-powered car
1984 US government closes down due to budget problems
1984 Yankees clinch AL East
1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia
1985 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley
1987 First “Scrub Sunday” of NFL football with replacement players
1987 Blues Jays lose final 7 games allowing Tigers to win the AL pennant
1987 James Jefferson of Winnipeg scores 2 TDs on interception returns without making an interception. (He scored on laterals)
1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid
1990 Regional elections held, in what was East Germany
1991 NHL NY Rangers trade Bernie Nichols to Edmonton for Mark Messier

Jody Victor

Once Upon A Time….

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 27, in history.

1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000
1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola
1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British
1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification
1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence
1821 Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
1825 Railroad transportation is born with 1st track in England
1854 Steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard
1863 Jo Shelby’s calvery in action at Moffat’s Station, Arkansas
1877 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
1881 Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small “crowd” of 12
1894 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
1905 First published blues composition goes on sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues
1905 Boston’s Bill Dinneen no-hits Chic White Sox, 2-0
1910 First test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France)
1919 Democratic National Committee votes to admit women
1919 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs
1921 Yanks beat Indians 21-7 in Polo Grounds
1923 Lou Gehrig’s 1st homer
1928 US recognizes Nationalist Chinese government
1930 Bobby Jones completes the Grand Slam of Golf
1930 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn’t handle the ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St Louis Browns
1931 Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game
1937 First Santa Claus school opens (Albion NY)
1938 Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched at Glasgow
1939 Warsaw, Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces
1940 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller
1941 First WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched
1942 NY Giants beat Wash Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down
1942 St Louis Cards win NL pennant on last day of the season
1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis
1953 Bert Bechichar, Baltimore Colts, kicks a 56-yard field goal
1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan
1954 School integration begins in Wash DC & Baltimore Md public schools
1954 Steve Allen’s “Tonight Show” premiers
1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit
1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, kills nearly 5,000
1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN
1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles
1963 At 10:59 AM the census clock, records US population at 190,000,000
1964 Phillies 7th straight loses sends them into 2nd place
1964 Warren Commission released, finding Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
1967 Phillies Jim Bunning ties NL record of 5, 1-0 losses in a year
1968 Cardinal’s super pitcher Bob Gibson’s 13th shutout of the year
1970 Ken Boswell sets 2nd baseman record of 85 games without an error
1972 First game at Nassau Coliseum, Rangers beat Islanders 6-4 (exhibition)
1973 Nolan Ryan strikesout his 383rd batter of the year
1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days)
1977 Phillies clinch 2nd straight NL East Division title
1979 Congress’ final approval to create Dept of Education
1980 WHOT (Bkln NY pirate radio station) begins on 1620 AM & 92.5 FM
1982 John Palmer becomes news anchor of the Today Show
1985 Hurricane Gloria’s 130 MPH wind hits the Atlantic coast
1986 Senate joins House of Reps voting for sweeping tax reforms
1987 NFL players’ strike
1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story
1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not Christ`s burial cloth
1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes
1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash
1990 A gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkley Calif
1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly
1990 Senate Judiciary committee approves Souter’s Supreme Court nomination
1990 Tour de France champion Greg LeMond visits White House
1991 “Princesses” premiers on CBS TV
1991 President Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert
1991 First scheduled NHL exhibition game in St Petersburg Florida, is cancelled due to poor ice conditions (NY Islanders vs Boston Bruins)

Jody Victor

Today In History

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 13, in history.

122 Building begins on Hadrian’s Wall
604 Sabinian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1625 Rabbi Isiah Horowith & 15 other rabbis arrested in Jerusalem
1663 First serious slave conspiracy in colonial America (Virginia)
1759 Wolfe defeats Montcalm on Plains of Abraham; Canada becomes English
1788 New York City becomes capital of the United States
1789 First loan to US Govt (from NYC banks)
1849 First US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)
1867 Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors
1882 Britain invades Egypt
1883 Cleveland Hugh Daily no-hits Phila 1-0
1906 First airplane flight in Europe
1922 136.4øF (58ø C), El Aziziyah, Libya in shade (world record)
1925 Brookln Dodger Dazzy Vance no-hits Phillies, 10-1
1927 Waite Hoyt became the only 20 game winner of the 1927 Yankees
1928 KOH-AM in Reno NV begins radio transmissions
1932 NY Yankees clinch their 7th pennant
1936 Cleveland Bob Feller strikes out then record 17 in a game (vs Phila A’s)
1942 Cubs shortstop Leonard Merullo makes 4 errors in 1 inning
1942 German forces attack Stalingrad
1943 Chiang Kai-shek became president of China
1948 Margaret Chase Smith (R-Me) elected senator, 1st woman to serve in both houses of Congress
1949 Ladies Pro Golf Association of America formed in NYC
1959 USSR’s Luna 2 becomes 1st probe to contact another celestial body
1961 “Car 54 Where are You?” premiers on TV
1961 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit
1963 “The Outer Limits” premiers
1963 Yankees clinch their 28th pennant
1965 Beatles release “Yesterday”
1965 Today Show’s 1st totally color broadcast
1965 Willie Mays hits his 500th HR
1970 IBM announces System 370 computer
1971 9 hostages & 28 prisoners die in take over at Attica State Prison
1971 Frank Robinson hits his 500th HR
1971 World Hockey Association formed
1973 ABC announces it obtained TV rights for the 1976 Olympics
1973 Congress passes & sends a bill to President Nixon to lift football’s blackout
1974 Phillies set NL record, using 27 players in a game, St Louis uses 24, tying record of 51. Phils win 7-3 in 17
1976 2nd Enterprise, approach & lands test (ALT) flight (5m28s)
1977 First TV viewer discretion warning-Soap
1977 2nd test of the Space Shuttle Enterprise
1978 NY Yankees win to gain sole possession of 1st place from 14 games back
1979 South Africa grants Venda independence (Not recognized out of S Afr)
1981 33rd Emmy Awards (Hill Street Blues big winner)
1981 April Moon sets women’s handbow distance record of 1,039 yds & 13″
1981 Atlanta Falcons tie record of 31 points in 4th quarter (vs Green Bay)
1981 John McEnroe beats Bj”rn B”rg for US Open title
1982 50 die in Spantax Airlines DC-10 on takeoff from Malaga, Spain
1982 Joe Lefevre gets 6 hits in one baseball game
1983 US mint strikes 1st gold coin in 50 years (Olympic Eagle)
1984 STS 41-G launch vehicle moves to launch pad
1985 John Williams introduces the new Today Show theme
1986 Bert Blyleven gives up a record 44 HRs in a season
1986 Kellye Cash (Miss Tennessee) crowned Miss America
1987 Paul Lynch of Great Britain does 32,573 push-ups in 24 hours
1988 10th time, 4 players hit baseball major-league record grand slams
1988 Hurricane Gilbert becomes strongest (26.13 barometer) hurricane in Western Hemisphere
1989 Fay Vincent named baseball commissioner
1990 Iraqi troops storm the residence of French ambassador in Kuwait
1990 Senate Judiciary Com opens hearing on confirmation of David Souter
1991 A 55 ton concrete beam falls in Montreal’s Olympic Stadium
1991 Joe Colemans 3rd 100 RBI season in a row 3 teams (Cleveland, SD & Toronto)

Jody Victor

It Happened Today

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, September 6, in history.

1620 Pilgrims set sail from Plymouth England to the New World
1628 Puritans land at Salem, from Mass Bay Colony, witches soon to settle
1839 Great fire in NY
1848 National Black Convention meets (Cleveland)
1853 Women’s Rights Convention met (NYC)
1862 Stonewall Jackson occupies Fredrick, Maryland
1863 After 59 day siege, confederates evacuate Ft Wagner, SC
1869 First westbound train arrives in SF
1869 Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale Pennsylvania
1873 Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street
1876 Race riot in Charleston SC
1876 Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed
1883 Cub’s Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn
1899 Carnation processes its 1st can of evaporated milk
1903 Start of Sherlock Holmes “The Adventure of The Creeping Man” (BG)
1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Company established
1905 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith no-hits Detroit Tigers, 15-0
1909 Word received, Adm Peary discovers North Pole 5 months earlier
1910 Saskatchewan (then Regina) Roughriders football club formed
1912 NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Phila, 3-0
1913 First aircraft to loop the loop (Adolphe P‚goud-France)
1914 Battle of the Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris
1920 First radio broadcast of a prizefight
1924 Charles Paddock captures 100 & 200 yd AAU national senior outdoor track & field championships
1930 Brooklyn Dodgers beat Phillies 22-8
1941 All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star
1941 Jews of Vilna Poland are confined to a ghetto
1943 “Congressional Limited” train derails near Frankfort Pa, kills 79
1946 All-American Football Conference plays 1st game (Clev 44, Miami 0)
1948 Juliana becomes queen of the Netherlands
1949 Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in 12 minutes
1954 Yankees use a record 10 pinch hitters
1963 Major league baseballs 100,000th game
1966 “Star Trek” premiers on NBC TV
1966 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia
1968 Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1972 John & Yoko appear on Jerry Lewis Muscular Dystrophy Telethon
1973 NY Times reports almost all Superfectas run at Yonkers, Roosevelt & Monticello from Jan-Mar of 1973 were fixed
1975 6.8 quake along Anatolian Fault kills over 2,000 in Lice Turkey
1976 Russian pilot defects to Japan in a Mig 25 jet
1978 Begin & Sadat meet at Camp David to discuss peace
1980 Chantal Langlace sets women’s record for fastest 100K run (7h27m22s)
1980 College football longest losing streak of 50 games ends for Macalaster U of St Paul, Minn beating Mount Senario 17-14
1981 Bob Lemon named Yankee manager
1982 Paul McCartney releases “Tug of War”
1982 Polish dissidents seize the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland
1983 USSR admits to shooting down KAL 007 on 9/2
1984 Today Show begins live remote telecasts from Moscow
1986 Barbra Streisand’s 1st live concert in 20 years
1986 USSR charges correspondent Nicholas Daniloff with spying
1987 Saskatchewan’s Dave Ridgway kicks a CFL-record 60-yard field goal
1988 Crippled soviet Soyuz TM-5 lands safely with 2 cosmonauts aboard
1989 Amateur Atheletic Fed strips Ben Johnson of all track records
1991 USSR recognizes independence of the 3 baltic republics

Jody Victor

Today’s History Lesson

Jody Victor: Here’s what happened on this day, August 30, In history.

31 -BC- Origin of Era of Augustus
257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1645 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty
1843 First black participation in national political convention (Liberty Party)
1850 Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city
1854 John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
1862 Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY
1862 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day
1905 Ty Cobb’s 1st major league at bat (Detroit Tigers)
1906 Hal Chase became 1st Yankee to hit 3 triples in a game
1910 Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleve 5-0 in 11
1912 St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1
1913 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
1916 Boston’s Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
1916 Paul Von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany
1939 NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph (152 kph)
1941 Siege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began during WW II
1941 St Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cin Reds, 2-0
1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest Romania
1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japan
1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas
1961 First Negro judge of a US District Court confirmed-JB Parsons
1961 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning baseball game
1963 Hot Line communications link between Wash DC & Moscow went begins
1965 Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball
1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland
1967 US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice
1968 First record under Apple label (Beatle’s Hey Jude)
1969 120,000 attend Texas Intl Pop Festival
1969 25,000 attend 2nd Annual Sky River Rock Festival, Tenino Wash
1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale Florida
1974 Express train runs full speed into Zagreb, Yugo rail yard killing 153
1975 KTW-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX)
1976 Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of the Today Show
1979 First recorded occurrence-comet hits sun (energy=1 mil hydrogen bombs)
1979 President Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains Ga
1983 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-launched (6 days)
1984 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D)-Discovery 1-launched (6 days)
1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report)
1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100 m in world record 9.83 sec
1987 Stefka Kostadinova of Bulgaria sets high jump women’s record (6’10¬”)
1987 Yves Pol of France runs complete marathon backwards (3:57:57)
1988 Julianne Philips files for divorce from Bruce Springsteen
1988 Tennis star Chris Everett weds skier Andy Mills
1989 Roman Polanski marries actress Emmanuelle Seigner
1990 Ken Griffey & Ken Griffey Jr become 1st father & son to play on the same team (Seattle Mariners), both single in the 1st inning
1991 Dan O’Brien sets US decathalon record with 8,812 points
1991 France beats US by narrowest Ryder Cup margin – 14« to 13«
1991 Mike Powell of the US, sets then long jump record at 29′ 4«”

Jody Victor